Variety Database Search Results for ...

VarietyDescription
895 HOLLISTEROne tree is growing at South Coast Research Station, Irvine, CA. field 46, row 57, tree #41. (J.R.Frink 1998)
A A CARNEOne tree is growing at South Coast Research Station, Irvine, CA. field 46, row 57, tree #40. (J.R.Frink 1998)
ABLESSyn. of Beardslee
ACE(Guatemalan) Sy. of Simpson.Tree difficult to propagate. Fruit matures April to July;color green; weight 16 ozs; shape pyriform/skin smooth except at stem; seed, medium. Originated by M. Simpson at Anaheim,CA. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
ACKERMAN(West Indian) Tree Hawaii. Fruit season,all summer. Color, green. Size, 15-24 ozs. Shape, pyriform; skin smooth; seed, medium size, loose. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
ACME
ACOSTA(West Indian) Tree originated ner Santiago de las Vegas, Cuba, propagated 1910. Fruit season, Dec. in Cuba. Color, green; size, 20-24 ozs; shape, pyriform; seed size, large. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
ADIOrig. at Akko Expt. Station, Western Galilee, Isr, by E Lahav, D.Zamet, & S. Gazit. Seedling of Horshim caged with Hass & resembles both cultivars. Introd.1992 & was to be patented. Fruit:obovate (pear-shaped) to slightly necked, of small to medium size, 6-10.5 oz, usually 8 oz; green when mature; skin pebbled, of med. thickness, easily separated from flesh, slightly stonier than that of Hass; flesh pale yellow with green rim, buttery tex.,&excellent flavor, slightly less nutlike than Hass; seed round to slightly elongated, small (10% of fruit weight) & tight in cavity; season begins & ends earlier than Hass (which is early Oct.-March here). Tree: small to med., sturdily branched, with short and compact flowering racemes; similar to Hass in cold sensitivity. Yields appear good, with a tendency toward alternate bearing. Flower group A; distributed for evaluation throughout Isr. but not recommended for hot summer areas, where fruit size might be reduced. (B&O Register)
ADJUNTAS GUATEMALAOrigin: Puerto Rico. Flowering group: A. (Lahav & Gazit)
AJAX(Guat x W.I.) Orig. in Homestead, FL, by Will Booth. Introd.1934 when propagated by Coral Reef Nursery, Homestead. Open pollinated seedling of (Guat.xWest Ind. types); discovered about 1927. Fruit: medium large, 16-30 oz; round - obovoid; skin green, thick, glossy, slightly pebbled; oil content 9%-13%; flavor good, rather dry; seed med. large; resembles Collinson. Tree: vigorous & productive. Flowering group B. Minor commericial cultivar in FL. (B&O Register) Tree location FL at Homestead in 1920. Propagated 1934; production, a heavy bearer. Vigor, tree is vigorous. Fruit season, Dec.-Jan. in FL. Color, green; size,16-30 ozs. Shape, round or obovoid; skin, thick, glossy, & slightly pebbled. Flavor good, rather dry. Oil, 9-13%. Seed size, ML (CAS Yearbook 1950)
AKBAL(Guat. P.I. 45505) Introduced from Amatitlan, Guatemala 1917 by F.W.Popenoe. Fruit season in Guat. Aug.-Nov. Color, green. Size, 12ozs. Shape, long & slender. Skin, smooth. Seed size, medium. (CAS Yearbook 1950) Flower type B. (LaHav & Gazit)
AL BOYCE(Hybrid) Named after Dr. Alfred M. Boyce, one of the first researchers to study the effects of pesticides on crops, animals & people. Chair of Dept. of Entomology, director of Experiment Station & dean of College of Ag. UCR. Fruit is larger than Jan Boyce (named for his wife) but similar. Green oval pear of outstanding flavor. Production is light. (J.R.Frink 1998) Called Alboyce in this reference. Race: Guat X Mex. A flower type. Origin: California (LaHav & Gazit)
ALBAR(Guat.)Registered 1941 Originated at La Habra Heights, CA. Fruit season June, July, Aug. Color, dark green; shape, pyriform; weight 13 ozs.; skin, very thick; flavor good minus; oil content 15.28%; fibre, very little. Seed small. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
ALEGRETree: Place of J.R.Wilson, Manila, Philippines. Illus. Phil. Agr. Rev. Vol. 22, pl 23, b 1927. Fruit color, green. Shape, pyriform. Necked to kidney shaped. Skin, thin, Seed, medium. Origin, at Manila by J.R.Wilson & named for Mr. Wilson's home. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
ALEXANDRIA(Guat)Orig. in Duarte, CA.,by W.A.Spinks. Introd. in 1925. Chance seedling; Guat. type; first fruited in 1921. Fruit: large, 16-24 oz; oval; skin green, glossy, slightly rough; seed small; season July. Now obsolete. (B&O Register) Tree; Place of W.A.Spinks, Duarte, CA. fruiting in 1921. Fruit season July at Duarte. Color, green. Size 16-24 ozs. Shape, oval. Skin, glossy, slightly rough. Seed, small. Originated by W.A. Spinks at Duarte, CA (CAS Yearbook 1950)
ALICERegistered 1952. Originated by Sam Thompson, Carlsbad,CA,1944. Tree is tall & spreading, vigorous; production: 5-10 boxes; cold resistance about same as Fuerte. Fruit season: April-Aug.; Color: medium green; Weight: 8.25ozs; Shape: pyriform; Skin; medium & smooth; Flavor: good plus; Oil:18.1% Keeping Quality: poor; Seed: 2.25ozs.(CAS Yearbook1952) Orig. in Carlsbad, CA, by Sam Thompson. Introd.1952.Open-pollinated seedling of Guat. type; selected1944. Fruit: average 8 oz; pyriform; skin smooth, med. thick, med. green; flavor good, oil content 18%, keeping quality poor; seed 2 oz. Tree: tall; spreading; vigorous; cold resistance similar to Fuerte; productive. Obsolete.(B&O Register)
ALICE MIRANDISee Carr.
ALLES(Guat.)Registered 1932 Originated 1926 at Carlsbad, CA. from Lyon seed on place of L.C. Alies. Fruit season, June, Aug. Color, green; weight 16 ozs.; shape, pyriform; skin, pebbled; flavor, excellent minus; oil, 19.3%; seed 3 3/4 ozs.(CAS Yearbook 1950)
ALLMEATRegistered 1954 (CAS Yearbook 1956)
ALMA(Guat.xW.I.)Orig.in Sebring,FL,by Heinrich Rohde.Introd.1944. Parentage unknown; discovered1922; Guat.xWest Ind.type.Fruit:12-20 oz; rounded; skin purple, thick, rough; oil content 20%;flavor & quality good; seed large; season 15 Jan.-15 Mar. Formerly recommended for home planting as a cold winter variety because of resistance to cold. No longer propagated.(B & O Register) Tree originated & located on place of Heinrich Rohde, Sebring, Fl.1922. Unknown origin. Resistance to adverse weather, never injured by cold at Sebring. Fruit season, Jan.15-Mar. 15. Color, purple. Size 12-20 ozs. Shape round. Skin, thick & rough. Flavor, good. Oil, 20%. Seed large. Recommended for home planting only. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
ALPINE(Mex.) Tree originated from a seed planted 1912 by Frank Frost near Porterville, CA. Production fruited first in 1916. Fruit season, Oct.- Dec. Size 3-4 "long. Seed size, very small. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
ALTO(Guat.) Tree introduced by West India Gardens from Atlixco, Mex. in 1911. Fruit season Nov.-Dec. at Atlixco. Color green. Weight 24 ozs. Shape, pyriform. Skin rough. Seed, small. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
ALZAMORAa Puerto Rican variety (J Morton)
AMADORWest Indian variety of unknown ancestry. (J Morton)
AMANDAOrig. in Vista, CA, by Paul L Kovach. Introd. in 1956. Chance seedling of hybrid origin; seed planted in 1947. Fruit: 8 oz; pyriform; skin green, thick, does not peel from flesh; flavor very good, oil content 22% ripens slowly. Tree: upright; bears well. Obsolete. (B&O Register)
AMBASSADOR(Guat) Orig. in Whittier, CA, by A.R. Rideout. Introd.1922. Lyon x Puebla; Guat. type. Fruit: 14 -16 oz; oblong to pyriform; skin rough, purple; seed large; season July to Sept. Now obsolete. (B&O Register) Tree originated on Rideout place at Whittier by A.R.Rideout. A result of crossing Lyon x Puebla.(Note from JRF--Then how could it be Guatemalan? Puebla is pure Mexican and Lyon may be a hybrid.) Fruit season July - Sept. at Whittier. Color purple. Weight, 14-16ozs. Shape, oblong to pyriform, Skin, rough. Seed, large. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
AMECA(Guat.) Syn. Furnival. No.1 Tree introduced 1912 as Furnival No. 1 by West India Gardens of Altadena, CA. from Jalisco, Mex. Fruit color, purplish black. Weight 32ozs. Skin, thick. Flavor quality is high. Seed medium. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
AMERICA(Guat.) Tree from seed planted about 1913 on J.E.Hoff place, Hollywood, CA. Fruit season, Apr.-June. Color, purple. Weight, 16-24 ozs. Shape, obovoid, Skin smooth. Flavor, fair. Seed medium. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
AMESOrig. in Pala, CA, by J.H. Ames. Introd. in 1956. Open-pollinated seedling of Topa Topa; planted in 1952. Fruit:7 oz; pyriform; skin green, smooth, thin, peels readily from flesh; flavor fair, oil content 9%; season mid-Sept. to mid-Oct. Tree: growth similar to Fuerte. Now obsolete. (B&O Register)
AMIGO(Guat) Tree originated 1917 on C.H.Hamburg place, Whittier, CA. Fruit season, Apr.-May. Color, purple. Weight 12-14 ozs. Shape, spherical. Skin, rough. Seed, large. (CAS Yearbook 1950) Orig. in Whittier, CA, by C.H. Hamburg. Introd. in 1922. Chance seedling discovered in 1917;Guat. type. Fruit: 12 -14 oz; round; skin purple, rough; seed large; oil content 14.7%; season April - May. Now obsolete.(B&O Register)
ANAHEIM(Guat) Tree originated in 1910. A seedling from E.C. Dutton planted on Otto Keup place at the corner of Palm Ave. & Ball Road, Anaheim, CA. Production very prolific. Resistance to adverse weather,quite tender to frost. Shape of tree, tall & slender. Fruit, June-Aug. of second year.Ventura & Santa Barbara later. Color, green. Weight,18-32 ozs. Shape, elliptical.Skin, medium rough, glossy. Oil 15%. Illustrated in Yearbook 1927&Cal. Ag. Exper. Sta. Bul. 365 revised. Marketability fair. Seed, med. to small. (CAS Yearbook 1956) Flower type A (Lahav & Gazit) (Orginated in CA); oval to elliptical; lg.; skin glossy, rough, thick; flesh of fair to good flavor, up to 22% oil, but inferior to Fuerte, Nabal & Benik;is best in Mar.&Apr. in Israel, July&Aug. in Queensland. Tree slender, erect, tall, cold- sensitive; bears regularly, up to 220 lbs (100kg) annually in IS. Considered of poor quality & subject to disease during ripening in Queensland. (J.Morton)
ANAKANDAFlowering type B (Lahav & Gazit)
ARANGOSyn. Cor. Raul Arango Tree Cuba listed in 1917. Fruit season June-Sept. in Cuba. Weight up to 7 lbs. Shape, oval. Flavor, excellent. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
ARDITH(originally #0028) Green hard & soft, well centered stem on flattened oval/pear shaped fruit, average 11-12 oz, can be 9-15, Aug.-Jan season, beautiful flesh & excellent flavor, peels, stores well, A blossom type, compact tree growth, so far persea mite and thrip resistant. Several trees are growing in field 44, Southcoast Research Station, Irvine,CA (J.R.Frink 1998) Origin: California, Guat.X Mex. with A flower type (Lahav & Gazit)
ARONAOrigin: Canary Islands, Race: Mexican, Flowering group: B. (LaHav & Gazit)
ARTIC(Guat) Tree originated as seedling of Sharpless on B.H.Sharpless place near Tustin, CA. Production, first fruit Nov. 1923. Fruit season late fall. Color, dark purple. Weight 16-18 ozs. Shape, pyriform. Skin, rough. Flavor, good. Seed, medium. (CAS Yearbook 1950) Orig. in Tustin, CA,by B.H. Sharpless. Introd. in 1925. Open-pollinated seedling of Sharpless; first fruited in 1923. Fruit: 16-18 oz; pyriform; skin dark purple, rough; flavor good; seed size medium; matures in late fall, after Sharpless. Now obsolete.(B&O Register)
ARTURO(Mex.) Patent 667 Tree originated at Fallbrook,CA. by A.R.Chenoweth 1933. Production, bearing is consistent.Tree precocious. Fruit season Sept.-April. Color, light green. Weight, 6-10 ozs. Shape, oval. Skin, smooth. Flavor, good. Oil content high. Seed, 1.5-2 ozs. (CAS Yearbook 1950) Orig. in Fallbrook, CA, by A.R. Chenoweth. Introd.1946. Plant patent 667;15 Jan.1946. Mex.seedling; discovered 1933. Fruit:size med.,6-10 oz; long oval; skin dull green; soft leathery, surface slightly rough, no corkiness in early part of season but develops later on, excellent peeling quality; flesh light yellow,fiber-free soft, melting, flavor mild, quality very good, oil content 11.5% as early as mid-Sept., progressing to 20%; seed 1.5-2.5oz,tight in cavity; ripens Sept.into Dec. Tree: symetrical; tends to develop a strong central leader with long drooping lateral branches; more cold resistant than Fuerte; blooms in Feb. Planted in home gardens in southern California. (B&O Register) For more info see p.89 CAS Yearbook 1963.(J.R.Frink) Flower type B (Lahav & Gazit)
ARUEOrig. in the Society Islands. Introd. in 1932 into the U.S. as P.I.99805 by U.S. Dept. of Agriculture Sta.,Miami, FL. Parentage unknown. Fruit: large, averaging 20-30 oz; quality fair; skin rough for a summer variety; seed large; matures in May & June, much earlier than other Florida avocado varieties regularly, but with low yields; flowering group A; minor commercial cultivar. (B&O Register) Origin: FL., Race: G? WI?, Flowering group A (LaHav & Gazit)
ASHIKAWAOrigin: Hawaii, Race: Guatemalan, Flowering group: A. (LaHav & Gazit)
ATHERTON(W.I.) Tree originated Honolulu,Hawaii. Fruit, purple; weight, 32 ozs.; shape, oblong-obovoid. Skin, smooth. Quality, very good. Seed, medium, almost tight. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
ATKINS(Mex. x Guat.) Tree originated on J.D.Atkinson place, Carpinteria, CA. (Bradbury & Murphy's). Was 70 ft. tall but top was broken by wind. Good condition 1937. Fruit season, April-July. Color, green. Size, 16 ozs. Shape, roundish pyriform. Skin smooth & thin. Flavor good. Seed, large. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
ATLIXCO(Guat.) Tree introduced 1911 by West India Gardens, Altadena, CA. from Atlixco, Mex. Fruit season April-June. Color, green with purple blush. Weight 16 ozs. Shape, oblong to pyriform. Skin slightly rough. Flavor good. Seed, medium to large. (CAS Yearbook 1950) Origin: Mexico, Race: Guat?, Flowering group: A (Lahav & Gazit)
ATMORE(Guat.) Regist. 1934 Originated about 1927 near Sespe, CA. at home of F.E.Atmore. Fruit season, March, July; color, black; weight, 13 ozs; shape, obovoid; skin, thin; flavor, good minus; oil, 11%; fiber, considerable. Seed, medium, 2 1/2ozs. (CAS Yearbook 1950) Orig. in Sespe, CA, by F.E. Atmore. Introd. in 1934. Chance seedling discovered about 1927; Guatemalan type. Fruit: 13 oz; obovoid; skin black, thin; flavor fair, oil content 11% considerable fiber; season March to July. Now obsolete. (B&O Register)
AUBREY(W.I. may be hybrid) Tree originated Hawaii. Fruit season, fall in Hawaii; color, green; weight, 12 ozs; shape, spherical; skin, smooth. Seed, medium. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
AUBURNDALE(W.I.) Syn. Juliana. Tree originated on place of Capt. J. M.Burns, near Auburndale as seedling of Pollock about 1925. Fruit season, Nov.; color, green weight, about 32 ozs; shape, obovate; skin glossy green. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
AUREL(Hybrid) Regist.1949 Tree originated & located in orchard of Dr.P.L. Kovach, Vista, CA.; planted 1945; slender, upright tree; at 22 degrees tree not affected by cold. Fruit season, April, May; color, dark green; weight, 11 ozs.; shape, pyriform; skin thin, smooth, peels from flesh; flavor, fair plus; oil 16%, April 27th. Seed, 1 1/4 ozs.(CAS Yearbook 1950) Orig. in Vista, CA, by Paul L. Kovach. Introd. in 1949. Hybrid parentage unknown; seed planted in 1945. Fruit: averages 11 oz; pyriform; skin dark green, thin, smooth peels easily; flavor fair, oil content 16% seed averages 1.25 oz, tight in cavity; season April and May. Tree: upright, slender. Now obsolete. (B&O Register)
AVILA(W.I.)Tree originated at Quebradillas, Puerto Rico. Fruit season, Oct.-Dec. in Puerto Rico; color, light green; weight, 30 ozs; shape, pyriform. Seed, medium to large. (Avila No.1 & Avila No. 2 listed in Rept. Agri. Exp. Sta. Univ. Puerto Rico 1934-35) (CAS Yearbook 1950)Orig. in Quebradillas, Puerto Rico. Chance seedling of West Indian type. Fruit: very large, 30 oz; pyriform; skin light green; seed medium to large; season October to December. (B&O Register) Flowering group A (Lahav & Gazit)
AVIS21-35 oz. fruit, elongated kidney or paisley shape, medium skin thickness & texture, green hard & soft. Fruit has unfortunate characteristic of getting ripe on one end before the other so much of each fruit has to be discarded. Flavor and texture are good on the ripe half of the fruit. Pit is very small to medium. The main benefit of Avis is that it gets people's enthusiastic attention at the fair. B blossom, large tall tree that appears resistant to persea mite and thrip. Several trees are growing at South Coast Research Station, Irvine, CA. (J.R.Frink)
AVON(Guat.x W.I.) Tree originated in orchard of W.F.Ward, Avon Park, FL. Was one of several hundred seedlings from Guat. race trees with chance for West Ind. race pollination. Evidently a hybrid. Seed planted1923.Fruited first 1927. Top worked in owner's orchard in 1934. Production heavy bearing in Ward's orchard. Fruit, season Dec.-Jan.; color, medium green; weight 12-20 ozs.;shape, obovate with obliquely flattened base; skin, glossy but slightly wrinkled; thin & pliable; oil content 9.14%. Seed size, very large.(CAS Yearbook 1950)Orig. in Avon Park Fl, by W.F.Ward.Introd1940.Hybrid of Guat.XWest Ind.types;seedling discovered1927. Fruit:12-20 oz; obovate with obliquely flattened base; skin medium green, thin, pliable, glossy, attractive; flesh light yellow, oil content 9%; seed very large, 22% of fruit weight; season Dec.&Jan. Tree: branches able to stand a great deal of bending without breakage; consistently heavy bearer; not cold resistant. Flowering group A. No longer propagated.(B&O Register)
AYCOCK RED NO. 19Flowering group A (Lahav & Gazit)
AZTEC
AZUL1Origin: Mexico, Race: Mexican, Flowering group B (Lahav & Gazit)
AZUSA(Mex.) Tree originated in yard of Mrs. Henry Roberts, Azusa, CA. Propagated 1914. Fruit season, Oct.-Dec.; color, purplish black; weight, 6-8 ozs.; shape, long pyriform; flavor, good; skin, smooth & glossy. Seed, medium. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
BACON Orig. in Buena Park,CA, by James E.Bacon.Introd.1951.Chance seedling, Mex.-Guat. hybrid type; planted1928. Fruit:7-12 oz; ovoid; skin green, thin, smooth; flavor good;flesh an unusually pale yellow-green;oil content high; keeping quality good; matures Nov.-Jan.in Orange County & Dec.-March in Ventura County.Tree: upright, slender; consistent, heavy producer; frost tolerance excellent. Flower type B, valuable pollinizer of other cultivars; minor commercial cultivar in southern CA.(B&O Register) Reg.1948. Orig. James E. Bacon at N.E. corner of La Palma & Grand, Buena Park, CA about 1928. Tree, tall & slender, consistant producer of heavy crops.Fruit: season, Dec.-Mar.,Color, green. Wt.,10.5 ozs.Shape, ovoid. Skin, thin & smooth. Flavor, fair. Oil, 17.85% Oct. 1, 1948. Keeping Quality, good. (CAS Yearbook 1956) Quality of flesh slightly better than Zutano. Season: slightly later than Zutano. Tends to be affected with end spot, an external blemish. This cultivar & Zutano are the only 2 reasonably productive of 60 cultivars tried in L.A.& Orange Counties in CA. In 1957, top-working of all others to these 2 cold-hardy cultivars was strongly recommended. Bacon is a good choice for tropical American highlands about 5,200 ft. (160m) (J.Morton 1987)
BAIRD(Guat.) Regist. 1933 Tree originated 1928 from seed planted by R.W.Baird at Carlsbad, CA. Fruit season, Apr.-June; color, green; weight, 10-14 ozs.; shape, pyriform; skin, pebbled, leathery; flavor, fair to good; oil content 15.3%. Seed 2 1/4 ozs., large. (CAS Yearbook 1950) Orig. in Carlsbad, CA, by Robt.W. Baird. Introd.in 1933. Chance seedling of a Guatemalan type; selected in 1928. Fruit: 10 to 14 oz; pyriform; skin green, pebbled, leathery; flavor fair to good, oil content 15.3%; seed large, 2 1/4oz; season April to June. Now obsolete. (B&O Register)
BAKER(W.I.) Tree originated on Z.I. Baker place, Ojus, FL. Fruit season Oct.-Jan.; color, yellowish green; size, large; shape, broadly pyriform; skin, smooth to undulating. Seed size, small. (Variety obsolete) (CAS Yearbook 1950) Origin: Florida, Race: W.I.,Flowering group: A (Lahav & Gazit)
BALBOA(Hybrid) Tree originated on Balboa Island, Newport Beach, CA. Ovate fruit, 7-27 oz. Black skin is smooth, pit; very small to large, light yellow blended to light green flesh of medium taste quality. B blossom type, season; June-July. 2 trees are growing at South Coast Research Station, Irvine, CA, field 44, row 10, tree#19 &20. (J.R. Frink 1998)
BALDWIN(W.I.) P.I.12933 & 13729 Tree originated at Miami, FL. Named for owner. Fruit season Aug.-Sept.; color, green; shape, oblong; skin, smooth. Seed, large. Now grown in Philippines. (CAS Yearbook 1950) Origin: Florida, Race: West Indian, Flowering group A (Lahav & Gazit)
BALLSomeone was asking about this variety. They said it was grown in Carlsbad. I have never heard of it. JRF
BANANA LYONFruit color, yellowish green; weight, 15 ozs.; shape, oblong; flavor, good. Seed, 2 ozs. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
BANNERTree originated on C.W.Paine place, San Fernando, CA. Fruit season, Jan.; color, green; weight, 8 ozs.; shape, pyriform. Seed, medium size. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
BANNERTONTree originated from seed of Banner & Mex. by A.R.Rideout, Whittier, CA. Fruit: season, Jan.-Mar.; color, black; weight, 14 ozs.; shape, oblong. Seed, medium size. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
BANNON(Mex.) Regist. 1950 Originated 1946 at Altadena, CA. on the place of Thomas C. Bannon as a seedling of Rockwood. Tree tall, slender & vigorous. Hardy. Fruit season, Oct.-Dec.; color, black; weight, 4 ozs.; shape ovoid; skin, thin & smooth, flavor, good plus; oil, 14.80%. Seed, 2 3/4 ozs. (CAS Yearbook 1950) Orig. in Altadena,CA, by Thomas C. Bannon. Introd. in 1950. Open-pollinated seedling of Rochwood; discovered in 1946. Fruit: small, 4 oz; ovoid; skin black, thin, smooth; flavor good, oil content 14.8%; seed large, 2 3/4 oz; season Oct.-Dec. Tree: hardy; vigorous; tall, slender. (B&O Register)
BARKER(W.I.) Tree originated at Bradentown, FL. Largest tree in state in 1918. Resistance to frost, not killed 1898; shape 65 feet tall & 35 food spread. Fruit, season Oct.-Dec.; color, green; weight, 1 to 3 lbs; shape, resembles Pollock. (CAS Yearbook 1950) Origin: Florida, Race: West Indian, Flowering group: A. (Lahav & Gazit)
BARTLETT(W.I.) P.I.40978 Buds introduced 1915 by F.W.Popenoe from Placetas, Cuba. Fruit season, 2 seasons at Placetas July, Aug. & Dec. Color, green; size, 4" long & 3" broad; shape, broadly pyriform; skin, smooth, seed, size medium. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
BARTLEY(Guat) Tree originated from seed planted about 1907 by J.H. Northrop near Tustin, CA. & later owned by Bartley Bros. Fruit season, Mar.-May; color, green; weight, 32 ozs; shape, oblong; skin. rough. Seed size. medium. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
BASKERVILLE(W.I.) Tree originated in Hawaii. Fruit season, July; color, green; weight, 18 ozs; shape, pyriform necked; skin, smooth; flavor, pleasant, nutty. Seed, size medium. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
BATAB(Guat.) P.I.43487 Buds introduced 1916 by F.W.Popenoe from San Lucas, Guat. Fruit season late Oct. at San Lucas; color, dull green; weight 16 ozs.; shape, oblong; skin, slightly rough. Seed size, medium to large. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
BATANGAS(W.I.) Syn. Cardinal.No.2 Tree originated from seed planted Sept.1928 by Mrs. Aurelie Torres St. Tomas, Batagas, Phil. Production regular. Fruit season, July, Sept. Color, light green turning to bright maroon with greenish yellow stripes; weight 15 ozs.; shape, bottle necked; skin, smooth & glossy; flavor, fine quality. Seed, weight 1.25ozs.; med. loose in cavity; seed coats easily removed. 500 trees budded & planted. (CAS Yearbook 1950) Orig. in Batangas, Phil., by Mrs. Aurlie Torres, St. Thomas.Introd. there about 1935; imported into the U.S. about 1947. Chance seedling, West Ind. type; seed planted in 1928. Fruit:15 oz; shape bottle necked; skin light green, turning to a bright maroon with greenish-yellow stripes,glossy, smooth; quality fine; seed 1.25oz medium loose in cavity; season July-Sept. No longer propagated in U.S. (B&O Register)
BEACH'S CHOICE(W.I.) Tree originated by John B. Beach, West Palm Beach, Fl. Fruit season Sept. Oct. Color, green; weight, 1 to 2 lbs.; shape, pyriform. Not now propagated. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
BEARDSLEE(Guat.) Syn. Ables Tree originated from seed of Macdonald planted 1911 by L.C. Ables in Honolulu, HI. First known as Ables but renamed for man who brought the seed of parent tree into HI. Illus. & described HI Agr. Exper. Sta. Bul. 51. One of important commercial varieties in HI. Fruit season, fall to early winter; color, purple; weight, 24-40 ozs.; shape, oval to pyriform; skin, rought; flavor, rich. Seed size, small. (CAS Yearbook 1950) A (B) flowering type (Lahav & Gazit) I suspect this means that there is some question as to blossom type. Either their references didn't agree or this is one of those varieties on a cycle that makes typing very difficult. (J.R.Frink)
BEAUTY(Guat.) Tree originated from seed planted 1902, C.P.Taft place, Orange, CA. Fruit season, May to Sept.; color, green; weight, 16 ozs.; shape, obovoid; skin, slightly rough. Seed size, medium. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
BEAVERSRegistered 1953 (CAS Yearbook 1956)
BEEBE(Hybrid) Large tree produces heavy crops of green pear shape, 12-19 oz. pebbly fruit. Blossom type B, seed size, medium, difficult to peel, thick skin, average flavor, late spring - early summer season. One tree at South Coast Research Station, Irvine, CA.,field 44, row 8, tree 23. (J.R. Frink 1998)
BELIZEA flowering group (Lehav & Gazit)
BENDERA flowering group (Lehav & Gazit)
BENEDICT(Mex.) Tree originated from seed planted 1912 at Sunnyslope Nursery, Bangor, Butte County, CA. Parent tree dead. Production: tree prolific; resistance to adverse weather, to frost & wind, suited to interior districts. Fruit season, Sept.-Oct.: color, black; weight, 6-8 ozs.; shape, pyriform to obovoid, oblique; skin, smooth & glossy; flavor, good; oil content 15%. Seed size, small. (CAS Yearbook 1950) Orig. in Bangor, Butte County, CA, by "Duke" Hornung.Introd. in late 1920s. Chance seedling; originated in same planting as did Duke; Mex. type; seed imported 1912, apparently from Mex., by a Mr. Benedict for Sunnyslope Avocado Nursery, Bangor; following abandonment of this nursery, Hornung purchases the area, noted the seedlings, selected several; from one of these came Benedict, being selected in 1924 by Hornung; evaluated 1924 & later by J. Eliot Coit, Vista, CA. Fruit: size med., 6-8oz; pyriform to obovoid; skin black, smooth, glossy; flavor good, oil content 15%; seed small; ripens during Sept. & Oct. Tree: productive; quite hardy; resistant to wind damage; adapted to hot southern CA. interior valleys. Now obsolete. (B&O Register)
BENIK(Guat.) P.I.44626 Tree introduced 1917 by F.W.Popenoe USDA from Antigua, Guat. Parent tree illustrated & described USDA Bul 743. Fruit season, Apr.-Aug.; color, maroon purple; weight 12-16 ozs.; shape, pyriform to elliptical; skin, rough, med. thick; flavor, good & quality high; oil content,16%. Seed, med., near round. Being propagated in HI.(CAS Yearbook1950) Orig.in the finca La Polvora, Antigua, Guat. Imported into the U.S. in 1917 by Wilson Popenoe, U.S.D.A. as P.I. 44626. Introd.1924 in the U.S. Fruit:very large, about 20oz; broadly obovoid to pyriform; skin purplish-maroon, thin, pebbled,somewhat pliable,very attractive; flesh yellow, free from discoloration, flavor rich & pleasant, quality very good; seed size medium,3 oz, tight in cavity; ripens in midseason.Tree: vigorous; branchlets rather short; bears well. Flowering group A. Not grown commercially. (B&O Register) (introduced from Guat.to CA in 1917 & from CA into IS in 1934) pear-shaped; med.-lg.; skin rough, purple, med.-thick; flesh of good quality, 15 to 24% oil; seed nearly round, med. Season: Apr. to Aug. in CA.; Jan to Mar. in IS; July & Aug. in Queensland. The tree begins to bear late & yields only about 116 lbs (53kg) per year.Color is not popular on the market.Not grown in FL. (J.Morton)
BENLEE(W.I.) Tree originated Honolulu, Hawaii. Fruit season, July, Aug.; color, dark maroon; weight, 16-24 ozs.; shape, ovoid oblong; skin, smooth; flavor, fair. Seed. loose, packed in wrinkled seed coat. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
BERGER(W.I.) Tree originated at Honolulu, Hawaii. Fruit color, dark purple; weight 16-24 ozs.; shape, ovoid oblong; skin, smooth; flavor, quality good but inclined to dryness. Seed size, small, loose. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
BERNARD(Guat.) Regist. 1934 Originated 1927 at Brentwood Heights, CA on place of H.C.Oakley. Fruit season June-Aug.; color, dark purple; weight, 15 ozs.; shape, pyriform; skin medium, thick; flavor, good plus; oil, 23.1%; Seed 2 1/2 ozs. (CAS Yearbook 1950) Orig. in Brentwood Heights, CA, by H.C. Oakley. Introd. in 1934. Chance seedling discovered in 1927; Guat. type. Fruit: 15 oz;pyriform; skin dark purple, thick; flavor very good, oil content 23.1%; seed 2 1/2 oz; season June to August. Now obsolete. (B&O Register)
BERNHARDTOrig. in Santa Paula, CA, by Edwin C. Bernhardt, Foothill Avocado Nursery. Introd. in 1964. Plant patent 2403; 12 May 1964. Fuerte x seedling of Irving; cross made in 1954; Mex. type. Fruit: medium to small, 7 to 9 oz; pyriform, 3 1/2 to 5 in. long. 1 3/4 to 2 inches in diam.; skin green, slightly pebbled, leathery, tough, peels easily; flesh light yellow, firm, consistency butter-like, slightly milder than Fuerte, flavor very good; seed small, not adhering to flesh; stores well; ripens in fall (mid-Oct. to end of Nov.), resembles Fuerte. Tree: upright; blooms in Feb. & Mar. Now obsolete (B&O Register)
BERTEVA(Guat.) Registered 1933. Originated 1930 at Carlsbad, CA from seed of Dickinson on place of B.E. Wood. Fruit season, May-June; color, green; weight, 15ozs.; shape, pyriform; skin thick; flavor, good minus, oil 17.85%. Seed, 1 1/2 ozs. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
BESSIE
BETAB flowering group (Lehav & Gazit)
BICKNELL(Hyb.) Tree originated as seedling in yard of Dr. Henry Bicknell, Honolulu, HI. Propagated 1930. Fruit color, dark purple; weight 15-18 ozs.; shape roundish to obovoid; skin, thin, tough & slightly rough; flavor, excellent, slightly sweetish. Seed, medium. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
BIG BEAUTYCan be found at South Coast Field Station, Irvine, CA. field 46. (J.R. Frink 1998)
BILLINGSLEY(Guat.) Tree originated about 1898 on Ray Billingsley place, Villa Park, CA. Fruit season, March-June; color, light green; weight, 10-16 ozs.; shape, pyriform to oval. Seed, medium. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
BISCAYNEOrig. in Miami, Fla., by the U.S. Plant Introd. Sta. Introd. in 1951. Open-pollinated seedling of a West Indian type tree; selected about 1945. Fruit: large; skin greenish-yellow, apparently too much so for commercial purposes; ripens in late August. Tree: weak. Not propagated commercially. (B&O Register)
BISHOP(Guat.) Registered 1950 Originated 1940 at the Bishop Ranch, Goleta, CA. Large tree. Hardiness not known. Fruit season, Apr.-June; color, light green; weight, 10 1/2ozs.; shape, pyriform; skin, smooth, peels from flesh; flavor, excellent minus; oil, 16.50%; keeping quality, good. Seed, 2 ozs. (CAS Yearbook 1950) One tree growing at South Coast Field Station, Irvine, CA., field 46, row 57, tree 9. (J.Frink 1998)
BITTETree originated on place of Seymour Dane, Redland, FL. prior to 1912. Propagated in 1920. Since 1930 commercially on small scale. Production, bears heavily. Fruit season, Oct.-Nov.; color, green; size, med. large; shape, obovate; skin, smooth, leathery. Seed, medium, tight. Fruit ships well.(CAS Yearbook 1950) Orig. in Redland, FL, by Seymour Dane. Introd.1930. Chance seedling discovered before 1912; West Indian type. Fruit: size medium; obovate; skin green, smooth, leathery; seed size medium, tight in cavity; season Oct. & Nov. Tree: bears heavily. Flowering group B. Now obsolete. (B&O Register)
BLACK LA CRUZ
BLACK PRINCEOrig. in Homestead, FL., by Issac Lasso. Introd. in 1950. Parentage unknown. Fruit: 16 to 32 oz, skin medium thick, leathery, granular; flesh bright yellow; seed small, tight in cavity; season Aug.-Sept. Major commercial cultivar in Florida. (B&O Register)
BLACKBIRD(Mex.) Tree originated on place of A.R.Rideout, Whittier, CA. Fruit season, Sept.; color, black; size, medium; shape, oblong; skin, glossy. Seed size medium, loose. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
BLACKMAN(W.I.) P.I. 26701 Tree buds received 1907 by USDA from Rev. E.V.Blackman, Miami, FL. Fruit season Sept.; color, greenish red to chocolate; size, medium to large; shape, spherical; skin, thick & leathery. Seed, medium. Obsolete. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
BLAIR(Guat.) Tree originated on place of J.R.Hickson, Naranja, FL from seed of Taylor variety planted in 1926. Fruited in 1933. Top-worked to some extent in Redland orchards since 1935. Nursery propagated 1939. Bearing habit good. Fruit season Dec.-Jan.; color, green; size, medium; shape, obovate. Not greatly subject to scabs although it resembles Lula. (CAS Yearbook 1950) Orig. in Naranja, FL, by J.R. Hickson. Introd. in 1939. Open-pollinated seedling of Taylor; Guat. type. Fruit: medium; obovate; skin green; not greatly subject to scab; resembles Lula; season Dec. & Jan. Tree: bears regularly. Minor commercial cultivar in Florida. (B&O Register) Flowering group B (Lahav & Gazit)
BLAKE(Mex.) Tree originated about 1903, 34 Waverly Dr., Pasadena, CA. Propagated 1910. Resistance, very hardy. Fruit season, Oct.-Dec.; color, light green; weight, 4-7 ozs.; shape, slender pyriform; skin, smooth; oil content 23.5%. Seed, medium size. Fruit subject to decay on tree. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
BLAKEMAN(Guat.) P.I.39373 Syn. Dickey No 2 Tree originated 1907 from seed brought from Atlixco, Mex. by Juan Murrieta & planted by Mr.Habersham at head of La Brea Ave., Hollywood,CA. Place later owned by E.W.Dickey. Named for Mrs. Dickey. Propagated 1912. Propagated 1912. Fruit season, Mar.-July; color, dark green; weight, 12-20 ozs.; shape, oblique pyriform; skin, nearly smooth; oil content 13%. Seed, small to medium. A poor market fruit. (CAS Yearbook 1950) Flowering group A (Lehav & Gazit)
BLUEBIRD(Mex.) Tree originated on A.R.Rideout place, Whittier, CA. Fruit season, Oct.; color, purple; shape, elongated pyriform. Seed, medium. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
BOLEY(Hybrid) Regist. 1945.(CAS Yearbook 1950) Orig. in Highlands, CA, by J.D.Boley. Introd.1945. Chance seedling, Mex.-Guat. hybrid type; discovered about 1930. Fruit: 9 -12 oz; pyriform; skin green, smooth, leathery; flavor rich. A vigorous seedling, which grew well and produced fruit; trees subsequently budded or grafted have failed to produce well; limbs characteristically appear to be fascinated on many trees. Now obsolete. (B&O Register) Orig. at Highlands, CA., by J.D.Doley. Fruit season, Dec.-Apr. Color, dark green. Weight, 12 ozs. Skin, smooth, leathery & peels. Flavor, rich, Oil, 15.03%, Keeping quality good. Seed, 1 oz. (CAS Yearbook 1956)
BON(Guat.) Tree originated 1908 at Honolulu, probably from seed of MacDonald variety. Fruit season Nov.-Dec.; color, green; weight, 23 ozs.; shape, oval; skin, smooth, glossy. Seed size, large. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
BONDOSOOrig. in Vista, Calif., by Paul L. Kovach. Introd. in 1952. Chance seedling; selected in 1950. Fruit: averages 8 to 12 oz; pyriform; skin green, smooth; flavor good; oil content medium ripens the last of oct.; seed 1/2 oz. Tree: size medium; upright; bears well. Now obsolete. (B&O Register)
BONITA (CA)(Guat.) Regist. 1939 (CAS Yearbook, 1950) Orig. in Santa Barbara, Ca., by Horace F. Pierce at the Vista del Mundo Ranch. Introd. in 1939. Chance seedling, Guat. type. Fruit: 13oz; skin green, peels easily from flesh; flavor good, oil content 18.5%; season 1 Sept.; seed 2 1/2 oz. Now obsolete. (B&O Register) Originated on Vista Del Mundo Ranch of Dr. Horace F. Pierce at Santa barbara, CA., fruit color, green. Weight, 13 ozs. Skin, peels from flesh. Flavor, good minus. Oil, 18.56%, Sept. 5. Seed 2 1/2 ozs. Registered 1939. (CAS Yearbook 1956) One tree growing at South Coast Research Station, Irvine, CA, field 46, row 57, tree #6. (J.R.Frink 1998) B flowering group (Lahav & Gazit)
BONITA (FL)Tree orig. in orchard of C.Sartini near Redland, FL from seed planted 1925. Fruited first in 1932. Top-worked in commercial orchards since 1936. Fruit season Dec.-Jan; color, green; wt,16-24 ozs.;shape, obovate, flattened on one side like Waldin;skin,slightly roughened, leathery;oil content,8-10 %. Seed, med. size.(CAS Yearbook 1950) Orig. in Homestead, FL, by C.Santini. Introd.1936. Parentage unknown; selected in 1930. Fruit: med.-lg; obovate; skin green; not considered promising for northern U.S.'s markets but sells well locally; season Dec.&Jan. Tree bears heavily. Flower group B. Now obsolete. (B&O Register) Guat. race. Flower group A (B) (Lahav & Gazit)(seed planted in FL in 1925); obovate, slightly flattened on one side; of med. size; skin slightly rough; flesh contains 8-10%oil; seed of med.size. Season:late (Dec. & Jan.) Hardy in CA.(J.Morton 1987)
BOOTH 1Tree origin & history same as Booth 7. Production, a heavy bearing variety. Top- worked in several orchards,but not recommended because of very lg. seed & poor quality. Fruit season, Dec.-Jan.; color, dark green; wt.16-24 ozs.; shape, rounded obovate;skin, nearly smooth, glossy, med.thick &brittle;oil content 8-12%; flesh light yellow. Seed large & loose.(CAS Yearbook 1950) Orig. in Homestead, FL, by Will Booth, as a seedling of an unknown Guat. parent in a mixed planting of Guat. & West Ind. avocados; propagated commercially in 1935. Fruit: rounded obovate, med. lg.,16-24 oz; skin nearly smooth, glossy dark green, med.-thick & brittle; flesh light yellow, of fair quality, oil content 8%-12%; seed lg & loose in cavity; season late, Dec.-Jan. Tree moderately vigorous & a heavy bearer. Flower group A. Minor commercial cultivar in FL. (B&O Register) (seed planted in FL in 1920); round-obovate; med.-lg;skin almost smooth, med.thick,brittle;flesh pale, 8-12% oil; seed lg.&loose; Season:late (Dec.&Jan.). The tree is a heavy bearer but the fruit is of poor quality & the seed is too big.(J.Morton 1987)
BOOTH 10Orig. in Homestead, Fla., by William Booth. Introd. about 1935. Parentage unknown. Fruit: medium large, 16 to 24 oz: skin green, slightly rugose, glossy, thick, very granular, separates readily from flesh, lenticels numerous and light green; flesh yellow, green next to skin; seed tight in cavity; season Oct. & Nov. Flowering group B. (B&O Register)
BOOTH 2 (Acme)(Guat.x W.I.)Syn. Acme Tree originated in orchard of Will Booth, Homestead,FL, as a seedling of unknown Guat. parent from tree in mixed planting of Guat. & W.I. Varieties. Seed planted in 1920. Fruited first in 1927. Fruit season, Feb.-Mar.; color, green; weight 1 lb.; shape obovate-round. (CAS Yearbook 1950) Orig. in Homestead, FL, by William Booth. Introd. about 1940. Chance seedling of a Guatemalan type arising in a mixed planting of Guatemalan and West Indian types; seed planted in 1920; first fruited in 1927. Fruit: averages 1 lb; obovate to round; skin green; season Feb.&Mar. Flowering group B. (B&O Register)
BOOTH 3(Guat. x W.I.) Tree originated 1920 in seedling orchard of Will Booth, Homestead, FL. Fruit season, Jan; color, dark green; weight, 12-14 ozs.; shape, rounded obovoid; skin, glossy, nearly smooth & quite thick; oil content 10-12 %.Seed, medium size. (CAS Yearbook 1950) Orig. in Homestead, FL, by William Booth. Introd. in 1940. Open-pollinated seedling of a Guat. type (probably crossed to a West Ind. type); selected in 1927. Fruit:12 -14 oz; rounded obovoid; skin dark green, glossy, nearly smooth, quite thick; oil content 10%-12%; quality good; seed size medium; season Dec. & Jan. Tree: resembles Booth 7; bears heavily; flowering group B. (B&O Register)
BOOTH 5(Guat. x W.I.) Tree same origin as Booth No. 2 FL. Fruit season, Dec.; color, green; weight, 1 lb. Shape obovate. (CAS Yearbook 1950) Orig. in Homestead, FL by William Booth. Introd. about 1940. Chance seedling of a Guat. type arising in a mixed planting of Guat. & West Indian types; seed planted in 1920; first fruited in 1927. Fruit: averages 16 oz; obovate; skin green; season Dec. Flowering group B. Major commercial cultivar in Florida. (B&O Register)
BOOTH 7(Guat. x W.I) (CAS Yearbook 1950) Orig.Homestead, FL, by William Booth. Introd. 1935. Open-pollinated seedling of Guat. type (probably crossed with West Ind. type);selected in 1927. Fruit:10-20 oz; round-obovate; skin green, glossy, thick, slightly pebbled; oil content10%-14%; seed size med.;season Nov.- Jan. Tree: bears prolifically; flower group B. Major commercial cultivar in FL.(B&O Register) Tree originated 1920 in seedling orchard of Will Booth, Homestead, FL. Production, fairly heavy bearing.Not propagated commercially. Fruit season, Dec. Color, green. Wt,10-20 ozs.Shape, rounded obovoid. Skin, glossy, slightly pebbled & thick. Oil content,10-14%. Seed, med. size.(CAS Yearbook 1956)(seed planted in FL in 1920; propagated commercially in 1935); round-obovate; of med. size; skin slightly rough, thick, brittle; flesh contains 7-14% oil; seed of med. size, tight. Season: late (Dec. to mid-Jan.). The fruit is commercially popular & the tree is a good bearer. (J.Morton 1987)
BOOTH 8(Guat. x W.I.) (CAS Yearbook 1950)Orig.Homestead, FL, by William Booth. Introd. 1935. Open-pollinated seedling of Guat. type (probably crossed with West Indian type); selected in 1927. Fruit: med.,14 -18oz; oblong ovate, similar to Hickson; skin dull green, rough, thick; oil content 6%-8%; seed med. lg.; marketing season Nov.&Dec. Tree:very prolific bearer:flower group B. Major commercial cultivar in FL.(B&O Register)Tree orig.1920 in seedling orchard of Will Booth, Homestead, FL. Propagated 1935. Production, a heavy bearer. Fruit season, Nov. Color, dull green. Wt.,14-28 ozs. Skin, rough, thick. Oil content, 6-8%. Seed, med. lg. (CAS Yearbook 1956) (seed planted in FL in 1920); oblong-obovate; med.-lg.;skin slightly rough,fairly thick, brittle; flesh contains 6-12%oil; seed med.-lg.tight. Season:late (Nov.to mid-Dec.). Popular commercially & the tree is a heavy bearer.(J.Morton 1987)
BORREGOFlowering group A (Lahav & Gazit)
BOUNTIFUL(Guat. x W.I.) Tree originated by W.J. Cooper, Hauula, Oahu, HI; fruited 1928. Fruit season, Dec.;color, greenish yellow; weight,32 ozs.;shape, nearly spherical; skin, medium to thick; flavor, very good. Seed weight 4 1/2 ozs. Still propagated in Hawaii. (CAS yearbook 1950)
BRADBURY Guat(Guat.) Tree originated at Bradbury place, Azusa, CA. Fruit season, April; color, green; size, large. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
BRADFORD(Mex.) Registered 1932 Original tree removed. Originated 1926 at Carlsbad, CA on place of J.H.Bradford. Fruit color, green; weight, 12 ozs.; shape pyriform; skin, thin; flavor, fair plus, oil, 15%. Seed, 1 3/4 ozs. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
BRIGHAM(W.I.) Tree originated at Honolulu, HI. Fruit color, green; weight, 16-24 ozs.; shape, pyriform; skin, smooth. Seed, large size. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
BRODIA(Guat.) Tree originated from seed planted about 1902 by C.P.Taft of Orange, CA. Fruit season, May; color, green; weight, 16 ozs.; shape, pyriform; skin, rough;. Seed, medium size. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
BROGDONOrig. in Winter Haven, FL, by Tom W. Brogdon. Introd. in 1951. Parentage unknown; discovered in late 1930s; tested by Univ. of Florida, Sub-Tropical Expt. Stal, as PI 4761; Mexican race. Fruit: 7 to 20 oz; somewhat pear shaped; skin purple, very thin; susceptible to handling injury; flesh yellow, buttery; ripens late July to Aug. Tree: small to medium; vigor moderate; productivity low; very hardy; susceptible to anthracnose; recommended for central Florida. (B&O Register) Flowering group B (Lahav & Gazit)
BROMLEY(W.I.) Originated before 1918 at Honolulu, HI. Fruit color, purple; weight, 1 1/2 to 2 1/2 lbs; shape, pyriform, crook-necked; quality, poor; skin, smooth. Seed, medium size. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
BROOKSOrigin, Florida; Race, Guatemalan; Flowering group A (Lahav & Gazit)
BROOKSLATEOrigin, Florida; Flowering group, A (Lahav & Gazit)
BROOKSVILLEFlowering group A (Lahav & Gazit)
BUDDINGTON(Guat.) Tree originated on place of Mrs. Buddington, 776 New Depot St., Los Angeles. Said to have been planted by J.C.Harvey. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
BUFFANDAU(W.I.) Tree originated in Hawaii. Fruit color, green; weight, 25 ozs.; shape, oval to oblong; quality, good. Seed, medium size. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
BURDETTERegistered by H.B. Hamilton, Upland, CA.,May 4, 1956. Front yard seedling, 18 years at registration. Unknown parentage. Central leader type, some spreading. Withstands 28 degree temp. Season: Mar. to May; Color: Green; Weight: 8 - 10 oz.; shape: pyriform; Skin: medium, thick; Flavor very good. (CAS Yearbook, 1956)
BUTLER(W.I.) P.I.26690 Tree originated 1904 at Miami, FL. Fruit season Aug., Sept.; color, light green; weight, 16-24 ozs.; shape, obovoid; skin, smooth. Seed, medium to large. (CAS Yearbook 1950) Origin, Florida; race, WI; Flowering group A (Lahav & Gazit)(A USDA selection in Florida; fruited in 1909, propagated from 1914 to 1918) pear-shaped; medium-large; skin smooth; seed of medium size, tight in the cavity. Season: Aug.-Sept. No longer grown in Florida. Cultivated in Puerto Rico.(J.Morton)
BUTTERCUP(Guat.) Tree originated on C.P.Taft place at Orange, CA as seedling of Murrieta. Fruit, season Mar.-May; color, dark green; weight, 16 ozs.; shape, oval. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
BUTTERNUT(Guat.) Tree introduced by E.G.Hart to Ferguson place, North Whittier Heights, CA. from Oaxaca, Mexico. Fruit season, Dec.-Mar.; color, dark red; weight 12 ozs.; shape, oval; skin, smooth & glossy. Seed, medium size. (CAS Yearbook 1950) Origin, Mexico; Race, Guatemalan; Flowering group, B (Lahav & Gazit)
BYARSOrig. in Homestead, FL, by E.C.Byars, Sr. Introd. in 1948. Open-pollinated seedling of Collinson; selected in 1932. Fruit: 16 to 40 oz; elliptical; skin slightly rugose, olive green, stippled with light green lenticels; flesh yellow with a wide green area next to skin; seed size medium, fairly tight in cavity; season Dec. to Feb.; resembles Collinson. Flowering group B. Obsolete. (B&O Register) Origin, Florida; Race, GxWI; Flowering group, B (Lahav & Gazit)
CABNAL(Guat.) P.I. 44782 Tree introduced 1917 by F.W.Popenoe USDA from Antigua, Guat. Difficult to propagate. Fruit season, May-Sept.; color, dark green; weight, 12-16 ozs.; shape, spherical; skin, rough, thick, hard shell; flavor rich. Seed, small in size. (CAS Yearbook 1950) Illustrated CAS Yearbook 1917: 134 (CAS Yearbook 1956) Origin, Guat; Race, Guat.; Flowering group B (Lahav & Gazit)
CABNAL(Guat.) P.I. 44782 Tree introduced 1917 by F.W.Popenoe USDA from Antigua, Guat. Difficult to propagate. Fruit season, May-Sept.; color, dark green; weight, 12-16 ozs.; shape, spherical; skin, rough, thick, hard shell; flavor rich. Seed, small in size. (CAS Yearbook 1950) Illustrated CAS Yearbook 1917: 134 (CAS Yearbook 1956) Origin, Guat; Race, Guat.; Flowering group B (Lahav & Gazit)
CADY(Guat.) Tree originated on place of L.D.Cady, 964 Menlo St., Los Angeles, CA. Fruit season, Nov. Mar.; color, green to dark maroon; weight, 8 ozs.; shape, pyriform; skin, slightly pebbled. Seed, large in size. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
CALABASE
CALABASH(Guat. x W.I.) Tree originated 1914 from intentional cross on Wilder tree, planted in yard of S.G.Wilder at Honolulu,HI. Fruit season, late fall or early winter; color, dull green to almost black; weight 16 ozs.; shape, almost oval narrowed at stem; skin slightly rough. Seed, medium to large. Described HI Agr. Exper. Sta. Bul.51.(CAS Yearbook 1950)
CALI POLI 5(=CPK5) Origin CA; Flowering group A (Lahav & Gazit)
CALIENTE(Mex.) Tree introduced by M.Garcia, Duarte, CA. from Mexico. Fruit season, Oct.-Dec.; color, deep mahogany-red; weight, 4-9 ozs.; shape, long pyriform, necked; skin, smooth, glossy; oil content, 18%. Seed medium, often loose. Marketability poor. (CAS Yearbook 1950) Orig. in Mexico. Introd. about 1948 into the U.S. by M. Garcia, Duarte, Calif. Chance seedling of Mexican type. Fruit: 4 to 9 oz: long pyriform, necked; skin deep mahogany red, smooth, glossy; flavor good, oil content, 18%; seed size medium, often loose in cavity; marketability poor; season Oct.- Dec. Now obsolete. (B&O Register)
CALIFORNIASyn. Wagner (CAS Yearbook 1950) Origin, CA, Race, Guat.; Flowering group A (Lahav & Gazet)
CALIFORNIA TRAPPSyn. of Verde (CAS Yearbook 1950)
CALMAYO(Mex) Regist. 1943 Originated at Pyle Ranch, Crescent Drive, Carlsbad, CA., by John R. Howe. Fruit season, Oct.-Jan.; color, dark green; weight, 8 ozs.; quality, good; oil, 13.74% Seed 2 ozs. (CAS Yearbook 1950) Orig. in Carlsbad, Calif., by John R. Howe at the Pyle Ranch. Introd. in 1943. Chance seedling of Mexican type. Fruit: 8 oz; skin dark green; quality good, oil content 13.7%; seed 2 oz; season Oct.- Jan. No longer propagated. (B&O Register)
CAMEL(Guat) Tree originated about 1922 by A.R.Rideout, Whittier, CA. Fruit season, May-July; color, green; weight, 12-16 ozs.; shape, elongated oval; skin, thick, rough & pebbly; flavor, very good, tendency of flesh to darken next to seed. Seed, large, 3 1/2 ozs., often loose. (CAS Yearbook 1950) Orig. in Whittier, Calif. by A.R. Rideout. Introd. about 1925. Chance seedling of Guatemalan type; selected in 1922. Fruit: 12 to 16 oz; elongated oval; skin green, rough and pebbly, thick; flavor very good, tendency to darken next to seed; seed large 3 1/2 oz, often loose in cavity; season May to July. Now obsolete. (B&O Register)
CAMPBELL(W.I.) Tree originated in Hawaii. Fruit season, summer & early fall; color, dark purple; weight 1 1/2 to 3 lbs.; shape, oval to oblong; quality very good. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
CAMPEON
CANAAN(=Kanan) Origin, Puerto Rico; Race, Guatemalan; Flowering group A (Lahav & Gazit)
CANDELARIAOrigin, probably Puerto Rico, Flowering group A (Lahav & Gazit)
CANTEL(Guat.) P.I. 44783 Tree introduced 197 by F.W.Popenoe USDA from Antigua, Guat. Fruit season, Aug.-Sept.; color, green; weight, 16 ozs; shape spherical; skin, pebbled, hard, thick shell. Seed, very small. (CAS Yearbook 1950) Origin Guatemalan; Race, Guatemalan; Flowering group A (Lahav & Gazit)
CANTO(Guat.) Tree introduced 1911 from Atlixco, Mex. by West India Gardens, Altadena, CA. Fruit color, yellowish green; weight, 16 ozs.; shape, obovoid; skin, slightly rough. Seed, small. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
CANYADA(Mex.) Tree introduced 1911 by West India Gardens, Altadena, CA. from Canyada, Mex. Fruit season, Sept.-Oct.; color, black; size, large; shape, oval to pyriform; flavor, rich. Seed, medium. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
CAPAC(Mex.) P.I. 53895-54276 Tree introduced 1921 by F.W.Popenoe USDA from Chota Valley, Ecuador. Fruit season, Oct.; color, purplish black; weight, 9 ozs.; shape, oblong, pyriform, skin glossy; fibre, considerable. Seed, medium, loose. (CAS Yearbook 1950) Origin, Ecuador; Race, Mexican; Flowering group, A (Lahav & Gazit)
CARABAS(Guat.) Tree introduced about 1915 as budded tree from Mexico by Ernest Rivers, Monrovia, CA. Production, shy bearer. Fruit season, May-June; color, green; weight, 16 ozs.; flavor & quality excellent. Seed, medium in size. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
CARCH
CARCHI(Mex.) P.I.53185 Tree introduced 1921 as buds by F.W.Popenoe USDA from San Vicente, Equador. Fruit season, Jan.-Mar. in Ecuador; color, dull purple; weight, 8 ozs.; shape, oblate. Seed, large oblate. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
CARDINAL(W.I.) Tree originated in Florida. Young foliage crimson. Now grown in Philippines. Fruit season, Sept. in Fl.; color, red mottled with yellow; shape, pyriform. Seed, small in size. (CAS Yearbook 1950) Origin, Florida; Race, W.I; Flowering group B (Lahav & Gazit)
CARDOFlowering group A (Lahav & Gazit)
CARIBOT
CARIBOU(Guat.) Tree originated 1916 at W.A. Spink's place, Duarte, CA. Fruit season, Mar.-Aug.; color, green; weight, 12 ozs.; shape, oblique, spherical; skin, slightly rough & glossy. Seed, medium. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
CARLOS(Hybrid) Regist. 1944 Originated at Villa Park, CA. by C.S. Crawford. Fruit, June-Sept.; color olive green; weight 8 3/4 ozs.; shape, pyriform; flavor, good minus; oil, 19.20%, keeping quality good. Seed. 1 oz. (CAS Yearbook 1950) Orig. in Villa Park, Calif., by Carl S. Crawford. Introd. in 1950. Chance seedling discovered in 1944. Fruit: averages 8 3/4 oz; pyriform; skin olive green; flavor quite good, oil content averages. 19.2%; keeps well; seed averages 1 oz; ripens during June into Sept. Now obsolete. (B&O Register) Registered 1944 (CAS Yearbook 1956)
CARLSBAD(Guat.) syn. Stephens No. 2 at Montebello Tree introduced 1912 from Mexico by A.R.Rideout & W.D.Stephens. First fruited at Carlsbad. Prolific, regular bearer. Fruit season, Apr.-June; color, dark purple; weight 10-15 ozs.; shape, pyriform; skin, smooth, medium thick; flavor, very good; oil content 13.5%.Seed, medium size, variable, conical. Illus. in Yearbook, CAS 1927. (CAS Yearbook 1950) One tree is growing at South Coast Research Station, Field 46, row 57, tree 8. (J.R. Frink 1998) Origin Mex.; Race, Guat.; Flowering group A (Lahav & Gazit)
CARMEN(Mex.) Tree introduced 1911 by Carl Schmidt for West India Gardens, Altadena, CA from San Luis Potosi, Mex. Fruit color, purple; shape, pyriform. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
CAROLYN(Guat.) Originated at C.J. Daily place, near Camarillo,CA. from a Linda seed planted 1934. Hardy & consistent bearer. Fruit season, Sept.-Oct.; color, green; weight, 14 ozs.; shape, oval; skin, thick, pebbled; flavor, good. (CAS Yearbook 1950) Orig. in Camarillo, Calif., by C.J. Dailey. Introd. in 1941. Open-pollinated seedling of Linda planted in 1934. Fruit: 14 oz; oval; skin green, thick, pebbled; flavor good; season Sept. & Oct. Tree: consistent bearer; hardy. (B&O Register) Registered 1945 (CAS Yearbook 1956)
CARR (Alice Mirandi)(Mex.) Syn. Alice Mirandi Originated at ranch of Carr, Rivera,CA. Resistant to frost. Fruit season, Oct.; color, dark; weight, 4-7 ozs,; shape, oval to pyriform; skin, thin, smooth. Seed, medium. (CAS Yearbook 1950) Orig. in Rivera, Calif., by John Carr. Introd. about 1930. Chance seedling of Mexican type; discovered about 1925. Fruit: 4-7 oz; oval to pyriform; skin dark green, smooth, thin; flavor fair; seed size medium, sometimes used for production of seedlings for rootstock purposes; season Oct. Tree: upright; resistant to frost. Now obsolete.(B&O Register)
CARROLL(Guat.) Regist. 1932 Originated 1926 at Carlsbad, CA. from seed of Anaheim on place of G. Maltby. Fruit season, Mar.-Apr.; color, green; weight, 21 ozs.; shape, pyriform; skin, pebbled; flavor, good plus; oil, 21.7%. Seed, 4 ozs. (CAS Yearbook 1950) Orig. in Carlsbad, Calif., by G. Maltby. Introd. in 1932. Open-pollinated seedling of Anaheim; selected in 1926. Fruit: large, 21oz; pyriform; skin green, pebbled; flavor very good, oil content 21.7%; seed 4 oz; season March and April. Now obsolete.( B&O Register)
CARTERRegistered 1953 (CAS Yearbook 1956)
CARTON(Mex.) Tree originated 1907 from seed of large green fruit from Guadalajara, Mex. Owner P.F.Carton, San Fernando, CA. Fruit season, Oct.-Dec.; color, purple to black; weight, 6-8 ozs.; shape, oval to pyriform. Seed medium. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
CASE(Guat.) Tree originated in garden of D.H. Case, Wailuku, Maui, HI. as seedling of Kalna. Fruit season, Oct.-Mar.; color, dark green; weight, 16-18 ozs.; shape, long, pyriform, necked; skin, nearly smooth, glossy. Seed, small. Illus. & described HI. Agr. Exper. Sta. Bul 51.Still propagated in HI.(CAS Yearbook 1950) Orig. in Wailuku, Maui, HI, by D.H.Case. Introd. in 1922. Open-pollinated seedling of Dalna. Fruit: Guat.;15-20 oz; long, pyriform, slightly necked; skin dark green, glossy, nearly smooth, attractive; flesh mild, fiberless; seed medium; good quality & shelf life; ripens Jan.- March. Tree: dwarf. Recommended for low & medium elevations up to 2000 ft. (B&O Register) Origin,HI; Race,Guat.; Flower,B (Lahav & Gazit)
CASTANEROrigin, Puerto Rico?, Flowering group A (Lahav & Gazit)
CATALIRegistered 1947 (CAS Yarbook 1956)
CATALINAOrig. in Cuba. West Indian type. Fruit: large, 18 to 26 oz; skin light green, smooth, glossy, thick; seed small, loose in cavity. Flowering group A; minor commercial cultivar in Florida. (B&O Register) Origin, Cuba; Race, W.I.; Flowering group A (Lahav & Gazit)
CECIL(Hybrid) Regist. 1934 Originated 1929 at National City, CA. by Frank Dale. Fruit season, same as Fuerte; color, green; weight 7 1/2 ozs.; shape, pyriform; flavor, good minus; oil 23.9%. seed medium 16%.(CAS Yearbook 1950) Orig. in National City, Calif., by Frank Dale. Introd. in 1934. Chance seedling of (Guatemalan x West Indian hybrid type); discovered in 1929. Fruit: 7 1/2 oz; pyriform; skin green; flavor good, oil content 23.9%; seed size medium. Now obsolete.( B&O Register) Registered 1947 (CAS Yearbook 1956)
CEREZOOrigin, Mexico; Race, Mexican; Flowering group, B (Lahav & Gazit)
CHABIL(Guat.) P.I. 45564 Tree introduced 1917 by F.W.Popenoe USDA from Antigua, Guat. Fruit color, deep purple; weight, 9 ozs.; shape, spherical; skin, smooth. Seed, small. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
CHALLENGE(Guat) Tree originated as seed planted about 1898 at J.H.Walker place, 1547 Las Palmas Ave., Hollywood, CA by Mr. Sumner. Propagated 1912. Fruit season, Mar.-July; color, dark purple; weight, 14-24 ozs.; shape, obliquely spherical; skin, smooth, thick; quality, poor; oil content 14%. Seed, large, round & slightly pointed. Illus. Yearbook, CAS 1916. Analyses, CA. Agr. Exper. Sta. Bul. 365, revised. Shipping quality fair but variable in different districts. (CAS Yearbook 1950) Origin, California; Race, Guat.; Flowering group, A (Lahav & Gazit)
CHAMPIONRace, Guatemalan; Flowering group, B (Lahav & Gazit)
CHANGRace, Guat.; Flowering group, B (Lahav & Gazit)
CHAPALA(Guat.) Regist. 1944 Originated at Kovach orchard in Vista, CA. Fruit season, June-Aug.; color, green; weight, 12 ozs.; shape, pyriform, skin, smooth, medium thick, peels; flavor, good; oil 16.18 % Aug. 7. Seed 2 1/4 ozs. Tendency to discolor in seed cavity. (CAS Yearbook 1950) Orig. in Vista, Calif., by Paul L Kovach. Introd. in 1944. Chance seedling of Guatemalan type. Fruit: 12 oz; pyriform; skin green, smooth, medium thick, peels readily; flavor good, oil content 16.2%; seed 2 1/4 oz; season June to Aug. Now obsolete. (B&O Register) Registered 1944 (CAS Yearbook 1956)
CHAPOT(Nos. 42,43) Flowering group A (Lahav & Gazit)
CHAPPELOW(Mex.) P.I. 12934 Tree originated as seed received through USDA from near Monterrey, Mex. Planted 1893 by Wm. Chappelow near Monrovia, CA. Prop. about 1902. Fruit season, July-Oct.; color, dull purple; weight, 4-8 ozs.; shape, slender, pyriform; skin, smooth; oil content 23%. Seed large. Illus. in color USDA Yearbook in 1906. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
CHAPULTEPEC PARKOrigin, Mexico; Race, Mexican; Flowering group, B (Lahav & Gazit)
CHICAFlowering group B (Lahav & Gazit)
CHILAN(Guat.) P.I.43933 Tree introduced 1916 by F.W.Popenoe USDA from San Cristobal, Guat. Fruit season, in Guat. Oct.-Nov.; color, bright green; weight 8 ozs.; shape, pyriform; skin, nearly smooth. Seed, unusually small. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
CHILE(Guat.) Tree introduced 1911 from Chile by D.E.Clower, Monrovia, CA. Fruit color black; shape pyriform to oval. Seed, very large. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
CHISOY(Guat.) P.I. 43535 Tree introduced 1917 by F.W.Popenoe USDA from San Cristobal, Guat. Fruit season in Guat. Feb.-Apr.; color, bright green; weight 20-24 ozs.; shape, slightly pyriform to spherical; skin, pebbled. Seed. small to medium. (CAS Yearbook 1950) Illustrated in CAS Yearbook 1917: 123 (CAS Yearbook 1956) Origin, Guatemala; Race, Guatemalan; Flowering group B (Lahav & Gazit)
CHOICE(Guat.) Syn. Stephens Choice Tree introduced 1912 by Wm. Stephens, Montebello, CA from Atlixco, Mex. Fruit season May-Aug.; color, green; weight 16-20 ozs.; shape, slightly pyriform to spherical; skin, smooth. Seed. medium to large. (CAS Yearbook 1950) Origin, Mexico; Race, Guatemalan; Flowering group B (Lahav & Gazit)
CHOLULA
CHOQUETTE(Guat.x W.I.) Tree orig.on place of R.D.Choquette, Miami, FL from seed of unknown origin planted in Jan1929.Fruited first in 1934, propagated 1939. Heavy bearing. Fruit season Jan.-Mar.;color, dark green; weight 30-40 ozs.; shape oval; skin, nearly smooth, glossy & somewhat leathery; good quality; oil content 13%. Seed, med., tight in cavity. Fairly resistant to disease. Chiefly for home planting. Certified 1942.(CAS Yearbook 1950)Orig. in Miami, FL, by R.D. Choquette.Introd. 1939.Guat.xWest Ind. types;selected in1934 from seed sown in 1929.Fruit:30-40 oz;oval;skin nearly smooth, glossy, dark green, leathery; flesh thick, yellow; seed size med., tight in cavity; oil content 13%, quality very good; season Jan. to Mar. Tree: alternate bearing habit; resistant to common avocado diseases. Of major commercial importance in FL. Flower group A. (B&O Register) (orig. in Miami from seed planted in 1929; propagated in 1939); oval; lg.; skin glossy, smooth, slightly leathery; flesh of good quality, 13%oil; seed med. tight. Season: Jan.-Mar. Tree bears heavily in alternate yrs. (J.Morton 1987)
CHOTA(Mex.) P.I. 53184 & 54272 Tree introduced 1921 by F.W.Popenoe USDA from Chota Valley, Ecuador. Fruit season, Oct.; color, maroon to purple; weight, 10 ozs.; shape, oval or nearly spherical, Seed, small, loose. (CAS Yearbook 1950) Illustrated in CAS Yearbook 1921:38 (CAS Yearbook 1956)
CHRISTIE(Guat.) Tree originated as seedling of Royal on place of Mr. Christie, Christie Fiilm Co., Los Angeles, fruiting 1925. Fruit season, early; color, green; weight, 16 ozs.; skin rough. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
CHRISTINACan be found at South Coast Field Station, Irvine, CA. field 46. (J.R. Frink 1998)
CHRISTMAS GRANDE(W.I.) Tree mentioned in catalog of Indian River Nurseries, West Palm Beach,FL. 1925, as identical with Pollock but ripening 3 months later. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
CHRISTMAS RED(W.I.) Tree originated as seedling of Trapp in Florida. Fruit season, Nov.-Dec.; color, mahogany-red, shading to purple; shape, oval; quality excellent. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
CLARMAE(Guat.) Regist. 1932 Originated 1928 at South Coast Park, Encinitas, CA from Mayapan seed on place of Harvery W. Lamb. Fruit season March-May; color, purple to black; weight, 2 ozs.; shape, oval; flavor, good plus; oil 17.5%. Seed 3 ozs. (CAS Yearbook 1950) Registered 1932 (CAS Yearbook 1956)
CLIFTON(Mex.) Regist. 1937 Originated 1933 at Glendora, CA, as a seedling on place of C.B. Shoemaker. Fruit season, Oct.-Jan.; color, green; weight, 9 1/2 ozs.; shape, pyriform; flavor, good; oil, 18.8% Seed, 2 ozs. (CAS Yearbook 1950) Ovate, green fruit, smooth, thin, skin, large tree, poor quality fruit, fall ripening but is breaking down by November. Does not peel. B blossom type. One tree at South Coast Research Station, Irvine, CA. field 44, row 11, tree#23. (J.R.Frink 1998)
CLIFTON (M)(Clifton Monica) Orig. in Glendora, CA, by C.B.Shoemaker. Introd. about 1949. Chance seedling of Mex. type; discovered in 1933. Fruit: small, averaging 7 oz; oval; skin turns purplish-black at maturity; seed 2 oz; season Sept.- Dec. Tree: hardy; production fair; grown commercially in a small way in the inland areas of CA during the 1940s and 1950s. No longer propagated.(B&O Register) Origin, CA; Race, Mex.; Flowering group, B (Lahav & Gazit)
CLOTILDERegistered 1954 (CAS Yearbook 1956)
CLOWER(Guat.) Tree originated 1914 on place of T.H.Shedden, Monrovia, CA as a budded tree from D.E.Clower. Fruit season, May-June; color, green; shape, long pyriform; skin, rough. Seed, large. (CAS Yearbook 1950) Origin, CA; Race, Guat.; Flowering group, A (Lahav & Gazit)
COBAN(Guat.) P.I. 43932 Tree introduced 1916 by F.W.Popenoe USDA from Coban, Guat. Fruit color, deep green; weight, 15 ozs.; shape, pyriform; skin, slightly rough; flavor, rich. Seed, small. (CAS Yearbook 1950) Illustrated CAS Yearbook 1917:121 (CAS Yearbook 1956) Origin, Guat.; Race, Guat.; Flowering group, B (Lahav & Gazit)
COCKETT(Guat.) Hawaii Tree originated 1922 as seedling of case at place of Mrs. Pia Cockett, Wailuku, HI,fruit in 3rd year. Fruit season, fall; color, purplish; weight, 32 ozs.; shape, oval to pyriform; skin, undulated but smooth; flavor very good. seed, large. Illus. & described in HI Agr. Exper. Sta. Bul. 51. One of the important commercial varieties in Hawaii. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
COIT(Mex. x Guat.) Regist. 1939 Originated at Vista, CA on place of Dr. J. Eliot Coit. Fruit season, May, Aug.; color, green; weight 10-16 ozs.; shape, pyriform; skin, smooth; flavor, good; oil 15%. Seed, medium. (CAS Yearbook 1950) Orig. in Vista, CA, by J. Eliot Coit. Introd. in 1936. Guat.x Mex. types; registered with the Calif. Avocado Soc. in 1939. Fruit: skin light green, thin, smooth; pyriform; 10-16 oz; seed size medium; flavor good; oil content 15%; season May-1 Aug. (in Southern CA); resembles Fuerte. Tree: upright. No longer propagated. (B&O Register) Registered 1939 (CAS Yearbook 1956)
COLIMA(Guat.) Syn. Johnston No.5 Tree introduced 1912 by West India Gardens, Altadena, CA from Colima, Mex. Fruit season, Oct.-Nov.; color, light green with purple blush; shape, obovoid; skin, hard-shelled. Seed, medium. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
COLIN V 33Introduced into U.S. by Colin Sanchez from Mexico. Trees are small and compact. (Hybrid) Extremely beautiful shiny leaved tree with 14-20 oz fruit. Pear shaped, med. thin skin, green hard & soft, produces well, spring ripening time. B blossom type, notable for scent that attracts more bees than most other varieties. Tree is small and compact. Fruit is very attractive but is only medium in flavor. 2 trees at South Coast Research Station, Irvine, CA, field 44, Row VIII, trees 25 & 26 (J.R.Frink 1998) Origin, Mex.; Race, MxG; Flowering group, B (Lahav & Gazit)
COLINREDTree grows at South Coast Research Station, Irvine, Ca., field 46, Row 57, tree 10. (J,R.Frink 1998)
COLLA(Guat.) P.I. 19058 Tree introduced 1906 as seed by G.N. Collins USDA from Guat. Fruit season, Jan.-Feb. FL; color, dark green; weight, 6-12 ozs.; shape, spherical; skin, thick hard shell. (CAS Yearbook 1950) Origin, Guat.; Race, Guat.; Flowering group, B (Lahav & Gazit)
COLLASON(Guat. x W.I.) Tree originated as cross with Colla at Miami, FL (CAS Yearbook 1950) (Nos. 1,2,3) Origin FL; Race, GxWI; Flowering group A (Lahav & Gazit)
COLLINRED(Guat. x W.I.) P.I. 62376 Tree originated 1916 at U.S. Plant Introduction gardens, Miami, FL as seedling of Collins&a sister of Collinson. Fruit season Oct.15-Nov.; color, dark brownish purple;weight,14-24 ozs.; shape, oblique-obovoid,stem often inserted obliquely;skin,fairly thick,smooth; flavor,rich;oil content, 8-12%. Seed, fairly small,sometimes loose. Not propagated commercially.(CAS Yearbook 1950) Orig.in Miami, FL by the Plant Introduction Garden, U.S.D.A.Introd. in 1929. Seedling of Collins (P.I. 19080); planted in 1916; P.I. 62376. Fruit: size medium; roundish oblate;skin surface roughened by deeply set dots;skin thin, dark purplish- brown, separating readily from flesh; flesh deep yellow, green near skin, smooth, no fiber, flavor rich & pleasant; stem short, thick. Tree: tall, spreading; flowering group A. No longer propagated. (B&O Register)
COLLINRED Sd B(Seedling B) (Guat. x W.I.) P.I. 106941 Tree originated 1925 at U.S.Pl. Introd. Garden Miami, FL as seedling of Collinred, propagated 1934. Not of commercial importance. Fruit season, Oct.-Nov.15; color, dull light green, often with deep maroon blush; weight 16-30 ozs.; shape, oblong, obovoid, slightly flattened at stem; skin, smooth or slightly rough, thin but tough; oil content 6-8%. Seed, medium large, often loose.(CAS Yearbook 1950) Orig. in Coconut Grove, FL, by the Plant Introd. Garden, U.S.D.A. Introd. in 1934; P.I. 106941. Seedling of Collinred (P.I. 62376); hybrid of Guat.xWest Ind. types;from seed planted in 1925 & selected in 1930. Fruit:16-30 oz; obovate, slightly flattened at the distal end; skin dull light green, often with deep maroon blush, thin, tough; flesh light yellow, of very good quality; oil content 6%-8%; seed medium large, loose in cavity with loose seed coats; season Oct.; flowering group A. Does not ship well. No longer propagated. (B&O Register)
COLLINS(Guat.) P.I. 19080 Tree introduced by G.W. Collins, USDA from Guatemala. Fruit season Feb.15-April 15 in FL; color, green; weight 10-12 ozs.; shape, broadly pyriform; skin, rough. (CAS Yearbook 1950) Origin, Guat.; Race, Guat.; Flowering group, B (Lahav & Gazit)
COLLINSON(Guat. x W.I.) Tree orig. from seed of Collins planted 1915 at U.S.Pl. Introd. Garden, Miami, FL. Illus. in FL Agr. Exper. Sta. Bul. 272. Tree rapid grower, leaves & fruit resistant to scab. Fairly productive & almost as hardy as Guat.in FL. A popular variety recommended for all FL avocado sections,flowers have no pollen & must be cross pollinated. Fruit season, Nov.15-Feb 1; color, dark green; wt. 18-30 ozs.;shape obovoid to elliptical;skin,smooth,usually glossy, leathery; oil content 12-16%. Seed med., oblate. (CAS Yearbook 1950) Orig. in Miami, FL, by the Plant Introd. Garden, USDA. Introd.1922. Open-pollinated seedling of Collins, apparently crossed with West Ind. type; seed planted in 1915,first crop in 1920. Fruit:18-30oz; short obovoid to elliptical; skin dark green, glossy, smooth, leathery; oil content 10%-16%; flavor good; seed med., tight in cavity; season Nov.-Dec. Tree: Class A flower type, but pollen not produced; rapid, vigorous grower; leaves &fruit resistant to scab; fairly productive.Not recommended for commercial plantings in FL No longer propagated, but still carried as a minor commercial cultivar by the FL Avocado Administrative Committee. (B&O Register) Origin,FL; Race,GxWI;Flower,A (Lahav & Gazit) (seed planted in FL in 1915);broad-obovoid to elliptical; lg.;skin smooth; flesh of excellent flavor, 10-16%oil; seed of med. size,tight.Season: late (Nov.& Dec.).Tree doesn't produce pollen in FL;is a heavy bearer in Puerto Rico when interplanted with other cultivars. The flesh is apt to blacken around the seed in cold storage. Cold- sensitive & unfruitful in IS>(J.Morton 1987)
COLOMBIA(P.I. 51105) Tree introduced 1920 by F.W.Popenoe USDA from Rio Frio, Colombia. Fruit season, earliest in region where found; color, green; weight 24 ozs.; shape, oval, quality excellent. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
COLONTree introduced 1911 by Carl Schmidt for West India Gardens, Altadena, CA from Atlixco, Mex. Fruit color, dark green; weight 12 ozs.; shape, slender pyriform; skin, nearly smooth. Seed. small. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
COLONIA(Guat.) Regist. 1945 Originated near Oxnard, CA. Fruit season, Aug.-Sept.; color, green; weight, 12 1/2 ozs.; shape pyriform; skin, pebbled, medium thick, peels; flavor, fair; oil 17.85%. Sept. 8. Seed. 2 1/2 ozs. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
COLORADO(Guat.) Syn. Purple Murrieta Tree originated about 1901 from seed from Atlixco, Mex., planted by Juan Murrieta, Los Angeles, CA, propagated 1912. Parent tree moved May 1914 to 827 South Kenmore Ave., Los Angeles. Nursery trees grow poorly, should be top-worked on established trees. Fruit Apr.-July; color, rusty purple; weight, 14-18 ozs.; shape, spherical; skin, medium thickness; quality, high; oil content 13.5%. Seed, medium. Shipping & marketing quality good. (CAS Yearbook 1950) Origin, CA; Race, Guat.; Flower, A (Lahav & Gazit)
COLORADOS(Guat.) P.I. 43603 Tree introduced 1916 from C.W.Martin, Tegueigalpa, Honduras through USDA. Fruit color, red; size, largest variety in Honduras; shape, pyriform. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
COMMODORETree introduced 1906 from Coconut Grove, FL to Philippines. Illustrated & described in Bureau of Agri. Phil. Islands Circ. 212. Adapted to conditions in Lamao district & a regualr bearer; not attacked by wood borer. Fruit season, Aug.-Sept.; color, deep purple; shape, obovoid to pyriform; skin, coarsely granular, glossy; quality fair; rather fibrous. Seed, small, broad, conical. (CAS Yearbook 1950) Origin, FL; Flower, A (Lahav & Gazit)
CONDON(Mex.) Tree originated at Pasadena, CA fruiting 1915. Fruit season, Sept.-Oct.; color, purplish black; weight, 6-7 ozs.; shape, oblique, pyriform, skin, glossy. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
COOK(Guat.) Tree an early introduction by USDA into Florida. Fruit, season Feb.-Mar.; size, small; shape, spherical; skin, rough. (CAS Yearbook 1950) Origin, FL; Race, Guat.; Flower, B (Lahav & Gazit)
COOPER(W.I.) Tree originated in Hawaii. Fruit season, summer; color, green, weight, 24 ozs.; shape, oval; skin, smooth, quality good. Seed, large, loose. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
CORONA(Guat.) Regist. 1944 Originated on Corona del Mar Ranch near Goleta, CA. Fruit season, June-July, Color, green. Shape, oval. Weight, 7 ozs. Skin, smooth, peels. Flavor, good. Oil 23.83%. Seed, 3/4 oz. Keeping quality good (CAS Yearbook 1950) Orig. in Goleta, CA, by J.E. Coit of the Thomas B. Bishop Co., Corona del Mar Rancho. Introd. in 1950. Parentage unknown; discovered in 1944. Fruit: skin green, quite smooth, peels easily; oval; weight averages 7 oz; seed weight 3/4 oz; flavor good, oil content 23.8%; keeping quality good; season June and July. Tree: moderately spreading. Planted in dooryards in CA. (B&O Register). Origin, CA, Race, Guat.; Flower, A (Lahav & Gazit)
COURTRIGHT(Mex.) Tree originated on place of R.M.Courtright,Lakeland,FL from seed of unknown origin planted 1932.Two seeds were planted close together & the resulting seedlings grew together at the base. The other seedling was named the VanKortryk. Fruited first in 1941. Certified 1942. Fruit seaosn, Sept.-Oct.; color,purple;weight, 8-12 ozs.;shape, pyriform; skin, thin; oil content 15%. Seed, large, loose in cavity.(CAS Yearbook 1950)Orig. in Lakeland,FL,by R.M. Courtright. Introd. in 1942. Parentage unknown; Mex. type; discovered in 1941. Fruit: 8-12 oz; pyriform; skin purple, thin; flesh yellow, quality fair, oil content 15%; seed fairly large, loose in cavity; season Sept. & Oct. Flowering group A. (B&O Register)
COVACADO(Mex.) Syn. of Mayo (CAS Yearbook 1950) See Mayo. Registered 1947 (CAS Yearbook 1956) two trees are growing at South Coast Research Station in field 44, row 12, trees 28 & 29 (J.R. Frink 1998) Origin, CA; Race, Guat.; Flowering group A (Lahav & Gazit)
COWANE(Mex.) Tree originated at Tujunga, CA. Fruit season Sept.-Nov.; color, black; weight, 6-8 ozs. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
CPK 5(=Cali Poly 5) Origin, CA; Flowering group, A (Lahav & Gazit)
CREAMHARTTwo avocado varieties have been named and registered with the California Rare Fruit growers. The first of these was grown by Orton H. Englehart of Escondido who introduced it under the name 'Creamhart' and registered it on 2 December 1974. It is a pear-shaped, green fruit weighing from 10 to 16 ounces with a small seed and flesh of a very fine flavor. The tree is round-headed and produces good crops every year, ripening from late January to early June. The tree is frost tolerant to 27 degrees F. (Avocado Grower's Handbook, Frank D. Koch 1983)
CREELMANOrig. in Camarillo, CA. Introd. in 1961.Open-pollinated seedling of Fuerte x Hass; seed selected & collected in 1951 by Royce S. Bringhurst,CA.Agr. Expt. Sta., then at Los Angeles; in 1952 &1953 some seedlings sent to Calvin C Delphey, Farm Advisor, Ventura, CA; planted in the A. Creelman orchard in Camarillo; selected as promising in1957 by Delphey;tested as UCLA 51007.Fruit: pear-shaped; skin green, very attractive; ripens in Ventura County from 15 Mar.-15 July; 10-12 oz, with seed weighing about 16% of fruit weight; flesh yellowish, very little fiber, quality good; resembles Fuerte in attractiveness color & shape. Tree: moderately spreading; flowering group B. (B&O Register) Origin,CA; Race, Guat.; Flower, B (Lahav & Gazit)
CUMMINSTree originated 1912 at Altadena, CA to Lamao Philippines. Fruit season, Sept.-Oct.; color, dark purple; weight, 7-14 ozs.; shape, roundish oblate; skin, thin, rough. Seed, medium. Shy & irregular bearer. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
CYRUSTree introduced 1907 from St. Petersburn, FL to Lamao, Philippines. Fruit season, Sept.-Oct.; color, greenish yellowp; weight, 12 ozs.; shape, oblong pyriform; skin, thin, smooth, glossy. Seed, medium, conical, loose. (CAS Yearbook 1950) Origin, FL; Flowering group, B (Lahav & Gazit)
DADE(W.I.) P.I. 50968 Tree originated as seedling of Trapp at U.S. Plant introduction garden, Miami, FL. Fruit season, Nov.; color, green; shape, spherical. Quality excellent. (CAS Yearbook 1950) Origin, FL; Race, WI; Flowering group, A (Lahav & Gazit)
DAILY(Guat.) Regist. 1941 Originated near Camarillo, CA, on place of C.J. Daily from Queen seed. Fruit season, Sept.-Nov.; color, green; weight, 30 ozs.; shape, oblong; skin, smooth, thick; flavor good minus; oil, 16.51%. Seed small, 3 ozs. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
DAILY 11Perhaps the largest avocado grown in CA. At South Coast Research Station, Irvine, CA, one tree grows in field 46 another in field 44, row IX, tree 4., another at the Fullerton Arboretum. This fruit has been used by CA Rare Fruit Growers (Orange Co.) to impress people at the L.A. & Orange Co. Fairs because of its impressive size. Fruit is pear to odd baggy shape, green & of fair to good quality flavor. (J.R.Frink 1998) "Daily 11, a seedling of Queen, had been developed in Ventura County & had fruit larger than three pounds. It combined this size with a small seed & good flavor. Dr. Bergh's assistant later told me he had seen Dailys weighing five pounds." (Giant Avo. article,p.59,1980 Avo Grower)
DANDELYON(Guat.) Tree propagated 1922 by A.R.Rideout, Whittier, CA, from a bud variation of Lyon. Fruit, Jan.-May; shape, pyriform, long. Seed medium.(CAS Yearbook 1950)
DANISH WEST INDIES BANKSee Frederiksted Bank.
DARWIN(Mex.) Regist. 1946. Commercially propagated. Originated at 922 So. Ross St. Santa Ana, CA. Registered by Armstrong Nurseries. Fruit season, Jan.; color, purplish black; weight 6 ozs.; flavor, fair minus; oil 20.10% in Jan. Seed, 2 ozs. (CAS Yearbook 1950) Orig. in Santa Ana, CA, by Darwin Speck. Introd. in 1946. seedling of Mex.type;discovered on the Santa Ana property of R.T. Brown (father- in-law of Speck); tested by Armstrong Nurseries, Ont., CA; tests & further propagation discontinued in 1947. Fruit: averages 6-8 oz; ovoid to somewhat pyriform; skin purplish-black; flavor fair, strong, somewhat anise-like, oil content 20.1% ripens in Oct. in Santa Ana; resembles Blackbird but larger. Tree: hardy, productive. While size & general appearance were good, quality was not good enough for further propagation. (B&O Register)
DAWNOrig. in Homestead, Fla., by R.O. Shore of J.R. Brooks Son. Introd. in 1959. Open-pollinated seedling of Peterson. Fruit: small, 12 oz; ovate; skin medium green, smooth, medium thick; flavor bland; ripens during July and August; seed small. Not of commercial importance. (B&O Register)
DAYOrigin, FL; Race, WIxM; Flowering group B (Lahav & Gazit)
DE BARD Origin, CA; Race, MxG; Flowering group B (Lahav & Gazit)
DECEMOrig. in Carlsbad, CA, by person or persons unknown. Introd. in 1947 when it was first planted. Chance seedling, possibly of Fuerte; Fruit: 6-8 oz; pyriform; skin green, smooth, leathery;seed size medium; ripens in early fall with Fuerte, resembles Fuerte in appearance & size. Tree: moderately consistent bearer in some areas such as Ventura County, CA; leaves with a characteristic yellow- green blotch, which readily identifies all know Decem trees, but it does not appear to be detrimental or serious to tree growth or production of fruit. Now obsolete. (B&O Register) Originated at Carlsbad,CA. Tree, much like Fuerte (probably a Fuerte seedling). Cold resistance about same as Fuerte. Fruit season, same as Fuerte. Color, green. Weight, 6-8 ozs. Shape, pyriform. Skin, leathery & smooth. Flavor, good. Seed, medium. (CAS Yearbook 1956) Origin, CA; Race, MxG?; flowering type A (Lahav & Gazit)
DEFIANCE(Guat.) Tree originated as seedling of Challenge on A.R. Rideout place, Whittier, CA. Fruit color, deep purple; weight, 16 ozs.; skin, hard shell. Seed, small. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
DEL ROSA(Guat.) Tree originated at Bishop Nursery, Highland, CA. Exhibited 1921. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
DELICIOUS(Guat.) Tree originated at Pasadena, CA. Fruit color, purple; weight 9 ozs. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
DEWEYOrig. in Fullerton, Calif. Introd. about 1945. Chance seedling of Mexican x Guatemalan types; seed planted in 1933; tested by H.L. Gillespie, San Gabriel, Calif. in the 1950s. Fruit: 3 to 5 oz; pyriform; skin thin, medium green; flavor good to very good, oil content 24.5% the end of Oct.; keeping quality poor; seed 3/4 oz; season late Aug. - Nov. Tree: hardy; good yields. Now obsolete. (B&O Register) Registered 1953 (CAS Yearbook 1956)
DEWITTTree came from Costa Mesa yard of Dewitt Worchester. Was grafted into South Coast Research Station, field 44 March 1998. Said to have very small seed, thin, green, smooth skin, nicely colored flesh, no fiber, excellent flavor. Mother tree is 7 years old, originated from kitchen scraps. Pear shape, peels. Had two years of 100 avocados each year at ages 3 & 4 while in pot. Now transplanted to yard production has been light as it has been getting established. (J.R.Frink 1998)
DIAMONDOrig. in Fallbrook, CA, by Joe Diamond. Introd. in 1955. Open-pollinated seedling of Fuerte; seed planted in 1942. Fruit: medium, averaging 8 oz; pyriform; skin purplish-green, medium smooth, peels well from flesh; flavor very good; oil content 20%. Tree: upright; productive; fairly hardy. (B&O Register) Reg. Dec.2, 1955 by Joe Diamond, Fallbrook, CA. Upright growth;25 feet tall.Has set 9 boxes fruit in one year.Hardiness to cold is good.Fruit season: May to Nov.;Color: purple green;Skin: med. smooth, peels from flesh; Weight: 8 oz.; Shape: pyriform; Flavor: Excellent minus; Oil content: Dec. 2, 1955, 20%. Keeping quality excellent.( CAS yearbook 1956) Origin,CA; Race,MxG?; Flower group, A (Lahav & Gazit)
DICKEY(Guat.) Tree originated from seed from Atlixco, Mex. Planted about 1904 at E.W. Dickey place,Hollywood, CA propagated 1912.Difficult to propagate.Fruit season, Feb.-June; color, green; weight, 12-24 ozs.; shape, pyriform; skin, rough; oil content, 21.5%. Seed, small. Shipping quality is not promising. (CAS Yearbook 1950) One tree is growing at South Coast Research Station, Irvine, CA. field 46, row 57, tree 22. (J.R. Frink 1998) Origin,CA; Race, Guat.; Flowering group, A (Lahav & Gazit)
DICKEY A(Guat.) Tree originated about 1904 from seed from Mexico planted at E.W. Dickey place, Hollywood, CA. Fruit season, Feb.-July; color, dark purple, black when ripe; weight 14-20 ozs.; shape, pyriform; skin, smooth, thick; quality fine; oil content 13.5% . Seed small, round. Analysis in An. Rep 1919-20 p. 63. A fair market fruit. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
DICKINSON(Guat.) P.I. 39370 Tree originated about 1899 as seed from Guat. City planted at A.J. Dickinson's place 679 West 35th Street, Los Angeles, propagated 1912. Tree moved to Exposition Park,1931.Fruit season, May-Oct.;color,dark purple; weight, 9-18 ozs.;shape, round-obovoid;skin.,thick, pebbled to nearly smooth; oil content 13.5%. Seed, small round. Illus. Annual Report Cal. Avo. Assoc.1916, p. 127. Also illus. Cal. Agri. Exper. Sta. Bul. 365 revised, p. 61. Analysis same bul. p. 72. Also USDA Bul. 1073. Hard shell affects marketability. Grown Phil. (CAS Yearbook 1950)Early commercial variety. Black skinned, very pebbly, average size, round -pear. Flavor is poor. Difficult to tell when fruit is soft. One tree is living at the South Coast Research Station, Irvine, CA., field 44, row 10, tree 5. (J.R.Frink 1998) Origin, CA; Race, Guat.; Flowering group, A (Lahav & Gazit)(a CA selection, first propagated1912);oval-obovate;small-med.;skin dark-purple with lg maroon dots,rough,very thick,granular,brittle;flesh of good quality;seed sm.-med., tight. Season:June-Oct. in CA; Feb.&Mar.in FL; Jan&Feb. in Puerto Rico.Tree is moderate but regular bearer. In IS Dickinson is described as round, sm.-lg, very thick- skinned with very lg. seed; of poor quality, not worth growing. It is no longer grown in FL or CA.(J.Morton)
DIEGO(Mex. x Guat.) Regist. 1933 Originated 1925 near Escondido, CA. from seed planted by J.L. Jones by his home. Fruit season, March-May; color, green, weight, 6-8 ozs.; shape, pyriform; skin, medium; flavor, excellent minus; oil 23.6%; fiber, some near stem. Seed, 1 f3/4 ozs. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
DILLINGHAM(W.I.) Tree originated in Hawaii. Fruit season late summer; color, green; weight, 24 ozs.; shape, pyriform; skin, smooth, pitted when ripe; quality, good. Seed, medium to large. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
DISBROW(Mex.) Regist. 1938 Originated about 1928 on residence lot of C.F. Disbrow at 3739 First Ave., San Diego, CA. Fruit season, Aug.-Oct.; color, purplish-black; weight, 8 ozs.; shape, oblong; flavor, good minus; oil, 22.54%. Seed, 1 1/4 ozs. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
DODENTree originated at place of Hans Doden, San Jose, Philippines, bearing before 1929. Fruit season, has 2 crops, May & Nov.-Dec.; color, dark purple; shape, oblong pyriform, long neck; skin, smooth; flesh yellowish mottled with purple. Illus. Phil. Agr. Rev. Vol. 22, 1929. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
DOLORES(Guat.) Regist. 1932 Originated 1924 at La Habra Heights, CA., from seed from Guat. on place of J. Scott Thompson. Fruit season, April-June; color, green; weight, 10 ozs.; shape, pyriform; skin, thin, smooth; flavor, fair; oil, 20.4 %. Seed 2 ozs. (CAS Yearbook 1950) Orig. in La Habra Heights, CA., by J. Scott Thompson. Introd. in 1932. Chance seedling of Guatemalan type; seed imported from Guatemala; selected in 1924. Fruit: averages 10 oz; pyriform; skin green, thin, smooth; flavor fair; oil content 22.5%; keeping quality good; seed large; ripens April into June. Now obsolete. (B&O Register) Registered 1932 (CAS Yearbook 1956)
DON(Guat.) Regist. 1935 Tree originated about 1926 by Don Stewart, San Diego, CA. Vigorous, upright, consist. bearer. Fruit season, Apr.-July; color, dark purple; weight 10-12 ozs.; shape, oval to spherical; skin, leathery, thick, smooth; flavor excellent, minus; oil content 22.5 %. Keeping quality good. Seed, large. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
DON CARLOS(W.I.) 40979 Tree introduced 1915 by F.W. Popenoe USDA from near Placetas, Cuba. Fruit color, light green; size, small; shape, spherical; quality, good. Seed, very small. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
DON GILLOGLY1998 from internet. Tree said to produce two times a year, green hard, black soft, originated in San Diego, thick skin that is loose from flesh so peels easily.
DONALDSONFlowering group, B (Lahav & Gazit)
DORENE(Mex.) Registered 1952 Originated by R.C. Payan, Orange,California, 1947. TREE: Upright and thrifty; production very good and produces at an early age; resistant to cold. FRUIT: Season;October to November; Color:black; Weight: 6 3/4oz; Shape: pyriform; Skin: thin and smooth;Flavor: good minus; Oil:11.9% Keeping Quality: good; Seed:1 1/4ozs. (CAS Yearbook 1952)
DOROTHEA(Guat. x Mex.) Tree originated about 1913 as seedling from parent Miller at Jacob Miller place, Hollywood, CA. Fruit season, Nov.-Feb.; color, light green; weight, 8-16 ozs.; shape, obovoid; skin, smooth. Seed, medium to large, conical. (CAS Yearbook 1950) Origin, CA; Race, GxM; Flowering group, B (Lahav & Gazit)
DOUGLASTree introduced from USDA to Philippines 1915. Fruit season, Aug.-Sept.; color, deep purple; weight, 13-18 ozs.; shape, obovoid to pyriform; skin, smooth, glossy; quality, good. Illus. & described in Phil. Isl. Bur. Agr. Circ. 212. A shy bearer. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
DR. WHITE(Mex.) Fruit season, Sept.-Oct.; color, black, weight, 5-8 ozs.; shape, pyriform; skin, thin, smooth; flavor, fair plus; oil, high; fibre, slight. Seed, medium. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
DR.DUPUIS#2Orig. in Miami, Fla., by John G DuPuis, Jr. Introd. in 1963. Plant patent 2528; 8 June 1965. Bud mutation discovered on a West Indian seedling Fruit: medium, 10 to 16 oz; averages about 12 oz; oblong to pyriform, up to 5 " long, up to 3 1/2 " in diam.; skin green, smooth, light yellow dots; flesh light yellow, firm, free of fiber, flavor rich and nutty; seed small, nearly round, tight in cavity; ripens early mid-June to end of July; ships very well. Tree: moderately upright, symmetrical; sets and holds fruit under adverse weather conditions; blooms in Feb. Flowering group A; major commercial cultivar in Florida. (B&O Register)
DR.JOHN G DUPUISOrig. in Miami, Fla., by John G. DuPuis. Introd. in 1955. Plant patent 1369; 29 Mar. 1955. Parentage unknown, of West Indian origin; discovered in 1941; tested as DuPuis 1. Fruit: large, 16 to 32 oz; up to 6 " long and 4 1/2" in diam.; plumply pyriform; skin green, smooth, dots scattered & cream colored; stem heavy, strong, relatively short, up to 1 1/2 " long; flesh yellowish, firm, free of fiber, flavor delicate & nutty; seed medium, adhering tightly in cavity; season July & Aug.; ships well; no excessive drop. Tree: productive annually; resistant to scab. Obsolete. (B&O Register)
DUKE(Mex.) Tree orig.1912 from seed planted at Sunnyslope Nursery, Bangor, CA. Vigorous, very hardy to cold, wind resistant, productive. Fine for home planting in cold interior districts.Parent tree dead. Fruit season, Sept.-Nov.; color, green; wt, 8-12 ozs.;shape,pyriform; skin, nearly smooth; quality,excellent; oil content 21%. Seed, med., sometimes loose. (CAS Yearbook 1950)Orig. in Bangor, Butte County, CA, by "Duke" Hornung. Introd. in the late 1920s. Chance seedling; Mex. type; seed imported 1912, apparently from Mex., by Mr. Benedict for Sunnyslope Avocado Nursery, Bangor; following abandonment of this nursery, Hornung purchased the area,noted the seedling,&selected several;from one of these came Duke; selected in 1924 by Hornung; evaluated in 1924 & later by J. Eliot Coit, Vista,CA. Fruit:size med.,8-12 oz; pyriform; skin yellowish-green glossy, nearly smooth, very thin; quality fair-good; poor shipper because of thin skin; seed lg, often loose in cavity; primarily for local markets; ripens early, Sept.- Nov. Tree: vigorous; productive; very hardy; wind resistant; blooms early; Duke seedlings & selected rooted clones of these seedlings show partial resistance to phytophthora rood rot. (B&O Register) Frequently used as rootstock. (J.R.Frink) Flower group A(Lahav & Gazit)(originated in CA in1912); elongated; rather sm.-5 1/2 to 7 oz(150-200g);flesh of good quality, 14.5% oil. Season: sept.-Nov. in CA; late July or mid-Aug. to mid-Sept. in IS. Tree is lg.,symmetrical & wind-& cold- resistant, & also highly resistant to root-rot, expecially when grown from cuttings. It is a poor bearer in some areas of CA; has borne 168 lbs (78kg) annually from the 6th to the 15th year in IS. (J.Morton 1987)
DULCEOrigin, CA; Race, Mex.; Flowering group, A (Lahav & Gazit)
DUNEDIN (Skinner)(Guat.) Florida Syn. Skinner. Tree originated 1920 on L.B.Skinner place, Dunedin, FL as seedling of Winslow. Fruit season, Dec.15-Jan.; color, dull light green; weight, 12-20 ozs.; shape rounded-obovoid; skin, fairly thick, smooth; flavor, excellent; oil content 12-16%. Seed, fairly large. (CAS Yearbook 1950) Orig. in Dunedin, FL, by L.B. Skinner. Introd. in 1925. Open-pollinated seedling of Winslow; selected in 1920. Fruit: 12-20 oz; rounded obovoid; skin light green, dull, smooth, fairly thick; flavor very good; oil content 12%-16%; seed fairly large; season 15 Dec. through Jan. Flowering group A. (B&O Register)
DUNLAP(Guat.) Regist. 1932 Originated 1928 at Carlsbad, CA, from seed of the Carlsbad on place of W.W. Dunlap. Fruit color, green; weight, 11 ozs; shape, pyriform; skin, pebbled, thin; flavor, good; oil, 17%. Seed, 3 ozs. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
DUPUIS 3(Katherine)Orig. in Miami, FL, by John G. DuPuis. Jr. Introd. in 1963. Plant patent 2529, 8 June 1965. Bud mutation discovered on a West Indian seedling. Fruit:12-20 oz, averages about 15 oz, up to 6" long & 4" in diam.; broadly oval to pyriform, nearly round; skin green, slightly rough, thick, dots conspicuous; flesh deep yellow, firm, free of fiber, delicate nutty flavor; seed medium - large, adhering tightly to flesh in cavity; ripens early, from mid-June through July; ships very well. Tree: semi-upright; blooms in Feb.; sets & holds fruit in adverse weather conditions. (B&O Register)
DUPUIS NO. 2Origin, FL; Race, WI; Flowering group A (B) (Lahav & Gazit)
DUTTON(Guat.) Tree originated as seedling by E.C.Dutton 1910 on Otto Keup place, Palm Ave. & Ball Road, Anaheim, CA. Tree in good condition Aug. 1927. Fruit season, Jan.-May; color, maroon; weight, 12-24 ozs.; shape, pyriform; skin, rough, warty thick; oil 12 !/2%. Seed, medium small. Marketability poor. (CAS Yearbook 1950) Tree can be found at South Coast Research Station, Irvine, Ca. in field 46, row 57. (J.R.Frink 1998)
EAGLE ROCKSyn. of Galloupe (CAS Yearbook 1950) Origin, CA; Race, Guat.; Flowering group, B (Lahav & Gazit)
EARLE'S LATEFlowering group B (Lahav & Gazit)
EARLY(W.I.) Florida Syn. of Cuban Early. Mentioned in FL. Exp. Sta. Press bulletin 244, 1916. No longer propagated. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
EASTER(Guat.) Regist.1932 Originated 1926 at Carlsbad, CA from Lyon seed on place of G. Maltby. Fruit season, April-June; color, purple; weight, 13 1/2 ozs.; shape, pyriform; skin, medium thick, pebbled; flavor, good; oil 12.6%. Seed, 1 oz. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
EASTMAN(Hybrid.) Regist.1932 Originated 1928 at 925 Glendale St., San Diego, CA by Goldie Eastman, probably from Taft seed. Fruit season, Oct.-Dec.; color, green; shape, oblong; skin, medium, rough; flavor, good minus; oil 22%. Seed, 1 oz. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
EDDY(Mex.) Originated 1928 by J.E.Eddy at Fallbrook, CA. Fruit season, Oct.-Nov.; color dark purple to black; weight, 7 ozs.; shape obovoid; skin, smooth; flavor, good; oil, 24.5%. Seed, medium. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
EDMONDS(Guat. x W.I.) Originated on place of Tom Edmonds near Homestead, FL about 1920 as seedling of unknown origin. Fruiting first observed in 1935. Certified 1942. Fruit season, Sept.-Oct.; color, green; weight, 24-35 ozs.; shape, oval; skin, smooth; flavor, very good. Seed, small. (CAS Yearbook 1950) Orig. near Homestead, FL, by Tom Edmonds. Introd. in 1935. Considered to be (Guat. x West Indian types) discovered in 1920. Fruit: 24 -36 oz; oval; skin green, smooth; seed rather small; quality good; season Sept. & Oct. Flowering group B. No longer propagated. (B&O Register)
EDRANOL(Guat.) Regist.1932 Originated 1927 as seedling from Rideout, planted by E.R. Mullen at Vista, CA. Fruited 1931, propagated 1932 when parent tree was dying. Upright, vigorous, propagates readily. Variable in its bearing habit. Fruit season, Feb.-July at Vista & Apr.-Dec.at Santa Barbara; color, green; weight, 11-12 ozs.; shape, pyriform; skin, rough, thin for a Guat.;flavor, good plus; oil, 22.5%. Seed small. (CAS Yearbook 1950) Orig. in Vista, CA, by E.R.Mullen. Introd. in 1932. Open-pollinated seedling of Lyon; seed obtained from A.R. Rideout; selected in 1930.Fruit:10-12 oz;skin green, thick, russets badly in interior areas; pyriform; quality high; flavor excellent, oil content high; seed small; season at Santa Barbara, CA, from March-Nov.;season at Vista from Feb.-July. Tree: tall; slender; vigorous; bears heavily; adapted to coastal areas in CA where it is a minor commercial cultivar.(B&O Register) 2 trees that consistantly produce excellent fruit from March-Nov. grow at South Coast Research Station, Irvine, Ca. field 44. Trees (about 18 yrs.) are small enough that all fruit can be picked with picker. B blossom.Trees available at nurseries in Chile(J.R. Frink 1998) Illustrated in CAS Yearbook 1937:47. (CAS Yearbook 1956) (seedling planted at Vista,CA 1927; propagated 1932), pear-shaped; of med. size; skin olive-green, slightly rough, thin-leathery; flesh of high quality & nutty flavor, 15-18% oil; seed small, tight. Season: Feb.-July at Vista; Apr.-Dec. at Santa Barbara; May & June in Queensland. Disease-resistant. Rated as excellent. No longer planted in CA but popular in MEX.(J.Morton)
EGAS(Mex.( P.I. 53131 & 54271 Introduced 1921 by F.W. Popenoe, USDA, from Chota Valley, Ecuador. Fruit season, spring; color, deep maroon purple; weight, 8-12 ozs.; shape broadly ovoid; skin, glossy. Seed, medium to small. (CAS Yearbook 1950) Illustrated 1921:34 (CAS Yearbook 1956)
EGBERTO(Guat. x Mex.) Originated about 1929 by Chas. D. Adams, near Upland, CA; named for his son. Fruit season, Oct.-Nov.; color, light green; weight, 12-16 ozs.; shape, pyriform; quality good. Seed, medium. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
EIN VEREDOrigin, ISR; Race, Guat?; Flowering group, A (Lahav & Gazit)
EL ORORace, Guat.; Flowering group, B (Lahav & Gazit)
EL PRESIDENTEFlowering group A (Lahav & Gazit)
EL VENADOOrigin, Mex.; Race, WI; Flowering group, B (Lahav & Gazit)
ELEVADO(Mex.) Regist. 1938 Originated at North Whittier Heights, CA, Lot 11, Tract 2610. Application based on fruit from grafted trees on place of Mrs. Maud Waters, Azusa, CA. Fruit season, Sept.-Nov.; color, green; weight, 9 ozs.; shape, oblong; flavor, fair plus; oil 10.73%. Seed, 2 ozs. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
ELLA(Hybrid.) Regist. 1943 Originated at 6500 Springfield St., San Diego, CA, by John M. Reinecke. Fruit season, Nov.-Mar.; color, green; weight, 6 1/4 ozs.; quality, good; oil, 14.38%. Seed 1/4 oz. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
ELSIE(Guat.) patented Orig. in Whittier, CA, by Charles H. Hamburg. Introd. in 1935. Plant patent 816; 28 Dec.1948; assigned to Cecil Knowlton. Chance seedling from a Guat.type; selected in 1930.Fruit:8-14 oz;pyriform; skin green, relatively thin;flesh firm,flavor fine;oil content high; ripens during June&Aug. in Whittier; seed size med.,tight in its cavity;resembles Fuerte.Tree:upright,central leader; vigorous. Planted in dooryards in CA.(B&O Register) One Elsie tree is growing at South Coast Research Station,Irvine, CA in field 46,row 57, tree 21.(J.R. Frink 1998) Originated at Whittier, CA., about 1930 from seed of Quaker. Vigorous grower, upright grower. Fruit season, May - July. Color, green. Weight, 8.14 ozs. Shape, Fuerte like. Oil content, 18 - 24%. Seed, medium large. (CAS Yearbook 1956) Flowering group, B (Lahav & Gazit)
EMERALD(Mex.) Regist. 1932 (CAS Yearbook 1950)Orig.in San Diego,CA by Laura McFadden. Introd. in 1951. Chance seedling of Mex. type; discovered in 1928. Fruit: medium, average weight 7.5 oz;with seed weight of about 2 oz;pear shaped;skin bright green, attractive;oil content medium, quality good;season mid Dec.- April; tends to drop badly near maturity. Tree: tall, rather upright; moderately hardy to frost at Riverside, CA; leaves resemble Puebla. No longer propagated. (B&O Register) Originated 1928 at San Diego, CA. on place of Mrs. Laura McFadden. Fruit season, Nov.-Jan. Color, green. Weight, 10 ozs. Shape, pyriform. Oil, 16.6%. Seed, large. 2 1/2 ozs. (CAS Yearbook 1956) Flowering group A (B) (Lahav & Gazit)
EMERALD GREEN(Guat.) Originated by Edwin S. Myers on his place at Encinitas, CA. Fruit season, Jan.; color, dark green; weight 6 3/4 ozs.; shape, oval; skin, smooth; flavor, good minus; oil, 12.33%. Jan 30. Seed, medium. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
ENCANADA(Hybrid) Regist. 1941 Originated at La Habra, CA by H.B. Griswold. A good bearer. Fruit season, July-Sept.; color, green; weight, 8 1/2 ozs.; shape, pyriform; skin, med. thick with greenish yellow surface dots; flavor, fair plus. Seed, 1 oz. (CAS Yearbook 1950) Orig. in La Habra, CA., by H.B. Griswold. Introd. in 1941. Chance seedling of (Mex. x Guat. types). Fruit: averages 8 1/2oz; pyriform; skin green, medium thick with greenish yellow surface dots; flavor fair to good; seed 1 oz, season July - Sept. No longer propagated. (B&O Register)
ENOI(W.I.) Hawaii Originated in Hawaii. Fruit season, late summer; color, dark purple; weight, 18-26 ozs.; shape, oblong pyriform; skin, smooth. Seed, medium (CAS Yearbook 1950)
EPIGMANYOOrigin, Mex; Race, Mex.; Flowering group B (Lahav & Gazit)
EREYOrig. in Baldwin Park, CA, by O. Ruf. Introd. about 1922. Chance seedling of Guat. type; selected in 1915. Fruit: 15 - 18 oz, pyriform with some crook necked; skin green, smooth, leathery, flavor good; seed small; season April to August. Tree: small, upright, weak grower; very productive. (B&O Register)
ESBANK(W.I.) Hawaii Originated in Hawaii as seedling of Preston. Fruit season late summer; color, dark purple; weight, 18-26 ozs.; skin, smooth; quality, excellent; oil, 12.6%. Seed, medium. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
ESCONDIDO(Guat.) Regist. 1932 Originated 1923 near Escondido on place of Geo. Bjornson. Fruit season, Jan.-March; color, green; weight, 15 ozs.; shape, pyriform; skin, smooth, thin; flavor, good plus; oil, 24.6%. Seed, 3 3/4 ozs. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
ESPARTARace, Mex; Flowering group, B (Lahav & Gazit)
ESTELLE(W.I.) Florida Originated in H.H. Harrison grove near Fulford, FL. Fruit season, June, July; color, green; weight 12-24 ozs.; shape, oval. Seed, medium. (CAS Yearbook 1950) Origin, FL; Race, WI; Flowering group B (Lahav & Gazit)
ESTERINA(Guat.) Regist. 1950 Tree originated about 1935 at Culver City, CA on place of Lewis A. Crank. Location 5900 Overland Ave.; production, 110 lbs. per year; hardy; size, tall. Fruit season, Aug.-Oct.; color dull green; weight, 13 ozs.; shape, obloid; skin, thick, peels from flesh; flavor, good plus; oil 15.20%; keeping quality good. Seed 1 1/4/ozs. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
ESTHER(Guat) Round, green, pebbly, thick skin, 12-27oz. fruit, medium seed, attractive flesh, July to Dec. in Irvine, A blossom type, peels, susceptible to greenhouse thrip, compact tree of small size. 8 trees are growing at South Coast Research Station, Irvine, CA. field 44. (J.R. Frink 1998) Origin, CA; Race, Guat.; Flowering group A (Lahav & Gazit)
ETTINGEROrig. in Kefar Malal, Isr. Introd. there in 1947 after observation by members of the Committee for Subtrop.Fruits;introd. in the U.S.in 1954; P.I.218196. Seedling of Fuerte;selected-1940.Fruit:Fuerte type; medium,6-12 oz,pyriform;skin bright green, surface slightly rough, some tendency to corkiness, tendency to end-spot which appears early, peeling quality excellent; flesh clear light yellow, free of fiber, soft, melting, ripens uniformly, quality excellent; seed large, 1 1/2-2 1/2 oz, loose in cavity, seedcoats adhere to flesh; ripens early, about 1 mo. before Fuerte in Israel; ripens slightly before & with Fuerte in Riverside, CA; important commercial variety in Israel & used there for domestic & export markets; not propagated in CA. Tree: very prolific; vigorous; produces a strong central leader, drooping lateral branches. (B&O Register) 2 trees grow at South Coast Research Station, Irvine, CA in field 44, row 11, trees 19&20 For more informaton see p.90 CAS Yearbook 1963. (J.R.Frink 1998) Origin, ISR; Race, MxG; B Flower (Lahav & Gazit)
EYMANNRegistered 1947 (CAS Yearbook 1956)
EZAKIOrigin, HI; Flowering group B (Lahav & Gazit)
FAIRCHILD(See Collinred Seedling B) Florida (CAS Yearbook 1950) (=Collinred B) Origin, FL; Race, Guat.; Flowering group A (Lahav & Gazit)
FAIRFAX(Guat.) Regist. 1932 Originated 1927 at Encinitas from Prince seed on place of M.A. Princehouse. Fruit season, Feb., March; color, purple; weight, 23 ozs.; shape, pyriform; skin, medium thickness; flavor, good; oil, 15.9%. Seed, 4 ozs. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
FAIRHEAD(Guat.) Originated 1917 on G.E. Fairhead place, Eagle Rock, CA from a seed from Hawaii. Fruit season, Mar.-April; color, purple; weight 14-20 ozs.; shape, pyriform to broad oval; skin, slightly roughened. Seed, medium to small. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
FAMILY(W.I.) P.I. 12935 Florida Originated about 1897 on place at Buena Vista, FL. Later owned by Prof. P.H. Rolfs & introduced by him 1904. Now grown in Phil. Fruit season, July-Sept.; color, yellowish-green, shading to purplish red; Illus. in USDA Yearbook 1910. Seed medium. (CAS Yearbook 1950) Origin, FL; Race, WI; Flowering group A (Lahav & Gazit)
FAMOSARegistered 1954 (CAS Yearbook 1956)
FARIAa Puerto Rican variety. (J.Morton)
FARNSWORTHOriginated in Hawaii. Fruit season, Aug.-Sept.; color, green; weight, 24 ozs.; shape, obovoid; skin, smooth. Seed, medium. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
FASHEROrigin, ISR; Race, Mex; Flowering group B (Lahav & Gazit)
FERNL(Mex.) Regist. 1949 Tree originated by J.E. Leonard & located on his place on Monte Vista Dr., Vista, CA; planted 1937; production 120 lbs. 1948; growth, 18 ft. tall, thrifty; hardy. Fruit season, Sept.-Jan.; color, light green; weight, 5 3/4 ozs.; shape, pyriform; skin, thin, smooth, does not peel from flesh; flavor, fair minus; oil, 20% Mar. 8th. Seed 1 3/4/ozs. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
FERRY(Guat.) Originated as seedling planted 1898 on Dr. F.C. Ferry place, Hollywood, CA. Fruit season Apr.-June; color, green; weight 5-8 ozs.; shape, pyriform; skin, rough. Seed, small. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
FIFTEEN(Guat.) (Syn. Stevens No.15) Introduced by W.D. Stephens, Montebello, CA from Mexico. Many old trees still bearing. Fruit season, Mar.-Apr.; color, greenish, purple; weight, 17 ozs.; shape, long pyriform necked; skin, rough; oil content, 16%. Seed, medium. Shipping quality, poor. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
FIVE STAR(Hybrid) July to September ripening, green, black or both when hard, black skin when soft, 10-20 ozs, peels easily, pit size varies from small to large, very pebbly skin, medium thick to very thick, oval round shape with well centered stem, pit is tight in cavity, flesh is very attractive. Variety is part of the UCR breeding program. Several trees at South Coast Research Station, Irvine,CA. (J.R. Frink 1998)
FLAMINGOFlowering group A (Lahav & Gazit)
FORDFlowering group A (Lahav & Gazit)
FORT DRUMFlowering group B (Lahav & Gazit)
FORTUNA(Hybrid) Regist. 1949 Tree originated by & located on property of Dr. P.L. Kovach at Vista, CA.; planted 1945; 1949 had record crop; resistance to frost about same as Fuerte; fruit season, Dec.-Apr.; color, purple; weight 7 1/2 ozs.; shape, pyriform; skin, thin, smooth, peels from flesh; flavor, good minus; oil, 15%, Apr. 6th. Seed, 1 1/4 ozs. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
FOUR THOUSANDFruit season, August; skin, medium thick; flavor, good plus; oil, 12.4%; fiber, some; keeping quality, good. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
FOWLER(Mex.) Originated from seed planted 1902 on place of Mrs. E.M. Fowler, Pasadena, CA. Fruit season, Oct.-Dec.; color, light green; weight 4-8 ozs; shape, oblong to oval; skin smooth; oil 21%. Seed, medium. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
FRANCES(Guat.) Originated 1927 on A.R. Rideout place, Whittier, CA. Tree a vigorous grower. Easily propagated. Precocious. Fruit season, Nov.-Feb.; color, light green; weight, 14 ozs.; shape, pyriform; skin, leathery & smooth; quality good, Seed, medium. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
FRANKFlowering group A (Lahav & Gazit)
FRAZER(Hybrid) 9-17 oz., lemon shaped, green hard, black soft, pebbly fruit of medium taste quality, usually summer ripening, light production. 1 tree at South Coast Research Station, Irvine, CA. field 44, row 10, tree #22. (J.R. Frink 1998)
FREDERIKSTED BANK(Danish West Indies Bank) Orig. in St. Croix, U.S. Virgin Islands by Ira Ross & Winifred de Castro, discovered by U.S.D.A. Res. Serv., U.S. Virgin Islands. Introd. in 1956. Parentage unknown, probably West Indian variety. Fruit: 4 1/2 to 5 " in diam.; average weight 1 1/2 lb; round; no neck, skin develops reddish or purplish cast when ready to harvest;flesh yellow,attractive thick,nonwatery;flavor nutty & excellent;quality excellent;ripens 1 Oct.-15 Nov.Tree: orig.tree planted in backyard of the Danish West Indies Bank, also known as the Frederiksted Bank, from seed of avocado bought from a sloop coming from the British Virgin Islands; tree badly damaged by hurricane Betsy in 1956 & cut down in 1957 to make room for construction; budwood obtained by above station; pollination type unknown. (B&O Register)
FREY(Guat.) Originated 1915 from seed planted by O. Ruf at Baldwin Park, CA. Fruit season, Apr.-Aug.; color, green; weight 15-18 ozs.; shape, pyriform with some crook necked; skin, leathery, smooth; flavor, good. Seed, small. (CAS Yearbook 1950) One tree is growning at South Coast Research Station, Irvine, CA, field 46, row 57. (J.R.Frink 1998)
FROWEOrig. in Honolulu, Hawaii, by Chester E. Frowe. Introd. in 1957. Open pollinated seedling of West Indian type; selected in 1952. Fruit: elliptical; 18 to 30 oz; skin smooth, dark purple; seed size medium, loose in cavity; flesh buttery, with distinctive nutty flavor, quality excellent; ripens Sept. to Dec. Tree: prolific, low headed and spreading. (B&O Register) Origin, HI; Race, WI; Flowering group, B (Lahav & Gazit)
FUCHSAlso goes by Fuchsia & Fuchs Early. Orig. in Homestead, FL, by C.T. Fuchs, Sr. Introd.1926. Parentage unknown, of West Ind. type; first fruited in 1916. Fruit: 10-18 oz; pyriform to oblong; skin light green, smooth, appearance attractive; flesh greenish-yellow, oil content 4%-6%, quality good; seed med. size, loose in cavity; very early in maturity, June-Aug.; shipping quality very poor.Tree: grows vigorously; bears at young age & regularly; flowering group A; minor commercial cultivar in FL.(B&O Register) ('Fuchsia') (seed of unknown origin planted in Homestead,FL, in 1910; propagated commercially 1926); pear-shaped to oblong, sometimes with a neck; of med. size; skin smooth; flesh pale greenish-yellow; 4-6% oil; seed loose. Season: early June-Aug.; a poor shipper. Tree not very productive in FL; no longer popular in commercial groves.(J.Morton)
FUCHS - 20Orig. at Institute of Horticulture Ag. Research Organization, The Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, IS, by A. Kadman & A. Ben Ya'acov. Introd.1981. Seedling of the FL Fuchs (West Ind.) cv. that survived irrigation with highly saline water (1330 ppm NaCl) & could be propagated from cuttings. Fruit: ellipsoid, of med.-lg. size (13-16 oz);flesh very good in flavor,with 12%-13% oil content; skin smooth, pale green covered with numerous yellowish lenticels during ripening season (Oct.).Tree: large vigorous, to 33 ft. height, with large dark-green leaves; free of sunblotch viroid when selected. Yields are relatively low. This cultivar's primary use is as an asexually propagated rootstock for commercial cultivars planted in soils of high salinity. Cuttings rooted in an experiment at rates higher than 70%, & showed high uniformity & tolerance to salinity. Trees of various cultivars grafted on Fuchs-20 rootstocks have shown excellent performance in a commercial orchard irrigated with water containing 300-400 ppm of chlorine. (B&O Register) (a seedling of Fuchs selected in IS);ellipsoid; med.to lg.; skin smooth, speckled with yellowish lenticels when ripe; flesh flavor is excellent. Season:med.-late (Oct.). Tree is vigorous but a poor bearer; seedlings vary in salt-tolerance but cuttings of resistant selections perform well in saline conditions. (J.Morton 1987)
FUCHSIA(W.I.) Florida (Syn. Fuchs & Fuchs Early) Originated about 1910 from seed of unknown origin on place of C.T. Fuchs, Sr., Homestead, FL. Propagated commercially 1926. It is thrifty, prolific, & precocious. It is tender to frost. It is recommended for So. FL. Fruit season, June - Aug.; color, light green; weight 10-18 ozs.; shape, pyriform to oblong, occasionally necked; skin, smooth; flavor, good; oil 4-6%. Illus. & desc. FL Ag. Exp. Sta. Bul. 272. Seed. medium. (CAS Yearbook 1950) (=Fuchs) Origin, FL; Race, WI; Flowering group, A (Lahav & Gazit)
FUERTE(Guat.x Mex.)Intro.1911 as No.15 by Carl Schmidt for West India Gardens, Altadena, CA., from Atlixco, Mex.,elev. 6150 feet. It is a spreading vigorous tree with decidedly alternate year bearing habit.The leading variety in CA. for shipping & general market Furnishes 60-70% of state production. For accounts of parent tree, see An. Rept. Cal. Avo. Soc.1919-1920 &1936.Fruit season, Nov.- June. Color, green. Wt. 8-16 ozs. Shape, pyriform. Skin, thin, leathery. Flavor, excellent. Oil 18%.Illus. An. Rept. 1916 & Cal. Agr. Ext. Service Circ. 43, Revised. Analyses in Yearbook 1920-21 Also in Jour Ag. Research Vol. 54, No.9 & in USDA Bul.1073.(CAS Yearbook 1950)Although the Fuerte tree is cold resistant, spring- time temperatures appear to strongly affect blossom set & production. Production & fruit size on individual trees vary considerably leading to the assumption that there are different strains of Fuerte, however when studying the productive trees they are found to be in areas with warmer temps at flower production time. Production of Hass improves with proximity to Fuerte. B flower type. (J.R.Frink 1998)(a natural hybrid orig. at Atlixco,Mex.; introd. into CA in 1911); pear-shaped; sm. to med. or a little larger; skin slightly rough to rough, with many small yellow dots, thin, not adherent to flesh; flesh green near skin, 12-17% oil;seed sm., tight.Season: Jan.-Aug. in southern CA.; Dec.-Feb. in IS;Apr.& May in Queensland,&New South Wales;mid-Aug. to Oct.in New Zealand. Tree is broad, very productive, but tends to bear biennially. Subject to scab & anthracnose in FL. Formerly very popular in CA(61%of all avocados shipped); now second to Hass because of a trend to summer instead of winter production & marketing that began in 1972. It is the leading cultivar in Chile where it bears moe dependably than in CA. It is a very erratic bearer in IS. Represents 42% of all AUS plantings. Has long been the leading avocado on the European market. (J.Morton 1987)
FUJIKAWAOrigin, HI; Race, Guat.; Flowering group, B (Lahav & Gazit)
FULFORD(W.I.) Grown before 1916 at U.S. Pl. Intro. Gardens, Miami, FL. (CAS Yearbook 1950) Origin, FL; Race, WI; Flowering group, B (Lahav & Gazit)
FURNIVAL NO. 1(Syn. of Ameca.) (CAS Yearbook 1950)
GAE FUERTEOrig. in Yorba Linda, Calif., by George Kellogg. Introd. in 1954. Bud mutation of Fuerte; discovered about 1935. Fruit: averages 7.6oz; seed averages 1.7oz; extends the Fuerte season, sometimes maturing as late as Aug.; resembles Fuerte. Tree: productive. No longer propagated. (B&O Register)
GAGE(Guat.) Originated on E.D. Gage place, Fullerton, CA. Fruit season, August; color, green; weight 12-16 ozs.; shape, spherical; skin, rough. Seed, medium. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
GAHRE(Guat.) Regist.1942 Prop. commercially. Originated on Gahre place on Highland St., Carlsbad. Fruit season, May to late fall; color, deep purple; weight 11 ozs.; shape, pyriform; skin, thick, peels; flavor, fair; oil 16%; fibre, some, Seed, 3 ozs. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
GAINSVILLEOrigin, FL; Race, Mex; Flowering group, B (Lahav & Gazit)
GALLOUPE(Guat.) Syn. Eagle Rock) Originated on Galloupe place, Eagle Rock, CA. Fruit season, spring in CA; Jan.-Mar. in FL; color, green; weight, 24-32 ozs.; shape, near spherical; seed med. Illus. & desc. FL Ag. Ex. Sta. Bul. 272. (CAS Yearbook 1950) Origin, CA; Race, Guat.; Flowering group, B (Lahav & Gazit)
GALOOrigin, Puerto Rico; Race, GxWI; Flowering group, B (Lahav & Gazit)
GALVANA
GALVANA GREENGalvana & Galvana Green both mentioned in Rept. St. Lucia Dept. Agr. 1935.
GANO(Syn. of Patent 100) (CAS Yearbook 1950) Orig. in Whittier, Calif., by Jennie C. Gano. Introd. in 1935. Plant patent 100; 7 Aug. 1934. Open-pollinated seedling of Colarado selected in 1918. Fruit: pyriform, rather long, 5"; skin thick, tough, dull green; size averages 1 lb.; flesh light yellow, firm, little fiber, oil content about 20%, flavor excellent; season July & Aug. Tree: vigorous, upright; stands frost slightly better than most Guatemalan types, but less resistant than Fuerte; bears well; leaves broader at base than Fuerte, with pronounced veining. Now obsolete. (B&O Register)
GANTER(Mex.) P.I. 39374 Orig.1905 as seedling tree planted by A.R. Rideout at 622 Magnolia St., Whittier, CA. Later owned by A.M. Ganter, then & at present, 1950, by H.A. Woodworth. Propagated 1908. Used as seedling. Fruit season, Oct. - Dec. Color, green. Wt., 4-9 ozs. Shape, oval. Skin, smooth. Quality good. Oil 18%. Seed, med. Illus. in the An. Rept. of Cal. Avo. Soc., 1916. Also illus. in Cal. Ag. Ex. Sta. Bul. 365. The shipping quality is poor. It is fair for local markets, but spoils at apex. (CAS Yearbook 1950) One tree is growing as South Coast Research Station, Irvine, CA, Field 46, row 57 tree #17. (J.R.Frink 1998) Origin, CA; Race, Mex.; Flower group, B (Lahav & Gazit)(orig.1905 in CA; introd.into IS in 1943); sm., about 5 1/2oz(150g); of good quality, 18%oil; seed sm.-med., usually loose. Season: oct.-Dec. in CA;second half of Sept. in IS. Tree is sm. yields no more than 44 lbs(20kg) per year. Poor shipper.(J.Morton 1987)
GARCIA(of California) Originated 1921 on place of M. Garcia, Duarte, CA. Fruit season, Jan.-Mar.; color, green, weight, 15-20 ozs.; shape, pyriform; skin, smooth. Seed, medium. (CAS Yearbook 1950) Origin, CA; Race, Mex.; Flowering group, A (Lahav & Gazit)
GARCIA (PUERTO RICO)(of Puerto Rico) Puerto Rico Listed as native variety in Rept. Agr. Exp. Sta. University Puerto Rico 1934-35. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
GARDNER
GAZZAMOrigin, CA; Race, Mex.; Flowering group, A (Lahav & Gazit)
GEHEE(Mex.) Regist. 1950 Tree originated in orchard near the corner of Glendora Ave. & Highway 66 at Glendora, CA, size, very tall. Fruit season, March-May; color, dark green; weight, 9 1/2 ozs.; shape, obloid; skin, thin & smooth, peels from flesh; flavor, excellent minus; oil, 22.90%; keeping quality fair. Seed, 2 1/2 ozs. (CAS Yearbook 1950) Origin, CA; Race, Mex.; Flowering group, A (Lahav & Gazit)
GEIBRegistered 1951 (CAS Yearbook 1956)
GEM(Hybrid) Regist.1944 Originated by Wm.L.Troyer at1544 N.Hill Ave.,Pasadena, CA, from Lyon seed. Fruit season,July-Sept.;color, green; weight,9 ozs.; shape, ovoid; skin,smooth,peels;flavor,fair plus;oil 19.33%.Seed,1.25 ozs.(CAS Yearbook 1950) Orig.in Fullerton,CA,by Lawrence W.Sherwood,Sherwood Specialty Nursery. Introd.in 1947.Plant patent 773; 30 Dec.1947.Chance seedling; discovered among a number of trees grown from seeds of a Mex.seedling of unknown parentage planted about 1907.Fruit:8-12 oz,averaging 4.50"long & 2.50"in diam.; pyriform; skin bright purple,attractive,smooth,glossy;seed small;flesh pale yellow, flavor mild, buttery, oil content high, quality very good; ripens 15 Sept. in southern CA. Tree: upright spreading; bears well; blooms 1.50 to 2 months before Fuerte. Now obsolete. (B&O Register)
GEM (Gray E. Martin)(Hybrid) Originally 3-29-5. Green, black or both when hard, black when soft, thick, pebbly skin which usually peels easily but skin is sometimes fragile, attractive flesh, seed tight in cavity of medium to medium large size. Fruit size is 7 -15 ozs, but usually 10-11 ozs. I have actually had fine flavored, attractive fruit every month of the year from the trees at South Coast Research Station, Irvine with the highest taste test scores in Aug., Sept., & Oct. Flower type A. (J.R. Frink 1998) Flower type A, better producer than Hass, 4 mo. later than Hass with smoother skin. (From G. Martin article in 1993 CAS Yearbook)
GENERAL BUREAUOne tree is growing at South Coast Research Station, Irvine, CA. field 46, row 57, tree #1. (J.R.Frink 1998) Origin, Morocco; Race, WI; Flowering group A (Lahav & Gazit)
GEORGE(Guat.) Regist. 1939 Originated on Lot 55, Vista Grande Tract, Vista, CA. Fruit season, May-Oct.; color, green; weight, 13 ozs.; shape, oval; skin, medium & peels; flavor, good plus; oil, 24.28% in Aug. Seed, large, 3 1/4 ozs. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
GERTZ(W.I.) Hawaii Originated in Hawaii. Fruit season June-Aug.; color, maroon; weight 24-32 ozs.; shape, pyriform; skin, smooth, pitted; quality, fair. Seed, medium. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
GILOrig. at Akko Expt. Station, Western Galilee, Israel, by E. Lahav, D. Zamet, & S. Gazit. Seedling of Tova by unknown pollen parent.Introd. in 1995, to be patented. Fruit: pear-shaped with a short neck, med. to relatively large,9-14 oz,flesh pale yellow with green margins near the skin, buttery firm to slightly doughy at end of harvest season;flavor good,somewhat nutlike but with occasional slight bitterness;skin black,pebbled, similar or slightly thicker than that of Hass, easily separated from flesh; seed relatively large (16%-18% of fruit weight), tight in cavity; season about 6 months, from end of Dec.-June. Tree: upright & medium small (smaller than Hass), without anise scent in leaves, similar to Hass in cold resistance. Flowering group A; planted throughout the avocado growing region in Israel; recommended for high summer temperature areas where the relatively large fruit size may be reduced. (B&O Register)
GILDEE(Guat.) Regist. 1939 Originated 1923 at Santa Paula, CA, on place of Elisha E. Converse, named for his daughter. Fruit season, Sept.-Nov.; color, green; weight, 8 1/2 ozs.; shape, pyriform; loose skin; oil, 15%. Seed very large. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
GIMENEZWest Indian variety of unknown ancestry. (J Morton)
GINARegistered 1951 (CAS Yearbook 1956)
GLENDALE(Guat.) Regist.1944 Originated by W.F. Miller at Vista, CA. Fruit season, Mar.-May; color, green; weight, 10 ozs.; shape, pyriform; skin, medium smooth, does not peel; flavor, good; oil 25.06%. Seed, 1 oz. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
GLORIA(Guat.) Originated 1913 at Chas. Lange place, West Anaheim, CA. Fruit season, Mar.-Apr.; color green; weight 16-20 ozs.; shape, oval. Seed, medium. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
GOERINGFlorida Originated as possible Fuerte seedling from John Beach grown by F.G. Goering of Ozona, FL. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
GOLDIEOriginated at San Diego, CA. Fruit, oil 26.7%. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
GOMEZCuban A Cuban variety listed in 1917. Fruit season, Dec.-Jan.; size, large; quality, good. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
GORDO(Guat.) Introduced 1911 by Carl Schmidt for W. India Gardens, Altadena, CA., from Atlixco, Mex. Fruit season, May, June; color, deep purple; size 4" long; shape, nearly spherical; skin, rough. (CAS Yearbook 1950) Two of these trees are growing at South Coast Research Station, Irvine, CA, Field 44, row 7, trees #25 & 26. After 6 years of testing we are finding these to have poor flavor. Guat., very round, rough skinned, alternate bearing, black skin, very attractive flesh, 16 - 23 oz, pit small to very small. (J.R. Frink 1998)
GOSSMANOrig. in Homestead, Fla., by Otis L. Gossman. Introd. in 1958. Parentage unknown; discovered before 1958. Fruit: flavor and texture good; ripens late; somewhat resembles Lula; flowering group B; minor commercial cultivar in Florida. (B&O Register) Origin, FL; Race, WI; Flowering group, B (Lahav & Gazit)
GOTTFRIED(Mex.) FL P.I.19094 &46337 Orig. from seed planted 1906 at U.S. Plant Introd. Gardens,Miami,FL.Received from Edward Gottfried,Key Largo,FL.Fruit season, Aug., Sept.;color, purplish;wt.10-20 ozs.;shape,pyriform; quality fair to good; oil 9.13%. Seed med. Desc. FL. Ag. Ex. Sta. Bul.272.(CAS Yearbook 1950) Orig. in Miami,FL, by the U.S. Plant Introduction Station. Introd. in 1920. Open-pollinated seedling of a Mex. seedling growing at the residence of Edward Gottfried, Key Largo; first fruited 1914; selected in 1918; P.I. 46337. Fruit: pyriform;12-20 oz; skin smooth, purplish-maroon when mature;ripens Aug.-Oct. Tree:vigorous; hardy; does not bear well on the lower FL east coast, better on its west coast; flower group A; for home gardens in marginal (cold winter) cultural areas. (B&O Register)(seed of a seedling on Key Largo planted at USDA,Miami, in 1906; distributed in 1918); pear-shaped; med. size; skin smooth, purple; flesh of excellent quality, 9-13%oil; seed med.Season: Aug.-Oct. Tree prolific in CA; a poor bearer in so. FL & subject to anthracnose, but hardy & desirable for home gardens on west coast of FL.(J.Morton 1987)
GOVERNMENT HOUSEMentioned in Rept. St. Lucia Dept. Agr. 1935.
GRAHAM(Guat.) Regist.1945. PI. Patent 662, Nov.27,1945. Prop. commercially. Originated at La Habra,CA by M.M.Graham.Fruit season,May-Sept;color,green; weight,12 ozs.; shape, pyriform; skin, medium,does not peel;flavor,good minus; oil, 26.59%. Seed 3/4 oz.(CAS Yearbook 1950) Orig.in La Habra, CA, by Melville M. Graham.Introd. in 1945. Plant patent 662; 27 Nov.1945; assigned to Armstrong Nurseries, Ont., CA. Open pollinated seedling of Lyon; selected in 1944; Guat. type. Fruit: medium to large,averaging 16-18 oz,with a range from 11-29 oz; pyriform;skin dark green, oil content high, averaging 25%-27%,flavor excellent,good keeping quality, flesh resistant to discoloration when exposed to air; matures April-June, Tree: vigor medium; habit moderately upright;alternate bearing; fairly tender to frost; more easily propagated than Lyon. Nursery trees sold 1945 -1951, mostly for home plantings; discontinued in 1952 because of lack of demand. (B&O Register)
GRANDE(Guat.) Introduced 1911 by Carl Schmidt for West India Gardens, Altadena, CA. from Atlixco, Mex. Fruit season, Apr., May; color, green to purple; weight 32 ozs.; shape, pyriform; skin, rough. Seed, medium. (CAS Yearbook 1950) Origin, Mex.; Race, Guat.; Flowering group, A (B) (Lahav & Gazit)(brought to CA.in 1911 from Atlixco, Mexico); pear-shaped; lg.; skin rough, green to purplish; seed of med. size, tight. Season: late (Dec.&Jan. in FL; Apr. & May in CA). Grown in CA & Puerto Rico. Tree is a heavy bearer around Mayaguez. (J.Morton 1987)
GRANORegistered 1954 (CAS Yearbook 1956)
GRANT(W.I.) P.I. 18731 Florida Introduced 1906 from Brantown, Bahama Isl. to U.S; Pl. Introduction Gardens, Miami, FL. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
GREEN GOLDOrig. in Haleakala Branch Station, Hawaii by R.A. Hamilton, Univ. of Hawaii. Introd in 1982.Sharwill x open pollinated seedling.Cross made in 1962; selected in 1970;tested as HAL R27T8.Fruit:size 12 oz; oval;skin green; seed 16% of fruit weight;flesh quality good; ripens Feb.- May, good handling quality. Tree: medium, upright; very productive, tendency to alternate bearing; vigor medium; tolerant to ethylene dibromide fumigation, anthracnose, thrips, and rust mite damage. (B&O Register) A few trees are growing at South Coast Research Station, Irvine, CA. In field 44, row 13, #6 &13 are two newly grafted Green Gold trees. (J.R. Frink 1998) Origin, HI; Race, Guat.; Flowering group, A (Lahav & Gazit) Green Gold is a Sharwil selection developed by the University of Hawaii. Like the parent, the Green Gold is pyriform shaped, rich and nutty, with a small seed. It is a prolific bearer maturing its fruits primarily during the spring months. Type A flower.( Frankie's Nursery, Waimanalo, Hawaii 1999)
GREEN HASS MAYERSOrigin, CA; Race, Guat.; Flowering, B (Lahav & Gazit)
GREENSTEMOrigin, CA; Race, GxWI; Flowering group, A (Lahav & Gazit)
GRIPINA(Nos. 1,9,10,20) Origin, PR; Race, GxWI; flowering group, A (Lahav & Gazit)
GRIPINA also(Nos. 2-8, 11-16, 18,19) Origin, RP; Race, GxWI; Flowering group, B (Lahav & Gazit)
GUADALUPE(W.I.) P.I. 40989 Introduced 1915 by F.W. Popenoe USDA from near Placetas, Cuba. Fruit season, Sept.; color, gren; weight 12-14 ozs.; shape, broad pyriform. Seed, medium. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
GUAMEX(Guat. x Mex.) Originated at Orange, CA. Fruit season, Jan.-Apr.; color, black; weight 8 ozs.; shape oblique, obovoid; skin, smooth. Seed, large. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
GUATEMALA(Guat.) Florida Originated on place of Geo. W. Smith, West Palm Beach, about 1934 as seedling of unknown tree. tree heavy bearing alternate years. Certified 1944. Not disease resistant. Fruit season, Nov.-Dec.; color, green; weight, 14-20 ozs.; shape, obliquely pyriform; skin, smooth, glossy, & somewhat leathery but brittle; quality, good; oil, 11%. Seed, large. (CAS Yearbook 1950) Origin, Guat.; Race, Guat.; Flowering group, A (Lahav & Gazit)
GUERERACan be found at South Coast Field Station, Irvine, CA. field 46. (J.R. Frink 1998)
GULFSTREAM(Guat. x W.I.) FL Originated on place of Geo. W. Smith, West Palm Beach, about 1934 as seedling of unknown tree. Tree heavy bearing alternate years. Certified 1944. Not disease resistant. Fruit season,Nov.-Dec.; color, green; weight,14-20 ozs.; shape, obliquely pyriform; skin, smooth, glossy, & somewhat leathery but brittle; quality, good; oil, 11%. Seed, large. (CAS Yearbook 1950) Orig. in West Palm Beach, FL,by G.W.Smith. Introd. in 1944. Parentage unknown but assumed to be a hybrid of the West Indian race with a variety of the Guat. race; seed planted in 1934; first fruited in 1940. Fruit: size medium, averaging 16-18 oz; shape pyriform;skin smooth, bright light green, glossy;flesh bright yellow, oil content 11%, quality good; season mostly Oct. with a range to Dec.; seed large. Tree: flower type B; tends to alternate bearing. No longer propagated. (B&O Register)
GULICK(W.I.) Hawaii Originated at Honolulu. Fruit color, green; weight 22 ozs.; shape, obovoid; skin, somewhat rough; quality, good. Seed, small. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
GURREY(W.I.) Hawaii Originated at Honolulu. Fruit season, summer; color, purple; weight, 24-32 ozs.; shape, obovoid; skin, smooth; quality excellent. Seed, medium. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
GUS(Mex.) Regist. 1943 Originated at 6500 Springfield St., San Diego, CA, by John M. Reinecke. Fruit season, Sept.-Jan.; color, deep purple; weight, 5 1/2 ozs.; quality, good; oil, 18.82%. Seed, 1 3/4 ozs. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
GWENOrig.in Univ.of CA avocado breeding program by B.O.Bergh;seedling of Hass.Introd. in 1982. Plant patent 5298; 23 Oct.1984. Fruit: size medium, 10oz; flavor excellent; skin green, moderately thick & rough, easily separated from flesh; seed small.Tree: heavy bearer(approx. 20,000 lbs/acre). Flowering group A. (B&O Register) Very susceptible to Persea mite damage, sunburn and tree stress due to very heavy production. Stressed fruit has a round shape whereas non stressed fruit is more pear shaped. A number of these trees are growing at South Coast Research Station, Irvine, CA. (J.R. Frink 1998) Origin, CA; Race,GXM; Flowering group A (Lahav & Gazit)
HABERSHAM(Possibly Guat. x W.I.) (Syn. Sherman) Originated about 1907 on Sherman Pl., Hollywood, CA from seed from Honduras. Fruit season, Dec.-Jan.; color, light green; weight 20-30 ozs.; shape, long pyriform, necked, stem offset; skin, smooth. Seed, medium. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
HADEN(W.I.) P.I. 13730 Florida Presented 1905 to USDA Pl. Introduction Gardens, Miami, FL, by Geo. B. Cellon. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
HAES 6/5Origin, HI; Race, WIxG?; Flowering group, B (Lahav & Gazit)
HAES 7315(=Hayes) Origin, HI; Race, GxWI; Flowering group, A (Lahav & Gazit)
HAILOrig. in Miami, FL, by Willis Hall. Introd. in 1938. Parentage unknown (probably a West Indian x Guat. hybrid); selected in 1937. Fruit: large; pyriform; skin bright green, handsome; season Nov.- Mar., resembles Monroe in being excellent for the limited fancy fruit market. Tree: alternate but heavy bearer; flowering group B; major commercial cultivar in Florida. (B&O Register)
HAL R 27 T 27Origin, HI; Race, WI; Flowering group, A (Lahav & Gazit)
HAL R 27 T 40Origin, HI; Flowering group, B (Lahav & Gazit)
HAL R 28 T 18Origin, HI; Race, WIxG?; Flowering group, A (Lahav & Gazit)
HAL R 4 T 41Origin, HI; Flowering group, B (Lahav & Gazit)
HALEY(Guat.) Hawaii Originated 1918 as seedling of McDonald planted on ranch of Haley Bros., Pupukea, Oahu, HA. Fruit season, winter; color, green; weight, 19 ozs.; shape, oval; skin, smooth, glossy. Illus.& desc. HA Ag. Sta. Bul. 51. Probably leading variety. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
HALLFlorida Originated on place of Willis Hall, Miami as seedling of unknown origin. Tree heavy bearing & hardy. Fruit season, Nov., Dec.; color, dk. green; weight 20- 30 ozs.; shape, pyriform; skin, smooth, thick; quality, fine; oil, 12-16%. Seed medium. (CAS Yearbook 1950) Origin, FL; Race, WIxG; Flowering group, B (Lahav & Gazit) (originated in Miami; of unknown parentage; fruited in 1937, propagated in 1938); pear-shaped; lg.;skin smooth, fairly thick; flesh deep-yellow, 12-16% oil; seed med. lg.,tight. Season: Nov. & Dec. Heavy bearer & cold-hardy but subject to scab. (J.Morton 1987)
HALSTEDRegistered 1948 (CAS Yearbook 1956)
HAMMOCKFlowering group, A (Lahav & Gazit)
HANSENRace, WI; Flowering group, B (Lahav & Gazit)
HANSONFlowering group, B (Lahav & Gazit)
HARDEE(W.I.) Florida Fruit season, Aug.; color, greenish yellow; weight, 16-20 ozs.; shape, elliptical. (CAS Yearbook 1950) Origin, FL; Race, WI; Flowering group, B (Lahav & Gazit)
HARDY(Mex.) Syn. of Taft Hardy) Originated at C.P. Taft place, Orange, CA. Propagated 1913. Fruit color, purple; weight 3-5 ozs; shape, obovoid. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
HARMAN(Mex.) P.I. 39375 Originated as seedling received 1899 from Mex. by Mrs. Chas. Horn & planted on her place. Later owned by E.N. Harman. Foothill Blvd., Hollywood, CA. Many old trees bearing. Fruit season, Oct.-Dec.; color, green; weight, 10 ozs.; shape, obliquely obovoid; skin, smooth glossy; oil 19%. Shipping quality poor. Seed, large. (CAS Yearbook 1950) Origin, Mex.; Race, Guat.; Flowering group, B (Lahav & Gazit)
HARMS(Guat.) Regist. 1949 Tree originated by & located on C.F.Harms place at 1547 Chestnut St. Carlsbad,CA. Seed planted 1940. Production, for 3or4 yrs. Growth, upright. Fruit season, Aug.-Oct.Color, green.Weight, 9 ozs. Shape, pyriform. Skin, medium thick, peels from flesh,flavor, excellent. Oil 27%.Sept.21. Seed,1.50 ozs. (CAS Yearbook 1950) Orig. in Carlsbad, CA, by Carl F. Harms. Introd. about 1952. Parentage unknown, but of Guat. race; tree planted about 1940; selected about 1946. Fruit: pyriform;7-9 oz; skin medium pebbled, green; flavor good, with high oil content; season July-Oct.; keeping quality very good; seed size medium. Tree: blooms late; appears resistant to thrips; claimed to have cold resistance; still planted in CA dooryards.(B&O Register)
HARRILD(Hybrid) Regist. 1933. Originated 1927 at Carlsbad, CA, on place of P.R. Harrild. Fruit season, Mar.-May; color, green; weight, 17 1/2 ozs.; shape, pyriform; flavor, fair minus; oil, 13.9%. Seed large, 4 ozs. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
HARRIS(Guat.) FL Originated at Homestead, FL from seed of Wagner planted in 1930. Fruited first 1933,propagated commercially 1938.Fruit season, Dec.-Feb.; color, green; weight 14-18 ozs.; shape, obovate; skin, pebbled, thick; quality, good; oil, 10-16%. Seed, medium. Resembles Wagner but thicker flesh & smaller seed. Also more thrifty.(CAS Yearbook 1950) Orig.in Homestead,FL, by W.K.Walton. Introd. in 1940.Open-pollinated seedling of Wagner; selected in 1935. Fruit: size medium; obovate;skin dull,dark green;pebbled, resembles Booth 7;flesh light yellow, with some fiber, quality good, oil content10%-16%; season mid-Dec.to mid-Feb.; seed med. to large, tight in cavity; resembles Wagner. Tree: heavy bearer; flowering group A. No longer propagated. (B&O Register)
HARTOriginated in Hawaii. Fruit season, Oct.-Dec.; color, green; weight, 29 ozs.; shape, pyriform, necked; skin, undulate; quality, good. Seed, medium. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
HART RUSSET(Guat.) Originated at E.G. Hart place, N. Whittier Heights, CA. Fruit season, Oct.-Dec.; color, green; shape, oblong, oval. Seed medium. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
HARTMAN(Guat.) Regist. 1949 Tree originated by Dr. P.L. Kovach & located on property formerly owned by the late Sam Thompson, Vista, CA; seed planted 1931; resistance to frost about same as Fuerte;growth, upright,vigorous. Fruit season, Aug.-Sept.; color, green; weight, 11 ozs.; shape, obloid; skin, smooth, peels from flesh;flavor, good;oil 22.5%Sept.9. Seed,3 ozs.(CAS Yearbook 1950)Orig. in Vista, CA, by Paul L. Kovach. Introd.1947. Parentage unknown; selected in 1936. Fruit: oblate; skin green, smooth, peels easily from flesh;flavor good;oil content about 22%;matures during late July &early Aug.;resembles a large Fuerte; good market acceptance. Tree: vigorous; upright, stately; symmetrical; budded trees mature fruit earlier. No longer propagated. (B&O Register)
HARVEST(Hybrid) Very productive tree, black fruit, with excellent shelf life. Variety is very new, developed by UCR breeding program. Dr. Bob Bergh & Gray Martin submitted declaration of invention form for Harvest in 1997. Season is later than Hass. Fruit appearance is similar to Hass but more round oval than the pear oval of Hass. (J.R. Frink 1998)
HASHIMOTO(Guat) A round 15-27 oz. fruit with very thick, pebbly skin. Large tree with good production. Shell-like, very, very, thick skin makes it impossible to tell when this fruit is ready. You must wait until stem wobbles loose then stick tooth pick in to tell softness. Fruit is good for a very short time. If not caught at just the right time flavor is rancid & terrible. Blossom type B, Seed very small to med. large. One tree is growing at South Coast Research Station, Irvine, CA, field 44, row 9, tree 5. (J.R.Frink 1998) Origin, HI; Flowering group, B (Lahav & Gazit)
HASS(Guat.)Regist.1932 Plant Patent139 Aug. 27,1935 Origin.1926 from seed planted by R.G.Hass at 430 West Road, La Habra Hts.,CA. A vigorous upright grower. Propagates readily. Is a good bearer. Individual trees alternate bearing. A Hass variety orchard bears quite uniformly. Fruit season, Apr.-Nov. Color, green, turning dark on tree,black when soft.Wt. 7-10 ozs.Shape, pyriform.Skin, pebbled, leathery. Flavor, excellent. Oil 18-25% (CAS Yearbook 1950) Orig. in La Habra, Heights, CA, by Rudolph G. Hass. Introd. in 1936. Plant patent 139; 27 Aug. 1935. Parentage unknown (but of Guat. type); selected in 1934. Fruit size med.,10 oz; flesh creamy, no fiber; flavor excellent; oil content 23.7%; skin leathery, rough, purple when ripe, thick; seed small, tight in cavity; keeping qualities excellent; good shipper; ripens in summer. Tree: heavy bearer; starts bearing second year; thrifty grower; propagated readily; flower group A. The major commercial cultivar in CA with 88% of avocado acreage in 1996. (B&O Register) Hass (incl. 670,F2), Origin,CA; Race, Guat.;flower group, A (Lahav & Gazit) (seed planted at La Habra Heights, CA; regist.1932); pear-shaped to ovoid; of med. size; has a tendency to be undersized except in New Zealand; skin tough, leathery, dark- purple or nearly black when ripe;pebbled;fairly thin;flesh of good flavor,18-22% oil,generally; up to 35%in Queensland; seed sm. Season: begins in mid-Mar,in CA; Nov.-Jan. in Queensland; mid-Nov. to Mar.in New Zealand;Aug.-Sept. in New South Wales. Formerly accounted for 20% of CA. avocados shipped; now is the leading cultivar (70%of the crop in 1984),Tree bears better than Nabal in cool areas of CA,but grows tall & requires topping.This is the leading cultivar in New Zealand, representing 50% of all commercial plantings; 25% in Queensland. It is second in importance to Fuerte in Chile. (J.Morton 1987)
HASTYFlowering group, A (Lahav & Gazit)
HATHAWAY(Mex.) Originated from seedling planted 1904 on B. Hathaway place, Hollywood, CA. Fruit season, Sept.-Oct.; color, green; weight 5-8 ozs.; shape oval. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
HAWAII(Probably W.I. Hybrid.) Hawaii Fruit season, June-Aug.; color, dark green; weight 14-28 ozs.; shape, spherical to elliptical; skin, pebbled; quality, fair. (CAS Yearbook 1950) Origin, HI; Race, WI; Flowering group, A (Lahav & Gazit)
HAWAIIANOrigin, HI; Flowering group, A (Lahav & Gazit)
HAYESOne tree is growing at the South Coast Research Station, Irvine, CA., in field 44, row 5, tree 14. Pear shaped, green firm, black when soft,11-19 ozs, doesn't peel easily, attractive flesh; flavor, average minus; season Feb.-June, A flower. Originally 2 trees but one Hayes was grafted over. Tree is large & hardy & very productive. (J.R. Frink 1998) (=Haes) 7315 Origin, HI; Race, GxWI; Flower group, A (Lahav & Gazit)(a new hybrid in HI, one parent being Hass). Fruit resembles Hass but is larger; skin is glossier, is pebbled, rough, thick & becomes brown- purple. Season:late (mid-Oct. to Dec.in New Zealand). Tree is erect with drooping branches & the fruit is largely sheltered by the foliage. (J.Morton 1987)
HAYMAN(W.I.) Puerto Rico Originated in Puerto Rico. Fruit somewhat spherical & large. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
HAZZARD(Guat.) Regist. 1932 Originated 1928 from Lyon seed by A.G. Hazzard at Vista, CA. Fruit season, Apr.-July; color, green; weight, 12-16 ozs.; shape, pyriform; skin, rough, thin; flavor,good;oil 27.5%. Seed, small.(CAS Yearbook 1950) Orig. in Vista, CA, by A.G. Hazzard. Introd. in 1932. Probably an open-pollinated seedling of Lyon; discovered 1928. Fruit: pyriform,decidedly oblique; 12-15oz; skin thin, green, rather rough, peels freely; seed sm.-lg; flavor good-excellent; oil content high; season April-July; suitable only for home gardens, where it is still grown, as the crooked neck makes it unsuited for commercial packing. (B&O Register) Origin, CA; Race, Guat.; Flowering group, A (Lahav & Gazit) (seedling of Lyon planted at Vista,CA in 1928) pear-shaped; of med. size; skin rough, fairly thin; flesh of good quality,15-34% oil; seed small.Season: Apr.-July in CA, July & Aug. in Queensland where it is rated as excellent & free of external & internal diseases & discolorations in storage. The tree grows slowly, reaches only 12-15ft (3.5-4.5m), begins bearing early & is a dependable producer. Some fruits may crack if left on tree too long. More than 100 trees can be planted per acre (240 per ha) (J.Morton)
HELIX(Mex.) Originated 1928 at Avocado Villas, La Mesa, CA. First fruited 1930. Early & heavy bearer. Fruit season, Oct.-Nov; color, green; weight, 8 ozs.; shape, spherical, oblique. Seed, medium. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
HELLEN(Guat.)Regist. Nov.1938 Registered by Mrs. S.L. Duey,1227 26th St.,Santa Monica, CA. Original tree at 913-20th St., Santa Monica. Fruit season, June- Sept.; color; green; weight, 9.50 ozs.;shape, pyriform; quality, good; oil, 21.7%. Seed, medium. (CAS Yearbook 1950) Orig. in Santa Monica, CA, by Mrs. S.L. Duey. Introd. in 1941. Parentage unknown. Fruit: 9-14 oz;pyriform to round;skin dark green; seed tight; oil content 21%; flavor good; season June-Sept. Tree: upright round. No longer propagated. (B&O Register) HELLEN--a new fruit of very considerable promise, particularly for coastal areas. Originating on a city lot at Santa Monica, under adverse soil conditions, the variety has been producing on topworked trees for 6 years. A very vigorous grower & propagates with great ease. Makes a large tree, more compact, but apparently outgrows the Fuerte. Season from June-Oct. Fruit runs from 9-12 oz. Green. Varies from oval to slightly necked in shape. The skin is tough & leathery & peels easily as a glove would. The seed runs consistently small & the eating qualities of the fruit are excellent. Oil content in Oct. over 20%.(CAS Yearbook 1939) The scion wood that I took to the South Coast field station in April of 1992 came from Mary Hodson Bellemy from La Habra. Her father began growing the Hellen many years ago. The fruit is much larger than mentioned above. The trees at the Bellemys are in a field where they are picked & sold to a chain of Mexican restaurants. They are the favorite fruit of the varieties at that location. They are probably over 50 years old, large & are quite spreading, not tall. The tree at the field station is very vigorous & beautiful, grafted onto large rootstock so growing quickly.. The large 15-28 ounce fruit is plentiful & hidden inside the folige. The blossom is a B type. The season at Irvine, CA is from July through Oct. Pear shaped, beautiful fruit. (J.R. Frink 1998)
HENRY'S SELECT(Mex.)Patented Feb.9,1937, No.234 Originated 1925 as seedling by Jesse L. Jones near Escondido,CA.Fruit season, Sept.-Nov.;color,deep maroon purple; weight,12- 14 ozs.; shape, obovoid; skin, smooth, glossy; flavor, good; oil, 18%. Seed, small. (CAS Yearbook 1950) Also Henry Select. Orig. in escondido, CA, by Jesse L. Jones & Charles C. Henry; introd. in 1937. Plant patent 234; 9 Feb. 1937; taken out by Henry, assignor of 1/2 to Jones. Parentage unknown but may be a Mex. seedling; discovered in 1931. Fruit: broadly ovate;12-14 oz; skin deep maroon-purple, thin smooth, glossy; flesh smooth, no fiber; nutty flavor; oil content 18% seed small, conical, loose in cavity; season Sept.- Nov. at Escondido. Tree: usually does not bear well nor consistently, but produces satisfactorily at Escondido. Obsolete. (B&O Register)
HERBERT
HERMAN(Guat. x W.I.) FL Orig. on place on W.F. Herman, Cocoanut Grove, FL. from seed of unknown origin planted1935. Fruited first 1937; propagated commercially in 1939. It has proved prolific & hardy. Fruit season, Nov.-Jan.; color, green; wt., 10-14 ozs.;shape, obovate;skin, glossy,smooth,thin, & pliable; oil,10-14%. (CAS Yearbook 1950) Orig. in South Miami, FL, by Fred Herman. Introd.1940. Parentage unknown; selected in 1937. Fruit: quality good; season Nov.-Jan.; resembles Lula, but skin smoother. Tree: precocious & heavy bearer; flower group A; minor commercial cultivar in FL (B&O Register)(seed planted in FL in 1935); obovate; skin smooth, fairly thin, flexible; flesh yellow, 10-14% oil; seed sm. Season: fairly late (mid-Nov.to mid-Jan.). Tree a heavy bearer & hardy. (J.Morton 1987)
HERNANDEZ(W.I.) (Syn. Manuel) Cuba Originated in 1916 in Santiago de las Vegas, Cuba. Fruit season, Nov.-Dec.; color, green; weight, 24-30 ozs.; shape, pyriform. Seed, medium. (CAS Yearbook 1950) Origin, Puerto Rico; Race, WI; Flowering group, A (Lahav & Gazit)
HEROLDTwo of these trees were planted at the Southcoast Research Station, Irvine, CA in spring of 1999. Data will be taken on these two trees as they mature and we learn more about them. JRF
HERRICKCan be found at South Coast Field Station, Irvine, CA. field 46. (J.R. Frink 1998)
HEWITT(Guat.) Regist. 1937 Originated 1932 at San Diego, CA, on place of Robert T. Hamilton, probably from Benik seed, named for his mother. Fruit season, June-Sept.; color, purple; weight, 9 1/2 ozs.; shape, oval; skin, thick; flavor, good plus; oil, 15.1%. Seed, small, 1 oz. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
HICKSON(Guat.)FL Orig. in grove of J.R. Hickson, Naranja,FL as seedling of unknown origin. Fruited in 1932,top worked in 1933, nursery propagated in 1938. Heavy bearing alternate years, fruit hangs well in windstorms, but lacks cold resistance. Fruit season,Dec.-Jan.;color,green;wt.,16-20 ozs.;shape, obovate; skin, thick, rough & brittle;oil,8-10%.Seed, sm.(CAS Yearbook 1950) Orig. Naranja, FL, by J.R.Hickson. Introd.1936.Parentage unknown;selected1934.Fruit:quality excellent;ships well; season Nov.-Jan.; similar to Booth 8 in shape, but brighter green skin. Tree: fair bearing ability;class B for pollination purposes. (B&O Register) Origin, FL; Race, GxWI; Flower, B (Lahav & Gazit) (seedling, fruited in FL in 1932; propagated commercially in 1938); obovate; med.-sm.;skin slightly rough, thick, brittle; flesh of fair to good quality, 8-10% oil; seed sm.,tight. Season: late (Dec.&Jan.). Tree bears heavily every other year; is cold-sensitive.(J.Morton 1987)
HIGHLAND(Mex.) Regist. 1932 Originated about 1925 at Carlsbad, CA on place of Robert W. Baird on Highland Ave. Fruit season, Nov.-Dec.; color, purple; weight, 10 ozs.; shape, pyriform, flavor, good plus; oil, 17.5%. Seed, 2 ozs. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
HIMEBAUGHGrown in California, 1919. Fruit season, Oct.-Dec.; weight, 10-15 ozs. Seed, small. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
HLH CARTON
HOFF(Guat.) Originated 1911 on J.E. Hoff place, Hollywood, CA. Fruit season, fall; color, green; weight, 12-20 ozs.; shape, spherical to pyriform. Seed, small. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
HOLD
HOLLENBECK(Mex.) Originated at Hollenbeck place, Los Angeles, CA; propagated about 1912. Fruit season, Oct.; color, green; weight, 4-8 ozs.; shape, oval; skin, russet. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
HOLLISFlowering group, A (Lahav & Gazit)
HOLT(Guat.) Hawaii Originated about 1914 in Honolulu. Fruit season, winter; color, green; weight 19 ozs.; shape, oval; skin, glossy, undulated, thick. Seed, large. Illus. & desc. in Hawaiian Agr. Ex. Sta. Bul. 51. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
HONOLULU GREEN(W.I.) Listed 1914 by Semi-Tropic Nursery, Monrovia, CA, as a Honolulu variety. Fruit color, green; weight, 16 ozs.; quality, good. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
HORN(Mex.) Originated on Ed. Harman place, Hollywood, CA, propagated 1910. Fruit small, inferior. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
HORSHIMGreen, elongated pear shape, medium skin thickness & texture, winter ripening, alternate production. This variety sometimes is excellent, sometimes has very heavy strings. Sometimes it has heavy crops then takes a year or two off. In short it is unreliable but too good to ignore. Tree is spreading, blossom is B type. Two trees at South Coast Research Station, Irvine, CA, field 44, row 13, trees 4 &5. (J.R.Frink 1998) Origin, ISR; Race, MxG?, Flowering group, B (Lahav & Gazit)
HOSACKFlowering group, B (Lahav & Gazit)
HOWELL(Mex.) Fruit color, black; weight, 3-6 ozs.; shape, obovoid; skin, like Middleton. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
HUIRA(Mex.) P.I. 54278 Introduced 1921 by F.W. Popenoe USDA from Ibarra, Ecuador. Fruit weight, 8 ozs.; shape, obovoid; quality, excellent. Seed, large. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
HULUMANU(W.I.) Hawaii First came to growers' attention 1910 at Moanalua, Hawaii, propagated 1913. One of leading commercial varieties in Hawaii. Fruit color, green; weight 29 ozs.; shape, obovoid, slender; skin, glossy, thick; flavor, good; oil, 15.4%. Seed, medium. A commercial variety in Hawaii. (CAS Yearbook 1950) Origin, HI; Race, WI; Flowering group, A (Lahav & Gazit)
HUNAPUH(Guat.) P.I. 44628 Introduced 1917 by F.W. Popenoe USDA from Antigua, Guat. Fruit color, dull purple; weight, 24-28 ozs.; shape, obovoid to ovoid; skin, smooth. Seed, small. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
I.X.L.
IDEAL(Guat.) Introduced 1910 by Dan E. Clower of Monrovia, CA from 80 year-old tree in Mexico. Fruit season, Apr.-June; color, green; shape, obovoid; skin, rough. Seed, small. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
IGNACIOOne tree is growing at South Coast Research Station, Irvine, CA. field 46, row 57, tree #14. (J.R.Frink 1998)
ILE DE FRANCEOrigin, Morocco; Race, WI; Flowering group, B (Lahav & Gazit)
ILIALU(Guat. x W.I.) Hawaii Originated 1914 as intentional cross on Wilder by G.P. Wilder in Honolulu. Fruit, color, green; weight 13-16 ozs.; shape, pyriform; skin, rough. Seed, medium. Illus. & desc. in Hawaiian Agr. Exp. Sta. Bul. 51. (CAS Yearbook 1950) Origin, HI; Race, GxWI; Flowering group, A (Lahav & Gazit)
IMBABURA(Mex.) P.I. 54275 Introduced 1921 by F.W. Popenoe USDA from Ibarra, Ecuador. Fruit color, purple on olive green; weight, 6-7 ozs.; shape, oblong, obovoid; quality, excellent. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
INCA(Mex., possibly W.I. hybrid) P.I. 54277) Introduced 1921 by F.W. Popenoe USDA from Ibarra, Ecuador. Fruit color, pale green; weight, 10-15 ozs.; shape, pyriform to oblong; skin, smooth. Seed, small. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
INDIAN RIVER(Mex. x W.I.) Florida Originated 1927 by W.E. Sexton, Vero Beach, FL. Fruit season, Oct.; color, green; weight, 12-24 ozs; shape, oblong-obovoid; skin, thin, finely rugose; flavor, sweetish. Seed, large. (CAS Yearbook 1950) Origin, FL; Race, MxWI; Flowering group, A (Lahav & Gazit)
INEZHOLT(W.I.) Syn. Holt No 1 Originated at Honolulu. Introduced 1914 by Joseph Sexton, Goleta, CA. Fruit color, green; weight 24-32 ozs.; skin, smooth; quality, excellent. Seed, medium. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
INGERSOLL(Mex.) Originated in San Fernando Valley, CA, fruiting 1916. Fruit season, Aug.-Oct.; color, deep purple; weight, 5-6 ozs.; flavor, excellent. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
IRIETOrig. & tested at the Akko Expt. Sta. in western Galilee by E.Lahav,D.Zamet, & S. Gazit. Hass open-pollinated. Plant patent applied for. Fruit: similar to Hass but larger, 300-500 g; peel thinner than Hass, thicker than Fuerte; pear-shaped, uniform;skin black, glossy, slightly pebbly;seed round to slightly elongated, 10% to 15% of fruit weight. Flesh green-yellow; buttery texture; excellent nut-like flavor. Storable for 14 days at 5C,95% relative humidity; softens at room temp. in about 9 days; shelf life 3-5 days. Tends to be biennial; season begins in off years in Dec.,in on years in Mar. Tree: canopy small to med., slightly weeping form; precocious, fruiting second year after planting. Flowering group B. (B&O Register) Origin, ISR; Race, Guat.?; Flowering group, B (Lahav & Gazit)
IRUMINA(Mex.) P.I. 54274 Introduced 1921 by F.W. Popenoe USDA from Ibarra, Ecuador. Fruit color, green; weight, 10 ozs.; shape, slender, pyriform, necked; quality, excellent. Seed, small. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
IRVING(Hybrid) Regist. 1935 Orig. 1920 at Carlsbad on place of Irving Cummings. Fruit season, Dec.-Feb.;color, green;weight,12 ozs.;shape, pyriform;skin, smooth, med. thick; flavor, good plus; flesh, near white; oil, 21.7%. Seed 17% of total weight. (CAS Yearbook 1950) Orig. in Carlsbad, CA, by Irving Cummings. Introd. in 1939. Chance seedling; discovered in 1920. Fruit: 8-10 oz; pyriform; seed small; skin green, smooth, glossy; flavor excellent; oil content high; season Dec.-Feb.; resembles Fuerte.Tree: weak grower, tends to droop(weeping); bears erratically; appears equally satisfactory for both inland & coastal districts in CA. Not planted since 1960. (B&O Register) 2 trees at South Coast Research Station Irvine,CA. I would judge the quality to be less than excellent. (J.R. Frink 1998) (Nos.34,65,78,134) Origin, CA, Flowering group, B (Lahav & Gazit)
ISABELLA(Guat. x Mex.) Originated 1923 from a Fuerte seed planted by Mrs. Isabella B. (Chas. O.) Thomson at Villa Park, CA. Fruited 1927. Fruit season, May-Sept.; color, like Fuerte; size, same as Fuerte; shape, like Fuerte but more necked; oil, 20.5%. Keeps well after cutting. (CAS Yearbook 1950) (Nos. 1,14, 21,126,152, 167, 179, 182, 204, 219, 233, 360) Origin, Puerto Rico; Race, GxWI; Flowering group, B (Lahav & Gazit)
ISABELLA 1(Nos. 2, 11, 28, 38, 41, 68, 86, 109, 111, 116, 138,147, 155, 178, 186, 188, 221, 227, 236, 330, 354) Origin, Puerto Rico; Race, GxWI; Flowering group, A (Lahav & Gazit)
ISHAM(Guat., possibly hybrid) P.I. 45562 Introduced 1917 by F.W. Popenoe USDA from near Antigua, Guat. Fruit season, Jan.-Feb.; color, maroon; weight, 10-13 ozs.; shape, pyriform to obovoid; skin, smooth, thin; flavor, good. Seed, medium. (CAS Yearbook 1950) Origin, Guat.; Race, Guat.; Flowering group, B (Lahav & Gazit)
ISHKAL(Guat.) P.I. 43602 Introduced 1916 by F.W. Popenoe, USDA from Guat. City, Guat. Fruit color, purple; weight, 8 ozs.; shape, spherical to obovoid; skin, rough. Seed, medium. (CAS Yearbook 1950) Origin, Guat.; Race, Guat.; Flowering group, A (Lahav & Gazit)
ITZAMNA(Guat.) P.I.43486-55736)Intro.1916 by F.W.Popenoe USDA from Santa Maria de Jesus, Guat.,elevation 6700 feet.Distributed 1923.Account of introduction in CA. Avo. Soc.Yearbook1932.Planting heaviest near So. CA coast where it bears well. Recommended in south FL & satisfactory in west coast area of FL. Fruit season, Sept.-Dec.in So.CA, Feb.-Apr.in FL;color,green;weight12-18 ozs.;shape, pyriform, stem inserted&slight off-set;skin, course,thick;flavor,fair; oil,15%. Seed small. Illus. in Yearbook1927 &1932.Also FL. Agri. Exp.Sta. Bul.272.(CAS Yearbook1950) Orig.in Santa Maria de Jesus,Guat.;imported into U.S. in 1916 by F.W. Popenoe, U.S.D.A.Introd. in U.S. in 1932; P.I.43486, P.I. 55736. Parentage unknown; of Guat. type. Fruit:12-18 oz; pyriform to round; skin light green,thick; seed small; flesh quality good in CA, poor-fair in FL; oil content 15%;season Sept.-Dec.in southern CA,15 Feb.-15 Apr.in FL; storage quality sometimes poor.Tree: alternate bearing; fairly susceptible to anthracnose; flowering group B. (B&O Register) One tree at South Coast Research Station, Irvine,CA field 46, Row 57, tree 20. (J.R. Frink 1998) Origin, Guat.; Race, Guat.; flower B (Lahav & Gazit) (budwood brought from Guat. to FL in 1916); oblong-pear-shaped; med.-lg.; skin rough;flesh yellow, 11%oil; seed small, tight. Season: very late (Mar.-May(). May not bear well; little planted in FL; a commercial cultivar in kCA & in Puerto Rico where it is a consistently heavy bearer. (J.Morton)
ITZIA(Syn. of Volcan) By error for Ixtaccihuatl. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
IXTACCIHUATL(Syn. of Volcan) (CAS Yearbook 1950)
IXTAPAN 101Origin, Mex.; Race, MxG?; Flowering group, B (Lahav & Gazit)
J 241Origin, CA; Blossoming group, A (Lahav & Gazit) Green, pear/oval fruit, skin of medium thickness, peels easily, flavor is best in Aug. to Nov., weight ranges from 16 to 25 ozs., pit is small, blossom type A. One tree at South Coast Research Station, Irvine, CA. (J.R. Frink 1998)
JALNA(Mex.) Regist.1935 Originated 1928 from seed planted at Encinitas, CA. by Dr. J. Eliot Coit. Moved 1929 to Vista, CA., fruited 1931. Better bearer near coast than most Mex. race varieties. A heavy bearer. Fruit season, Nov.-Jan. Color, green. Weight, 6-7ozs.Shape, pyriform.Skin, smooth. Flavor, good plus.Oil, 20%. Keeping quality good. Seed, small. (CAS Yearbook 1950)Orig. in Vista, CA, by J. Eliot Coit. Introd. in 1936 by Armstrong Nurseries, Ontario, CA. Parentage unknown (but of Mex. type); selected in 1933. Fruit: pyriform; skin green, thin, end-spots; quality fair; matures in early fall. Tree: heavy bearer, but tends to alternate; good frost tolerance; minor commercial cultivar in CA. (B&O Register) Origin, CA; Race, Mex.; Flowering group, A (Lahav & Gazit)
JAMES(Guat.) Regist. 1932 Originated 1927 at Encinitas, CA, on Rancho Leucadia, probably from Taft seed. Fruit color green; weight 12-16 ozs.; shape, oval; skin, thick; flavor, fair plus; oil, 11.4%. Seed 2 1/2 ozs. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
JAN BOYCE(Hybrid) 7-10 oz. handsome, oval, fruit, medium thin skin, sometimes peels, sometimes does not, excellent flavor, texture & flesh color, small to very small seed, green hard & soft, A blossom type, leggy tree, not susceptible to persea mite or thrip. A quality avocado.Feb.-July some years, Mar.-Aug. others. 2 at South Coast Research Station, Irvine,CA. (J.R.Frink 1998) Janboyce, Flowering group, A (Lahav & Gazit)
JANNEY(Guat.) Regist. 1932 Originated 1921 at Santa Barbara, CA, at home of R.L. Janney as cross of Lyon & Kanan. Fruit season, May-Dec.; color, green; weight, 19 ozs.; shape, spherical; skin, smooth, medium thick; flavor, good; oil, 20.5%. Seed, 4 ozs. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
JAYBEE(Guat.) Regist. 1945 Originated at 1441 No. Ogden Drive, Hollywood, CA. Fruit season, May-Oct.; color, green; weight, 7 1/2 ozs.; shape, pyriform, necked; skin, smooth, med. thick, does not peel; flavor, good minus; oil, 19.17% Aug. 8th. Seed, 2 ozs. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
JERSEY CREAM(W.I.) A Hawaiian variety imported 1914 by Joseph Sexton, Goleta, CA. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
JESSIE(Guat.) Originated before 1925 on place of Mrs. Jessie Thompson, Montebello, CA. Fruit season, Dec. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
JEWELThis is a large, black, (26-35 ounce) round to oval round avocado of excellent flavor. The skin is medium thin and lightly pebbled. The flesh is very attractive and the seed is small. The fruit peels nicely. The trees can get quite large. There are three of this variety at the South Coast Field Station at Irvine. These are unreleased avocado varieties from the breeding university program with value to the home gardener but with characteristics unfavorable to commercial production at this time. J. Frink
JIM(Guat.) Regist. 1943 Originated at 6500 Springfield St., San Diego, CA, by John M. Reinecke. Fruit season, Apr.-Aug.; color, green; weight. 7 1/2 ozs.; quality, questionable; oil, 12.2% Seed, 2 ozs. (CAS Yearbook 1950) Two trees at South Coast Research Station Irvine, CA.,field 44, row 11, trees 7 & 8. Trees are hardy, upright but not as much so as Bacon or Zutano. Fruit usually ready in Jan. but this varies from year to year, 7-11 ozs, smooth, thin skin, olive green to maroon, shmoo shaped, long thin neck, light colored flesh, poor taste. Appears to be much more Mex. than Guat. or hybrid. (J.R. Frink 1998) (=Jim Bacon) Origin, CA; Race, MxG; Flowering group, B (Lahav & Gazit)
JJ 9Origin, CA; Race, Guat.; Flowering group, A (Lahav & Gazit) One at South Coast Field Station, Irvine, CA (J.R. Frink 1998)
JJ12JJ12 was discovered by Grey Martin in a group of several hundred seedlings grown at the Crawford Teague Ranch. Mr. Teague was a cooperator with the UC Riverside breeding program run by Dr. Bergh, Bob Whitsell and Gray Martin. Budwood from the JJ12 was grafted into the Historic field at the South Coast Reasearch and Extension Center at Irvine, California sometime prior to the 1990s.
JOE NAULTYOne tree is at South Coast Research Station, Irvine, CA. field 46, row 57, tree #36. (J.R.Frink 1998)
JOGO(Guat.) Regist. 1950 Tree originated at 14701 East Leffingwell Road, Whittier, CA, 1942; upright, about 15 feet tall. Fruit season, Oct.- Jan.; color, dark green; weight, 7 1/2 ozs.; shape, pyriform; skin, thin, smooth, peels from flesh; flavor, good plus; oil, 15.50%; keeping quality fair. Seed, 2 1/2 ozs. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
JOHNSTON(Guat.) (Syn. Johnston No.6) Introduced 1912 by West India Gardens, Altadena, CA, from Colima, Mex. Leaves very large. Fruit season, Oct.-Nov.; size, large; skin, thick; flavor, good. (CAS Yearbook 1950) Origin, Mex.; Race, Guat.; Flowering group, B (Lahav & Gazit)
JOHNSTONE(W.I.) P.I. 18729 Florida Originated in Bahama Isl. Introduced 1906 to Miami, Fl. Fruit shape, pyriform; skin, smooth. Seed, large. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
JOSE ANTONIOFlowering group, A (Lahav & Gazit)
JUAN(Guat.) Regist. 1936 Originated about 1928 as seedling on H.C. Oakley place, Mandeville Canyon, Los Angeles, later planted by H.L. Murrieta at nursery site, Water & Power Dent. City of L.A. in Stone Canyon near Bel-Air. Named for Juan Murrieta. Fruit season, Sept.-Oct.; color, green; weight, 13-15 ozs.; shape, pyriform; skin, slightly rough, medium thick; flavor, good plus; oil, 18.1%. Seed, medium. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
JULIA(Hybrid) Originally NA 526, seedling of Nabal, a sweet avocado of excellent flavor, Aug-Nov., but some years has good fruit in Dec. Smooth, rather thin skinned, very small to med. large seed, ovate to pear shape, green hard and soft. Excellent quality fruit has heavy production one year then little production for several years (like Nabal) 5 trees at South Coast Research Station, Irvine, CA. field 44, row 13, #19-23. (J.R.Frink 1998) (=N526) Origin, CA; Race, Guat.; Flowering group, A (Lahav & Gazit)
JUMBO(W.I.) Hawaii Originated 1922 in Honolulu. Fruit color, dark purple; weight, 36 ozs.; flavor, good. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
JWYLCan be found at South Coast Field Station, Irvine, CA. field 46. (J.R. Frink 1998)
KAGUAH(Guat.) P.I. 45561 Introduced 1917 by F.W. Popenoe USDA from Antigua, Guat. Fruit color, green; weight, 24 ozs.; shape, long & slender; skin, rough. Seed, medium. (CAS Yearbook 1950) Origin, HI; Flowering group, A (Lahav & Gazit)
KAHALUUOrig. in Kahaluu, N. Kona, Hawaii. Introd. in 1955. Guatemalan type x West Indian type; selected in 1940. Fruit: obovate to pyriform; 12-18 oz; skin smooth, green; seed small, tight in cavity; oil content high; quality excellent; ripens Nov. - Jan.; resembles Fuerte. Tree: large; upright; vigorous; annual bearer, but only moderately productive. (B&O Register) Origin, HI; Race, WIxG; Flowering group, B (Lahav & Gazit)
KALUA(Guat.) Hawaii Originated 1895 from seed taken to Hawaii by Admiral Beardslee. Fruit season, Nov.-Mar.; color, green; weight, 12 ozs.; shape, pyriform; skin, smooth, glossy, thick. Seed, medium. Illus. & desc. Hawaii Agr. Exp. Sta. Bul. 51. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
KALUSAFlowering group, A (Lahav & Gazit)
KAMPONGOrigin, HI; Flowering group, B (Lahav & Gazit)
KANAN(Guat.) P.I. 45563 Introduced 1917 by F.W. Ponenoe USDA from near Antigua,Guat. Fruit color, green; weight, 16-20 ozs.; shape, spherical; skin, sl. rough. Seed, small. (CAS Yearbook 1950) Illustrated 1917:138 (CAS Yearbook 1956) (=Canaan) (Nos. 1,2) Origin, Puerto Rico; Race, Guat.; Flowering group, A (Lahav & Gazit)
KANOLA(Guat.) P.I. 43560 Introduced 1916 by F.W. Popenoe USDA from near Antigua, Guat. Fruit season, Feb.-May; color, deep purple; weight, 8-16 ozs.; shape, spherical; skin, smooth; flavor, rich. Seed, medium. (CAS Yearbook 1950) Illustrated 1917:120 (CAS Yearbook 1956)
KARENRegistered 1948 (CAS Yearbook 1956)
KASHLAN(Guat.) P.I. 43834 Introduced 1916 by F.W. Popenoe USDA, from Guat. Fruit season, June-Aug.; color, green; weight, 16 ozs.; spherical to broadly oval; skin, smooth, thick. Seed, small. (CAS Yearbook 1950) Illustrated 1917:122 (CAS Yearbook 1956) Origin, Guat.; Race, Guat.; Flowering group, A (Lahav & Gazit)
KATHERINESee DuPuis 3. (also known as)( B&O Register)
KATHLEEN(Mex.) Regist. 1943 Originated at 6500 Springfield St., San Diego, CA by John M. Reinecke. Fruit season, Oct.-Dec.; color, green to purple; weight, 7 ozs.; quality, good; oil, 15.6%. Seed, 3/4 oz. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
KATUN(Guat.) P.I. 44781 Introduced 1917 by F.W. Popenoe USDA, from Antigua, Guat. Fruit color, purplish, black; weight, 10-14 ozs.; shape, oval to oblong; skin, nearly smooth, glossy. Seed, medium. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
KAY(W.I.) Florida Originated at Kay Grove on Musa Isle, Miami, FL. Fruit season, July; color, yellowish green; weight 14-28 ozs.; shape, broadly pyriform to spherical; flavor, good. (CAS Yearbook 1950) Origin, FL; Race, WI; Flowering group, A (Lahav & Gazit)
KAYAB(Guat.) P.I. 44681 Introduced 1917 by F.W. Popenoe USDA, from Guat. Fruit color, green; weight, 16 ozs.; shape, spherical; skin, slightly rough; flavor, excellent. Seed, small. (CAS Yearbook 1950) Illustrated 1917:132 (CAS Yearbook 1956)
KEARNEY(Guat.) Grown on place of L.G. Phay, Ventura, CA. Fruit color, yellowish green; weight, 16 3/4 ozs.; shape, round; skin, thick; flavor, fair; oil, 12.27%.(CAS Yearbook 1950)
KEKCHI(Guat.) P.I. 44679 Introduced 1917 by F.W. Popenoe USDA, from Guat. Fruit color, maroon; weight 6 ozs.; shape, pyriform; skin, slightly rough; flavor, excellent. Seed. small. (CAS Yearbook 1950) Illustrated 1917:130 (CAS Yearbook 1956)
KEY LARGO(Guat.) Probably Syn. of Collins. Fruiting 1916 in Duarte, CA from FL budwood. Fruit season, May; color, green; weight, 12 ozs.; shape, spherical. Seed, large. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
KIJI(Guat.) Regist. 1949 Tree originated by James H. Pope at Los Angeles; located at 1370 Miller Pl., Los Angeles 46, CA; planted 1937; production, 100 fruits annually; growth upright. Fruit season, Oct., Nov.; color, green; weight, 10 1/2 ozs.; shape, pyriform; skin, thin, smooth, peels from flesh; flavor, good; oil, 20% Aug. 30. Seed, 1 1/4 ozs. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
KILGORE SPECIAL(Guat. x Mex.) x Guat.? FL Originated in grove of Barnard Kilgore, Clearwater, FL from seed of Fuerte growing in mixed planting with W.I. & Guat. varieties. Seed planted in 1927, first fruit in 1930, propagated extensively by Mr. Kilgore in 1936 & since. Heavy bearing & early blooming, must less subject to anthracnose than the parent Fuerte & about twice as hardy. Fruit season, Dec.-Jan.; color, green; weight, 12-18 ozs.; shape, obovate; skin, smooth leathery; flavor, fair. Seed, medium. (CAS Yearbook 1950) Orig. in Clearwater, FL, by Barnard Kilgore. Introd. in 1936. Open-pollinated seedling of Fuerte; selected in 1930 from seed sown in 1927. Fruit: 12-13 oz; obovate; skin green, smooth, leathery; flesh pale yellow;quality only fair; seed size medium; season Dec.&Jan.Tree: bears heavily; blooms very early;flowering group B;appears more resistant to anthracnose than Fuerte; about as hardy as Fuerte.No longer propagated. (B&O Register) Origin, FL; Race, GxM; Flower B (Lahav & Gazit)
KIMBALLOrig. in Monrovia, Calif., by Ingegerd Isakson, Arcadia, CA Introd. in 1953. Plant patent 1438; 20 Dec. 1955; assigned by direct & mesne assignments of 51% to Arthur S. Kimball, Monrovia, & 49% to Weldon C. Wilkins, El Monte, CA. Parentage unknown; Mex. type; seed secured from Gorden Maddock of Duarte, CA, planted in early 1930s.Fruit: small, averaging about 6 oz; skin medium green, thin, smooth; flavor very good; seed size medium; season Sept. & Oct.; resembles Duke. Tree: a little more hardy than Mexicola; bears profusely. Now obsolete. (B&O Register) Registered 1951 (CAS Yearbook 1956)
KIMMEL
KINAU(Guat. x W.I.) Hawaii Originated 1914 as intentional cross with Wilder by G.P. Wilder, Honolulu. Fruit season, Feb.; color, green; weight, 14-16 ozs.; shape, oval; skin, rough. Seed, medium. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
KING
KIST(Guat.) Introduced 1914 by E.E. Knight, Yorba Linda, CA, from Antigua, Guat. Fruit season, May-Sept.; color, green; weight, 12-20 ozs.; shape, spherical; skin, rough. Seed, medium. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
KNIGHT(Guat.) (First called Verde) Introduced 1914 by E.E. Knight, Yorba Linda, CA, from Antigua, Guat. Fruit season, June-Aug.; color, green; weight, 12-24 ozs.; shape, spherical to oval; skin, slightly rough. Seed, medium. (CAS Yearbook 1950) Origin, Guat.; Race, Guat.; Flowering group, B (Lahav & Gazit)
KNOWLES(Mex.) Originated 1898 by W.A. Knowles, Santa Barbara, CA, propagated 1915. Tree large. Fruit season, Dec.-Feb.; color, purple; weight, 6 ozs; shape, pyriform; skin, glossy. Seed, medium. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
KOBIE(Guat.) Originated at W.A. Spinks place, Duarte, CA, fruiting in 1918. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
KONA SHARWILSee Sharwill. This hybrid was originally from Australia but became commercial in Hawaii hence the added "Kona". A high quality fruit. Sometimes spelled Sharwil (J.R.Frink 1998)
KOSEL (Nos. 1, 3-6) Flowering group, A (Lahav & Gazit)
KOSEL also(Nos. 2, 7) Flowering group, B (Lahav & Gazit)
LA CRUZOrigin, Mex.?; Race, Mex.; Flowering group, B (Lahav & Gazit)
LA MESAS 221Flowering group, A (Lahav & Gazit)
LA MESAS 222Flowering group, B (Lahav & Gazit)
LA SIERRA(=Fuerte) Origin, CA; Race, MxG; Flowering group, B (Lahav & Gazit)
LADA(Guat. Hybrid) Hawaii A seedling of Kalna at Wailuki, HA. Fruit season, Dec.-Feb.; weight 40-50 ozs.; flavor, fair. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
LAHAINA PRIZE(W.I.) Hawaii Originated in Honolulu Fruit season, summer; color, purple; weight, 24-32 ozs.; shape, oval; skin, smooth; flavor, good. Seed, medium. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
LAHAINA PURPLE(W.I.) Hawaii Originated at Honolulu. Fruit season, summer; color, purple; weight, 12-18 ozs.; shape, oval; skin, smooth; flavor, good. Seed, medium. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
LAHI(Guat. x W.I.) Hawaii Originated 1914 as intentional cross on Wilder by G.P. Wilder, Honolulu. Fruit season, Nov., Dec.; color, green; weight, 18 ozs.; shape, oblong oval; skin, smooth. Seed, medium. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
LAMAT(Guat.) P.I. 43476 Introduced 1916 by F.W.Popenoe USDA, from Amatitlan, Guat. Fruit season, May-Aug.; color, green; weight, 14-20 ozs.; shape, broadly oval; skin, smooth. Seed, small. (CAS Yearbook 1950) Illustrated 1917:119 Yearbook (CAS Yearbook 1956) Origin, Guat.; Race, Guat.; Flowering group, B (Lahav & Gazit)
LAMBERT(Guat.) Originated 1909 at C.F. Wagner place, Hollywood, CA, fruited & propagated 1915. Fruit season, Mar.-May; color, green; weight, 14-20 ozs.; shape, oblong, spherical; skin, rough. Seed, medium. History in An. Rept. 1917. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
LANDO(W.I.) Hawaii Originated in Hawaii. Fruit weight 24-32 ozs.; shape, oblong to pyriform; skin, smooth; flavor, good. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
LANDONFlorida Fruit season, Sept.-Oct.; color, green; weight, 20 ozs.; shape, pyriform; skin, smooth. Seed, medium. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
LANGE(Guat.) Originated 1913 at Chas. Lange place, West Anaheim, CA. Fruit season, Mar.; color, purple; weight, 18-23 ozs.; shape, oval; skin, smooth. Seed, medium. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
LARGO(W.I.) P.I. 18730 Bahama Originated in Bahama Islands. Fruit season, Aug.-Sept.; color, green; weight, 3-4 lbs.; shape, oval. Seed, small. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
LAUREL(Guat.) Originated about 1911 on C.F. Wagner place, Hollywood, CA. Fruit season June-Sept.; color, green; weight, 16-20 ozs.; shape, broadly obovoid; skin, rough. Seed, medium. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
LEADER(Guat.) Originated 1914 from seed of Murrieta on place of M. Garcia, Duarte, CA. Fruit season, Jan.-Mar.; color, green; weight, 9-14 ozs.; shape, oblong, pyriform; skin, smooth; oil, 35.88%. Seed, medium. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
LEAVENS HASSTwo of these tress were planted at Southcoast Research Station in spring of 1999. Data will be gathered on these trees as they mature and we have something to report. JRF
LEE(Guat.) Originated about 1908 at Whittier, CA. Fruit season, Feb.-May; color, green; weight, medium; skin, glossy. Seed, medium. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
LEHUA(Guat. x W.I.) Hawaii Originated 1914 as intentional cross on Wilder by G.P. Wilder at Honolulu. Fruit color, mahogany; weight, 16-20 ozs.; shape, oval; skin, rough. Seed, medium. Illus. & desc. Hawaii Agri. Exp. Sta. Bul. 51. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
LENEGANTrinidad Mentioned in Trinidad Low Temp. Research Sta. Memoir 1, 1935. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
LEONA(Guat.) Originated at Duarte, CA, fruiting in 1917. Fruit season, Jan.-Feb.; weight, 8-10 ozs. (CAS Yearbook 1950) Origin, CA; Race, Guat.; Flowering group, A (Lahav & Gazit)
LEONARD(Guat. x Mex.) Originated 1917 from seed planted by J.M. Leonard at La Playa near Point Loma, CA. Said to bear well. Fruit season, Nov.-Jan.; color, purple; weight, 12-16 ozs.; shape, pyriform; skin, smooth, ribbed, medium thick, leathery; flavor, good; oil, medium. Seed, medium. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
LEUCADIA(Mex.) Regist. 1932 Originated 1927 at Rancho Leucadia, Encinitas, CA, fruited 1930. Propagates easily & is a vigorous grower. It is erratic in its bearing habit. Fruit season, Oct.-Jan.; color, purple to black; weight, 10-12 ozs.; shape, pyriform; flavor, excellent minus; oil, 22.7%. Similar to Puebla but averages larger. (CAS Yearbook 1950) Orig. in Encinitas, CA, by J. Eliot Coit. Introd. in 1932. Parentage unknown (but of Mexican type); selected in 1929. Fruit: size good; skin handsome, purple, thin, smooth; resembles Puebla. Tree: moderately spreading. No longer propagated. (B&O Register)
LEWIS(W.I.) Hawaii Originated at Honolulu. Fruit color, purple; weight, 21 ozs.; shape, pyriform, necked; skin, smooth; flavor, fair. Seed, medium. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
LIMA LATEFlowering group, B (Lahav & Gazit)
LINBETH(Guat. x Mex.) Registered 1932 Originated 1925 from Fuerte seed by Dr. Lincoln Rogers at Fallbrook, CA. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
LINDA(Guat.) Introduced 1914 by E.E. Knight at Yorba Linda, CA, from Antigua, Guat., elevation 550 ft. Being propagated in HI & satisfactory in West Coast area of FL. Fruit season, May-Oct.; color, purple; weight,16-48 ozs.; shape, round to oblong; skin, smooth, med. thick;flavor, excellent; oil,12%. Seed, small. Illus. An. Rept. 25-26. Also FL.Exp. Sta. bul.272.Shipping quality good.Too large for market. (CAS Yearbook 1950) 2 Linda trees at South Coast Research Station, Irvine, CA, Some older Linda seedling cultivars are also at this location. (L137, L141 & L28 and more) (J.R. Frink 1998) Origin, Guat.; Race, Guat.; Flowering group, B (Lahav & Gazit)(budwood introduced into CA from GUAT. in 1914; propagated in FL in 1917); elliptical; very large; skin rough, dull-purple when ripe; flesh yellow, 10-14%oil; seed small, tight. Season: May-Oct.in CA; late (Dec.-Feb.) in FL. A good shipper but not popular in FL because of size & color. Of some commercial importance in CA.Tree low, spreading, vigorous&bears regularly. (J.Morton 1987)
LINDGREN(Guat. x W.I.) FL Originated on place of Mrs. Augusta Lindgren, Goulds, FL, from seed planted 1928. Fruited first in 1932,propagated on small commercial scale in 1939. Reported to be a regular bearer. Fruit season, Dec.-Feb.; color, green; weight, 14-20 ozs.; shape, round, oval; skin, smooth, thick. (CAS Yearbook 1950) Orig. in Goulds, FL, by Mrs. Augusta Lindgren. Introd. 1939. Hybrid of Guat.xWest Ind. types; selected in 1932 from seed sown in 1928. Fruit: size medium, 14-20 oz; round-oval; skin dark, bright green, nearly smooth, thick, fragile; flesh yellow; seed small; season mid-Dec.to mid-Feb. Tree: bears regularly; flowering group A. (B&O Register) Origin, FL; Race, GxWI; Flower A (Lahav & Gazit)
LINSCOTT(Guat.) Originated 1910 on E.C. Dutton place, West, Anaheim, CA. Fruit season, July; color, purple black; weight, 16 ozs.; shape, nearly spherical. Seed, medium. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
LISA Orig. in Goulds, FL,by H.E. Kendall. Introd. in 1974. Plant patent 3737; 1 July 1975. Chance seedling of West Indian & Mex. types; discovered in 1969. Fruit: small, 9-14 oz, size increases as harvest season progresses; pyriform to oval; skin dark green, thin, shiny, slightly pebbled, free of corky lenticel; flesh greenish-yellow, smooth, nearly free of fiber; flavor excellent, nutty, strong, sometimes slightly sweet, resembles that of Mex. hybrids; seed size small to medium, tight in cavity; ripens late Aug. through Oct., softens after 9 days at 70F. Tree: about 18 ft; vigorous; 24 fruit per shoot; blooms in March; flower type B; easily propagated. (B&O Register)
LODGE
LOIS(Guat.) Regist. 1938 Originated by L.A. Guetzhow at corner of Adams St. & Park Dr. Carlsbad, CA about 1933. Fruit season, May-Aug.; color, green; weight, 6-14 ozs.; shape, pyriform; oil, 23.84%. Seed, small. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
LOPENA(W.I.) Philippines Originated from a seed planted by College of Agri. of the Phil. at Lipa, Batangas in 1918. Said to be a consistent bearer. Fruit season, July-Sept.; color, maroon; weight, 15.8 ozs.; shape, pyriform; skin, rough, thick, peels. Seed, 4 1/2 ozs. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
LORD(Syn. R.C. Lord) British Guiana Mentioned in recent British Guiana publication. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
LOS ANGELES(Mex.) Originated on W.A. Spinks place, Duarte, CA, fruiting 1914. Fruit season, late; color black; shape, pyriform; skin, glossy. Seed, large. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
LOUGHERHawaii Originated at Honolulu. Fruit color, purplish; weight, 21 ozs.; shape, oval; flavor, good. Seed, large. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
LUISA(W.I.) P.I. 40912 Introduced 1915 by F.W. Popenoe USDA, from Jovellanos, Cuba. Fruit color green; shape, broad, ovoid. Seed. medium. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
LUKINI(W.I.) Hawaii Originated in Hawaii. Fruit season, summer; color, purple; weight, 12 ozs.; shape, oval; skin, smooth. Seed, large. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
LULA(Guat.x Mex.) FL Origin.from seed from parent Taft tree planted 1915 by Mrs. Lulu (Geo.B.) Cellon at Miami, FL,fruited 1919, propagated 1921. A rapid, thrifty grower in FL, precocious & productive; more frost resistant than most, very satisfactory in the Ridge section lower east coast sections, & recommended for southern FL. Fruit season, Dec.-Jan. Color, green. Weight,16-24 ozs. Shape, pyriform. Skin, nearly smooth. Flavor, good. Oil,12-16%. Seed, lg. Illus.& desc. FL Agri. Exper. Sta. Bul.272. (CAS Yearbook 1950) Orig. in Miami, FL, by George B. Cellon, nurseryman. Introd. in 1921. Open-pollinated seedling of Taft; selected in 1919. Fruit:pyriform; skin almost smooth, dark, glossy green; quality good; lg. seed, tight in cavity; fair market appeal; very susceptible to avocado scab. Tree: vigorous & upright, prolific & regular bearer; class "A" blossom type. (B&O Register) (Lulu) Origin, FL; Race, GxM; Flower group, A (Lahav & Gazit) (seed of Taft planted in Miami in 1915);pear-shaped, sometimes with neck; med.-lg; skin almost smooth;flesh pale-to greenish-yellow,12-16% oil; seed lg.,tight. Season: med.-late (mid-Nov.& Dec.).Tree tall, bears early & heavily; cold-resistant, successful in central & southern FL where it was formerly the leading commercial cultivar. It is the principal cultivar in Martinique for exporting to France; represents 95% of the crop. (J.Morton 1987)
LYCETTHawaii Recommended for planting in Hawaii in 1915. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
LYMANHawaii Recommended for planting in Hawaii in 1915. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
LYON(of Calif.) (Guat.) Originated 1908 from seed planted at place of Mr. Lyon, 7276 Sunset Blvd., Hollywood, CA & propagated 1911. Tree upright, stunts itself by over-production, difficult to grow unless topworked on strong trees. Fruit season Feb.-July; color, green; weight, 14-20 ozs.; shape, pyriform; skin, rough, med. thick; flavor, good; oil, 21%. Seed, med. Illus. An. Rept. 1916. Analysis Cal. A.E.S. Bul. 365 revised & USDA Bul. 1073. (CAS Yearbook 1950) Trees at South Coast Research Station, Irvine, CA.Very alternate bearing, fair flavor. (J.R. Frink 1998) Origin, CA; Race, Guat.; Flowering group, B (Lahav & Gazit) (originated in CA;propagated in 1911);broad-pear-shaped;beyond med.-lg.;skin somewhat rough to rough;bright-green with many small yellowish or red-brown dots; med.-thick, granular &brittle; flesh greenish near skin,of high quality;seed med.-small to med.,tight.Season:Apr.-Aug.in CA.Tree comes into bearing early&bears heavily, so much so as to weaken the tree.Grown in FL only from 1918-1922. (J. Morton 1987)
LYON of Philippines(of Philippines) (Guat.) Philippines Originated 1903 at Lamao, Phil. from seed imported by W.L. Lyon. Fruit season, July-Aug.; color, green; size, large; shape, oblong; skin, smooth. Seed, small. (CAS Yearbook 1950) Lyon 172- Origin, CA; Race, Guat.; Flowering group, A (Lahav & Gazit)
LYPPS(Hybrid) Ovate, green, pebbly, fruit of medium skin thickness, spring to summer ripening, large production, large spreading tree, very attractive flesh, small to med. large seed, average taste quality. One tree is growing at South Coast Research Station, Irvine, CA, field 44, row 8, tree 20. (J.R. Frink 1998)
MAAG(Guat.) Originated 1918 on Ernest Maag place, Monrovia, CA, as a budded tree from D.E.Clower. Fruit season, June-July; color, green to maroon; weight, 15 ozs.; shape, pyriform; skin, smooth. Seed, small. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
MACARTHUR(Guat.) Orig.1922 by Thos.H.Shedden of Monrovia, CA. A vigorous grower & good bearer. Very resistant to cold as compared to other Guats. Recommended for coastal areas of Ventura & Santa Barbara Counties. Fruit season, Aug.-Nov. Color, green.Weight,14 ozs.Shape, pyriform.Skin, med. thin.Flavor, good. Oil, 14%. Seed,med.(CAS Yearbook1950)Orig. in Monrovia,CA,by Thomas H. Shedden. Introd. 1922. Parentage unknown. Fruit:lg.,14-18 oz; pyriform; skin green; flavor fair- good; oil content med.;season Aug.-Oct.Tree:vigorous; spreading;high N-requiring variety;bears well in coastal districts of CA.&is a minor commercial variety in Ventura & Santa Barbara counties.(B&O Register)(originated in1922 at Monrovia, CA); pear-shaped;lg.; skin thin, pliable;flesh has sweet, nutty but watery flavor, contains13-16.7%oil; seed med.-lg. Season: Aug.-Nov.in CA;Aug.&Sept. in Queensland where it is rated as of poor quality. It is one of the 6 leading commercial cultivars in CA, where it is very cold-hardy.(J.Morton 1987)
MACEO(Syn. Mayor Gral Antonio Maceo) Cuba A Cuban variety listed in 1917. Fruit season, Oct.-Dec.; size medium; shape, oval; flavor, excellent. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
MACPHERSON(Hybrid) Regist. 1935 Originated 1931 at Encinitas, CA by James H. Macpherson. Fruit season Nov.-Feb.; color, green; weight, 10 1/2 ozs.; shape, pyriform; skin, smooth, thin, leathery; flavor. excellent minus; oil 19.8%. Seed, small. (CAS Yearbook 1950) Orig. in Encinitas, CA, by James H. Macpherson. Introd. in 1942. Plant patent 433; 26 Nov. 1940. Parentage unknown; selected in 1936. Fruit: 10-12 oz; 4 1/2-5 inches long, asymmetrically pyriform; appearance & flavor good; skin green, smooth; flesh deep, golden yellow; oil content up to 23%; seed small, tight in cavity; season Dec.-April. Tree: large; vigorous grower; hardy. Now obsolete. (B&O Register)
MAGOONIntroduced 1914 by Joseph Sexton, Goleta, CA from Hawaii. (CAS Yearbook 1950) One half of a tree can be found at Southcoast Research Station, Irvine, CA field 46, row 27, grafted in 1992. The other half of the tree is R16T4. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
MAGUERIPETrinidad Mentioned in Trinidad Low Temp. Research Sta. Memoir 1, 1935.
MAHANFlowering group, A (Lahav & Gazit)
MAJOR(Guat. x W.I.) FL Originated on grove of Herbert Katz, near Homestead, FL about 1935 as seedling of unknown origin. Certified 1943. Bearing habit uncertain. Fruit season, Oct., Nov.; color, green; weight, 30-40 ozs.; shape, elliptical; skin, rough, pebbled; flavor, good; oil, 10%. Seed, small. (CAS Yearbook 1950) Orig. in Homestead, FL, by Herbert Katz. Introd. in 1942. Guatemalan type x West Indian type; selected about 1942. Fruit: 30-40 oz; elliptical; skin bright green, pebbled, rough, attractive; flesh yellow; oil content medium; quality good; seed small, fairly tight in cavity; flowering group B. No longer propagated. (B&O Register) Origin, FL; Race, GxWI; Flowering group, B (Lahav & Gazit)
MAKAI(Hybrid) Hawaii Original tree at Kona, Hawaii. Fruit season, late fall; color, dark purple; weight, 24-28 ozs.; flavor, rich. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
MAL 2-1Flowering group, B (Lahav & Gazit)
MALAMAMalama is a new, high quality cultivar developed by the University of Hawaii> The fall ripening, pyriform purple fruits are thick fleshed and the flavor rich and nutty. Type B flower. (Frankie's Nursery, Waimanalo, Hawaii,1999)
MALTBY(Hybrid) Regist. 1932 Originated 1925 at Carlsbad, CA by G. Maltby from Spinks seed. Fruit season, Nov.-Feb.; color, green; weight, 11 ozs.; shape, oval; skin, thin, pebbled; flavor, good minus; oil, 17.1%. Seed, large, 3 1/4 ozs. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
MANIK(Guat.) P.I. 45560 Introduced 1917 by F.W. Popenoe USDA, from Antigua, Guat. Fruit season, May; color, green; weight, 8-12 ozs.; shape, oval; skin, rough. Seed, small. (CAS Yearbook 1950) Illustrated 1917:133 (CAS Yearbook 1956) Origin, Guat.; Race, Guat.; Flowering group, A (Lahav & Gazit)
MANZ(Guat.) Originated about 1912 at A.F. Manz place, Whittier, CA. Fruit season, Sept., Oct.; color, green; weight, 10-12 ozs.; shape, pyriform; skin, smooth; seed, medium. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
MAOZOrigin, ISR; Race, WI; Flowering group, B (Lahav & Gazit) (a seedling selected from a plot near Maoz, Israel); pear-shaped; of med. size; skin rough, leathery, violet-purple when ripe; flesh sweetish & very low in oil. Season: med.-late (Oct.). Tree is an alternate bearer but is fairly small, highly salt-tolerant; used in Israel as rootstock on either saline or calcareous soils. (J.Morton)
MARCIANECOOrigin, Mex.; Race, Mex.; Flowering group, B (Lahav & Gazit)
MARCUSFlowering group, B (Lahav & Gazit)
MARFIELD(W.I.) FL Originated on grove of H.A. Marsh & A. Fields, near Homestead, FL about 1930 as seedling of unknown origin,fruiting first observed 1939.Certified 1942. Said to be a heavy bearing variety for the early summer.Fruit season, June-July; color, green; weight, 12-20 ozs.; shape, pyriform; skin, smooth, leathery. Seed, med. (CAS Yearbook 1950) Orig. in Homestead, FL, by H.A. Marsh & Austin Fields. Introd. in 1943. Parentage unknown;West Ind. type; selected in1938.Fruit: 12-20 oz; pyriform with small neck; skin smooth, leathery, bright green; flesh yellow; seed size med., tight in cavity; season late June & July. Tree: bears well. Flower group A. No longer propagated. (B&O Register) Origin, FL; Race, GxWI; Flowering group, A (Lahav & Gazit)
MARGUERITE(Guat. x W.I.) FL Originated on grove of Herbert Katz near Homestead, FL, about 1930 as seedling of unknown origin. Certified 1942. Said to bear fairly heavy. Fruit season, Oct.; color, green; weight, 20-30 ozs.; shape, oval; skin, smooth, thin; flavor, good; oil, 8%.(CAS Yearbook1950) Orig. in Homestead, FL, by Herbert Katz. Introd. in 1948. Hybrid of Guatemalan x West Indian types; selected in 1942. Fruit: 20-30 oz; oval; skin nearly smooth, thin, bright green; flesh yellow; quality fair to good; oil content 8%; seed size medium, tight in cavity; season Oct.; resembles Monroe. Tree: fairly heavy bearer. Flowering group B. (B&O Register) Origin, FL; Race, GxWI; Flowering group, B (Lahav & Gazit)
MARIORegistered 1954 (CAS Yearbook 1956)
MARION(Guat.) Originated about 1921 from Lyon seed planted by Mrs. Marion (G.Y.) Baker at Carlsbad, CA. A vigouous grower, prolific & a consistent bearer. Fruit season, early summer; color, green; weight, 10-12 ozs.; shape, pyriform; skin, smooth, medium thick; flavor, good; oil, 16.9%. Seed, medium. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
MARQUES(W.I.) Hawaii Originated in Hawaii. Fruit season, summer; color, purple; weight 16-24 ozs.; shape, oval. Seed, medium. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
MARSHELLINE`
MARSON(Guat.) Regist. 1941 Originated at Carlsbad, CA, 1929. Fruit season, July-Aug.; color, green; weight 15 ozs.; shape, pyriform; skin, thick & smooth; flavor, good minus; oil 20.17%. Seed, 4 1/2 ozs. Large amount of fibre. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
MARTIN-SPERRYBritish Guiana Mentioned in a recent British Guiana publication. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
MARVEL(Hybrid) Originally BL 516. Hass like variety, B flower type, 6-9 ozs, peels easily, pear to oval pear shaped, attractive flesh, green or green & black when hard, black when soft, seed is very small to medium in size, ripens much later than Hass. (J.R. Frink 1998)
MARY GARDEN(Guat.) Originated about 1925 from seed of Lyon by Sam Thompson at Carlsbad, CA. An upright grower & prolific. Fruit season, June-July; color, purple; weight, 18 ozs.; shape, pyriform; skin, rough, thick; flavor, good. Seed, large. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
MARY MARTIN(Guat.) Patent 576 Originated near San Diego, CA. Tree a vigorous grower, tall & slender. Fruit season May-Oct.; color, green; shape, round. (CAS Yearbook 1950) Orig. in San Diego, CA, by John Martin Reinecke. Introd.1943. Plant patent 576; 20 Apr. 1943; assigned to Armstrong Nurseries, Ontario, CA. Open-pollinated seedling of Linscott; selected about 1938. Fruit: medium large, 9-15 oz; broadly obovoid, no neck; skin smooth, medium thick, tough, green; flesh texture fine; flavor nutty, rich, aroma distinct; quality very good; oil content up to 23%; seed medium-large. 1 1/2-2 1/2 oz; ships well; season June through Aug.; resembles Nabal. Tree: upright; round. No longer propagated.(B&O Register)
MASUTOMIOrigin, HI; Flowering group, B (Lahav & Gazit)
MATAMOROS(W.I.) P.I.G. (14292) Introduced 1913 by Peter Bisset, USDA from Matamoros, Mex. Not distributed. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
MATNEY(Guat.) Originated 1916 by E.R. Matney, Azusa, CA. Produces a large percentage of unpollinated fruit. Fruit season, Dec.-Feb.; color, green; weight, 10-15 ozs.; shape, pyriform; flavor, excellent. Seed, small. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
MATSUBAOrigin, ISR; Race, MxG; Flowering group, B (Lahav & Gazit)
MATTAIRFlowering group, B (Lahav & Gazit)
MATTERN(Mex.) Originated at Los Angeles, fruiting & propagated 1912. Fruit color, purplish, bronze; weight, 3-4 ozs.; shape, pyriform; flavor, rich. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
MAXIMILIAN(Mex.) Introduced 1914 by E.G. Hart of Los Angeles from Mexico. Fruit color, black; weight, 8 ozs. Seed, large. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
MAXWELL(Guat.) Regist. 1933 Originated 1928 at N. Carlsbad, CA by M.A. Maxwell of Anaheim, CA. Fruit season, March, Aug.; color, green; weight, 29 ozs.; shape, pyriform; skin, medium; flavor, good minus; oil, 18.5%. Fiber, much. Seed, medium, 5 1/2 ozs. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
MAY0 133!Origin, CA?; Race, Mex.; Flowering group, A (Lahav & Gazit)
MAYAPAN(Guat.) P.I. 44680 Introduced 1917 by F.W. Popenoe USDA, from Purula, Guat., elevation 5150 ft.Parent Illus.& Desc.USDA Bul.743.Tree a good grower & bearer. Excellent for home use but of little value for commercial planting. A leading variety in HI. Fruit season May-Aug,; color, purple; weight, 14-20 ozs.; shape, spherical; skin, rough, corrugated, thick; flavor, rich; oil, 18.5%. Seed, medium. See Cal. Avocado Soc. An. Rept. 1917 & 1927. Parent Illus. & desc. in USDA Bul 743. (CAS Yearbook 1950) Orig. in Purula, Dept. Baja Vera Paz, Guat. Imported in 1917 into the U.S. by Wilson Popenoe, USDA, as P.I. 44680. Introd. in 1924 in the U.S. Fruit: size medium,13-16 oz; round to roundish obovoid;skin greenish-purple to dull purple, very thick, separates readily from flesh; flesh cream-yellow; flavor pleasant; quality very good; seed size medium, 1.33-2 oz, tight in cavity; midseason in ripening. Tree: very productive. (B&O Register) One tree at the South Coast Research Station, Irvine, CA, field 46, row 57, tree 19. (J.R. Frink 1998) Illustrated 1917:131 (CAS Yearbook 1956) Origin, Guat.; Race, Guat.; Flowering group, A (Lahav & Gazit)(Lahav & Gazit)
MAYNARD(Guat.) Regist. 1949 Tree registered by H.L. Gillespie; located at 3962 Dalton Ave., Los Angeles, CA; seed planted 1939; production 1948, 288 fruits; resistance to frost, low; growth, upright, 25 feet tall. Fruit season, June-Dec.; color, light green; weight, 13 3/4 ozs.; shape pyriform; skin, medium thick, pebbled, peels from flesh; flavor, fair; oil, 14.5% Dec. 20. Seed, 1 oz. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
MAYO(Guat.) Regist. 1947 Originated at Covina, CA & propagated by Harry Mayo. Season; Oct.-Dec. Tree, upright; consistent producer of good crops; original tree removed; parentage not known; resistant to cold. Fruit; pyriform to oval; green; weight about 8 ozs.; skin thin & medium smooth; peels from flesh. Seed, med. in size; flesh does not adhere to seed. Oil,10% Nov.10,1947. (CAS Yearbook 1950) Also called Covacado.Orig.in Covina, CA.Introd.in 1947. Parentage unknown; Mex.; discovered in the early 1940s; propagated by Harry Mayo & promoted by Stuart Coulter. Fruit:4-8 oz; oval;skin light green with a tendency for brown blemishes, very thin, peels easily from flesh; season early Oct.-Nov.; rather low oil content by CA. standards, but seems to taste good at 7% & will obtain at least10% oil content. Tree: quite resistant to frost; upright grower; production extremely heavy & consistent; not grown commercially. (B&O Register) I would agree with B&O that this variety is Mex., not Guat. as stated in CAS 1950 quote. Two trees in the CAS germ plasm plot at the South Coast Research Station, Irvine, CA, field 44, row 12, trees 28 & 29. (J.R.Frink 1998) Origin, CA; Race, Guat.; Flowering group, A (Lahav & Gazit)
MAYO B(=WW5) Origin, CA; Race, GxM?; Flowering group, A (Lahav & Gazit)
MAYOPANI suspect this was meant to be Mayapan. See Mayapan. One tree is growing at South Coast Research Station, Irvine, CA. field 46, row 57, tree #19. (J.R.Frink 1998)
McARTHUROrigin, CA; Race, Guat.; Flowering group, A (Lahav & Gazit)
McCANN(W.I.) Florida Originated at Fort Myers, FL. Fruit season, late fall. (CAS Yearbook 1950) Origin, FL; Race, WI; Flowering group, A (Lahav & Gazit)
McCARTNEY(Guat.) Originated as seedling of Taft by H.L. Osborne at 504 E. Valerio St., Santa Barbara, CA. Fruit season, Dec.-Feb.; color, dark red; weight, 13 ozs.; shape, pyriform; skin, thin; flavor, good. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
McCLURE(W.I.) Florida Originated at Homestead, FL. It is very prolific. (CAS Yearbook 1950) Origin, FL; Race, WI; Flowering group, B (Lahav & Gazit)
McCONAGLE(W.I.) Hawaii Originated at Honolulu. Fruit color, reddish purple; weight 14-16 ozs.; shape, pyriform, ribbed; flavor, fair. Seed, medium. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
McDONALD(Guat.) P.I. 36603 Hawaii-Florida Originated from seed planted 1895. Brought to Honolulu by Admiral Beardslee. This & a few seedlings of it are among the leading commercial varieties in Hawaii. Fruit season, Nov.-Apr.; color, purple; weight, 12-16 ozs.; shape, spherical; skin, thick, rough, warty; flavor, rich. Seed, medium. Illus. & desc. HA Agri. Exp. Sta. Bul. 51. This variety is commercial in HA. (CAS Yearbook 1950) One tree at South Coast Research Station, Irvine, CA. field 46, row 57, tree #2. (J.R.Frink 1998) Origin, HI; Race, Guat.; Flowering group, B (Lahav & Gazit)
McINERY(Guat.) Hawaii Originated as seedling of McDonald in Honolulu. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
MEICO NEGROFlowering group, B (Lahav & Gazit)
MELENDEZ 2Origin, Puerto Rico; Race, GxWI; Flowering group, B (Lahav & Gazit)
MERCED(W.I.) P.I. 40981 Introduced 1915 by F.W. Popenoe USDA, from Placetas, Cuba. Fruit color, green; weight, 16 ozs.; shape, broad pyriform; flavor, excellent. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
MERITO(Guat.) Introduced 1911 by Carl Schmidt for West India Gardens, Altadena, CA, from Atlixco, Mex. Fruit season, May-June; color, purple; weight, 16 ozs.; shape, long, pyriform; skin, rough. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
MESA(Guat.) Regist. 1950 Tree originated 1936 at Shepard Mesa on place of Stanley L. Shepard, Carpinteria, CA. Generally good production. Growth, strong, upright. Fruit season, May-July. Color, dark green. Weight, 10 ozs. Shape, ovoid. Skin, smooth, medium, does not peel from flesh. Keeping quality poor. Flavor, good. Oil, 19.20%. Seed, 2 3/4 ozs. Reg. 1950.(CAS Yearbook 1950) Orig. in Carpinteria, CA, by Stanley L. Shepard. Introd. in 1936. Parentage unknown; discovered in 1936. Fruit: oval; skin green with a slight copper color; quality good; matures in early summer. Tree: vigorous; upright-spreading; produces good crops annually; not too susceptible to frost. Obsolete. (B&O Register) Origin, CA; Race, Guat.; Flowering group, A (Lahav & Gazit)
MESERVE(Guat.) P.I. 39371 Originated 1901 at Cherry & Hill Streets, Long Beach, CA from seed from Honolulu planted by Mrs. A.G. Meserve, later owned by Ralf Goddard. Fruit season, Apr.-Oct.; color, green; weight, 14-20 ozs.; shape, oval to spherical; skin, thick, rough, leathery. Seed, medium. (CAS Yearbook 1950) Origin, CA; Race, Guat.; Flowering group, B (Lahav & Gazit)
METCALF(Guat.) Exhibited May 1921 by V. Metcalf of Azusa, CA. Fruit season, Mar.-June; color, green; weight, 8-18 ozs.; shape, oval; skin, smooth. Seed, large. Marketability, poor. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
MEXICOLA(Mex.) Orig. about1910 as seedling at Coolidge Rare Plant Gardens, Pasadena, CA, propagated about 1912. Tree resistant to heat & cold & consistent bearer, seed in demand for rootstocks. Fruit season, Aug.-Oct.; color, black; weight,3-5 ozs.; shape, spherical to pyriform; skin, thin, smooth; flavor, excellent. Seed lg. (CAS Yearbook 1950) 2 trees at the South Coast Research Station, Irvine, CA., Field 44, Row 2, trees 16 & 17. One of the first varieties to be commercial, planted by Mr. Henry Huntington around 1915-17. This is a 100% Mex. avocado with thin black skin, pear shaped with well centered stem,2-6 ozs, med.-large seed that is often loose in the cavity, difficult to peel. It has an anise flavor & is quite good tasting. Appears to be resistant to Persea Mite. Keeping & shipping qualities, poor.(J.R. Frink 1998) Origin, CA; Race, Mex.; Flower group, A (Lahav & Gazit)(orig. about 1910 at Pasadena,CA; propagated about 1912); very sm.; skin black; flesh of excellent flavor; seed lg. Season: Aug.-Oct. Grown only in home gardens in CA. Bears early & regularly; very heat & cold resistant; much used as a parent in CA breeding programs.(J.Morton 1987)
MEYERS(Guat.) Originated at W.A. Spinks place, Duarte, CA, fruiting in 1918. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
MIAMIFlowering group, B (Lahav & Gazit)
MIDDLETON(Mex.) Regist. 1938 Originated about 1932 at Pomona by E.E. Middleton, 346 W. Center St., Pomona. Fruit season, Oct.-Jan.; color, green to purple; weight, 6 1/2 ozs.; shape, oval to pyriform; skin, has transverse cracks when mature; flavor, good plus; oil, 14.51%, Nov. 1938. Seed, 1 oz. (CAS Yearbook 1950) Orig. in Pomona, CA, by E.E. Middleton. Introd. in 1941. Parentage unknown; Mexican type; selected about 1932. Fruit: 8 oz; pyriform; skin dark purple; oil content medium; flavor excellent; high quality; season just before Fuerte. Tree: tall slender; some frost resistance. No longer propagated. (B&O Register)
MIGUELOrig. in South Dade County, Fla., by H.E. Kendall Introd. in 1974. Plant patent 3734; 24 June 1975. Chance seedling, appears to be West Indian parentage; discovered in 1970. Fruit: 20 to 48 oz; elliptical, cleft at stylar end; skin dark green, smooth, shiny, slightly leathery, peels easily, free of cork lenticels; flesh yellow, smooth, buttery, free of fiber; flavor excellent, nutty; seed medium, tight in cavity; ripens late Aug. through Sept.; softens after 6 to 10 days at 70F. Tree: fairly spreading; vigorous; blooms late Jan. to March; flower type B; one to two fruit per stem; major commercial cultivar in Florida. (B&O Register)
MILES(Guat.) Introduced 1911 by Carl Schmidt for West India gardens, Altadena, CA, from Atlixco, Mex. Fruit season, Mar-Apr.; color, purplish black; weight, 16 ozs.; shape, slender pyriform. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
MILLER(Guat.) Originated as seedling tree from Guat. planted 1886 on Jacob Miller place, Nicholas Canyon, Hollywood, CA, moved about 1896. Fruit season, summer; color, green; weight, 8-12 ozs.; shape, oval; skin, rough, thick, woody; oil, 18%. Seed, medium. Marketability poor on account of hard shell. See An. Rept. CAS 1920-21. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
MILLICENTOrigin, AUSTR; Race, Guat.; Flowering group, B (Lahav & Gazit)
MILLIE-C(Guat.) Originated by Mr. Combs at Nestor, San Diego County, CA. A heavy bearer in south coastal area in San Diego County. Fruit season, Aug., Sept.; color, purple; weight, 10-18 ozs.; shape, obovoid; skin, thick but not hard; flavor, good; oil, 20%. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
MISSION(Mex.) Originated 1913 on W.A. Spinks place, Duarte, CA. Fruit color, black; weight, 11 ozs.; shape, pyriform. Seed, medium. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
MISSION BELL(Guat. x Mex.) Originated 1913 on Chas. Lange place, West Anaheim, CA. Fruit season, Jan., Feb.; color, green; weight, 12-14 ozs.; shape, long pyriform, necked; skin, smooth. Seed, large. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
MISTERIORegistered 1947 (CAS Yearbook 1956)
MITCHELL(W.I.) Florida P.I. 18120 Originated in Puerto Rico, sent to FL in 1906. Fruit size, large; flavor, excellent. Seed, medium. (CAS Yearbook 1950) Orig. on the Mitchell place between Cutler & South Miami, F:. Introd. in 1930. Parentage unknown; West Indian type. Fruit: 2-3 lb; short obovate; skin very smooth, dark green, pliable; flesh yellow; seed size medium; season Aug. & Sept. Tree: mentioned as bearing well; flowering class A. No longer propagated. (B&O Register) Origin, Puerto Rico; Race, WI; Flowering group, A (Lahav & Gazit)
MITTORegistered 1954 (CAS Yearbook 1956)
MOANALUAPI. 44104 Hawaii Originated 1891 at Moanalua, HA. Fruit season, July-Sept.; color, green; shape, pyriform; skin, rough. Seed, medium. (CAS Yearbook 1950) Origin, HI; Flowering group, A
MODESTO(Guat.) Introduced 1912 by West Indian Gardens, Altadena, CA from Atlixco, Mex. Fruit season, May-June; color, black; size, large. Seed, small. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
MONGEPuerto Rico Listed as a native variety in Report Agr. Exp. Sta., Univ. Puerto Rico, 1934-35. (CAS Yearbook 1950) (Monje) Origin, HI or PR; Race, WI; Flowering group, B (Lahav & Gazit)
MONICA See Clifton.
MONROE (CALIF)(of CA) (Guat.) Originated 1904 on the B.H. Sharpless place near Tustin, CA, named for Mrs. Sharpless. Fruit season, May-July; color, green; weight, 14-20 ozs.; shape, broad, pyriform; skin, smooth. Seed, medium. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
MONROE FLORIDA(of FL) (W.I. x Mex) Florida Plant Patent 261, Aug. 24, 37 Originated about 1932 probably as seedling of Walden x Eagle Rock, at Redland Avocado Grove, Homestead, FL. It is a heavy bearer. Fruit season, Dec.-Feb.; color, green; weight, 26-36 ozs.; shape, rounded obovoid; skin, glossy, pebbled, thick; flavor, excellent; oil, 10-14%. (CAS Yearbook 1950) Orig. in Homestead, FL, by J.J.L. Phillips. Introd. in 1937. Plant patent 261; 24 Aug. 1937; taken out by J.R. Byrum, assigned to Redland Avocado Grove, Homestead. Parentage unknown; probably a West Indian x Guat.(Lahav & Gazit) hybrid; selected in 1935. Fruit: large, 26-36 oz; skin dark green, glossy, attractive; flesh yellow, slightly green near skin, fiberless; oil content 10% to 30% flavor nutty; season Dec. & Jan. Tree: heavy bearer; flowering group B. (B&O Register) Origin, FL; Race, WIxG; Flowering group, (A), B (Lahav & Gazit)
MONROVIA(Mex.) Syn. Vaiadenia Originated about 1896 on Bradbury Estate, Duarte, CA. Fruit season, fall; color, purple; weight, 4-8 ozs.; shape, pyriform; skin, glossy. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
MONTEBELLOExhibited May 1921 by F.D. Closser. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
MONTEZUMA(Guat.) Introduced 1911 by Carl Schmidt for West India Gardens, Altadena, CA from a very large old tree at Atlixco, Mex. Fruit season, Apr.-Sept.; color, green; weight, 14-23 ozs.; shape, pyriform. Seed, medium. (CAS Yearbook 1950) Origin, Mex.; Race, Guat.; Flowering group, B (Lahav & Gazit)
MONTREIFlowering group, A (Lahav & Gazit)
MOORE(W.I.) Hawaii Originated at Honolulu. Fruit season, summer to fall; color, purple; weight, 20-22 ozs.; shape, oval to pyriform. Seed, large. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
MORENO(Guat.) P.I. 43604 Introduced 1916 by USDA from Tegueigalpa, Honduras. Fruit color, mottled green & brown; shape, nearly spherical. (CAS Yearbook 1950) Origin, Honduras; Race, Mex.; Flowering group, B (Lahav & Gazit)
MORNEMentioned in Rept. St. Lucia Dept. Agr. 1935. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
MOWRYFlowering group, A (Lahav & Gazit)
MUNDO(Guat.) Regist. 1938 Originated from a Lyon seed about 1932 on Vista Del Mundo Ranch of Dr. Horace F. Pierce at Santa Barbara. A heavy & regular bearer. (CAS Yearbook 1950) Orig. at the Vista del Mundo ranch in Santa Barbara, CA, by H.F. Pierce. Introd. in 1938. Open-pollinated seedling of Lyon; selected about 1932. Fruit: skin light green; oval to round; averages 17.5 oz; seed averages 3 oz, tight to flesh; flavor good; oil content averages 20.8%; ripens during Aug. Tree: heavy & regular bearer. No longer propagated commercially. (B&O Register)
MUNISBritish Guiana Mentioned in recent British Guiana publication. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
MURASHIGEOrigin, HI; Race, Guat.; Flowering group, B (Lahav & Gazit)
MURPHYFlowering group, A (Lahav & Gazit)
MURRAY REDOrig. in Stuart, FL, on property of James W. Mills. Introd. in 1969. Plant patent 2948; 9 Dec. 1969, by Howard E. McCormick, Stuart, FL. Parentage unknown. seedling discovered in 1967 by Mr. McCormick, Rio Nursery, Stuart. Fruit: size medium, 12 - 20 oz, 4 - 7 inches long, pyriform; skin brightly covered with red over yellow ground color, flecked appearance, nearly smooth; seed medium tight in cavity; flesh yellowish-green, flavor pleasant, mild, nut-like, faintly sweet, not watery or greasy; ripens latter part of Sept. through Oct. Tree: upright; hardiness moderate. (B&O Register)
MURRIETA (Guat.) Syn. Murrieta Green P.I. 38888 Originated about 1910 as seed from Mexico planted by Juan Murrieta at 765 College, St., Los Angeles, propagated 1912. Tree moved 1914 to Doheny Estate, Beverly Hills & died soon afterwards. A weak grower. Fruit season, July-Sept.; color, green; weight 14-20 ozs.; shape, spherical; skin, rough; flavor, rich; oil, 18%. Illus. CA Jour. Agr. 1 (4) 33 Nov. 1913 Marketability excellent. (CAS Yearbook 1950) Origin, Mex.; Race, Guat.; Flowering group, B (Lahav & Gazit)A tree was grafted in 1999 in the germ plasm collection at South Coast Field Station. It is growing but we've had no fruit to test as yet. (JR Frink Dec.1999) Murrieta Green has a green, good-quality fruit, commercially too large; on a tree that is short and spreading- easy to pick, and to spray if necessary. (Grandparent tree of XX3) (Bergh 2000)
MURRIETA 2-LB(Guat.) Originated on the Murrieta place, 765 College St., Los Angeles, Blooms freely but sets very few fruits. Fruit season, June-Aug.; color, green; weight, 20-34 ozs.; shape, oblique obovoid, small russet dots, slightly rough. Seed, large. (CAS Yearbook 1950) Origin, CA; Race, Guat.; Flowering group, A (Lahav & Gazit)
MYATT(W.I.) Hawaii Originated in Hawaii. Fruit color, green; weight, 24-32 ozs.; shape, oval; skin, smooth, spotted dark specks, medium thick. Seed, large. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
N(Nos. 12, 66, 151-152) Origin, CA; Race Guat.; Flowering group, A (Lahav & Gazit) I suspect that N means 'seedling of Nabal'. (J.R. Frink 1998)
N-119Origin CA; Race, Guat.?; Flowering group, B (Lahav & Gazit) I suspect that this is a numbered seedling of Nabal. (J.R. Frink 1998)
NABAL(Guat.)P.I.44439 Introd.1917 by F.W.Popenoe,USDA from Antigua, Guat., elevation 5100 ft. Parent illus. & desc.USDA Bul.743.Tree a good grower & heavy bearer in alternate years.Being propagated in HI & FL. A good grower & bears heavy every 2-4 years. Fruit season, June-Oct. Color, green. Weight,12-17 ozs. Shape, almost spherical. Skin, smooth. Flavor, excellent. Oil, 16%. Illus. CA. Avo. Soc. An. Rept. 1917. CA. Ag. Ext.Serv. Circ.43. USDA Bul URE.Marketability, good. Illus.1917:124 &1946:47 (CAS Yearbook1950) Orig;Guat., imported into the U.S. by F.W. Popenoe, U.S.D.A. Introd. in CA in 1927, in FL in 1937. Parentage unknown; Guat.type. Fruit: med.,16-24 oz; almost round;skin smooth, dark green;flesh yellow; good quality; oil content10%-15%;seed med.-small, tight in cavity; season Jan. & Feb. Tree: strongly alternate bearer. Flower group B. (B&O Register.) 2 trees in CAS germ plasm plot at South Coast Research Station, Irvine, CA, field 44, row 2, trees 13 & 14. Ave. weight 26-35 oz in my data. (J.R.Frink 1998) Origin, Guat; Race, Guat.;Flower group, B (Lahav&Gazit) (budwood brought from Guat. in 1917; propagated in CA since 1927, in FL from 1937;in IS since 1934);nearly round;med.-lg.;skin nearly smooth,thick, granular; flesh of high quality,green near skin;10-15%oil in FL.18-22%in Queensland; seed small,tight. Season: June-Set.in CA; Jan.&Feb.in FL; Oct.&Nov.in Queensland. Tree bears well in central FL; bears late&poorly in IS averaging 68lbs (30kg) per year in alternate years. In Queensland, bears in alternate yrs. very heavily, but is rated as of med. quality & disease-prone during prolonged ripening. (J.Morton)
NABAL (Karni)Origin, ISR; Race, Guat.; Flowering group, B (Lahav & Gazit)
NADIROrig. in Homestead, FL, in the Frank Upchurch grove. Introd. in 1950; named by W.H. Krome, Homestead. Selected in 1942 by Krome; first propagated in 1943; a West Indian type, possibly hybridized with a Guatemalan type. Fruit: 10-20 oz; pyriform; skin green, smooth, thin; quality fair; seed small, tight in cavity; midseason, July & Aug., slightly ahead of Waldin; flowering group A; major commercial cultivar in Florida. (B&O Register) Origin, FL; Race, WIxG; Flowering group, A (Lahav & Gazit)
NARANJO #3One tree is growing at South Coast Research Station, Irvine, CA. field 46, row 57, tree #18. (J.R.Frink 1998)
NEGROS(Guat.) P.I. 43605 Introduced 1912 by USDA from Tegueigalpa, Honduras. Fruit color, black; shape, spherical. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
NEHRLING(Guat.) Florida Originated 1920 on Werner Nehrling place near Orlando, FL, as Collins seedling, propagated 1930. A shy bearer in Homestead area. Fruit season, Nov.-Jan.; color, green; weight, 16-36 ozs.; skin, sl. rough, thick; flavor, rich; oil, 12-15%. Seed, medium. (CAS Yearbook 1950) Origin, FL; Race, Guat.; Flowering group, B (Lahav & Gazit)
NELSON(Possibly a hybrid) Florida Originated 1920 in grove of C. Nelson, Princeton, FL, as seedling of Colla. Fruit season, Dec.-Jan.; color, green; weight, 12-20 ozs.; skin, sl. rough, thick, glossy; oil, 16-18%. Seed, small. (CAS Yearbook 1950) Origin, FL; Race, Gx?; Flowering group, B (Lahav & Gazit)
NENAOrig.in Atlixco, Puebla, Mex., by Wilson Popenoe, Escuela Agricola Panamericana, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.Introd.in Honduras in 1964. Parentage unknown; Mex. type; selected in 1948. Fruit: large for this type, about 3 1/4" long and up to 2 1/2" in diameter,6-8oz; skin dark purple, glossy, smooth, very attractive; lenticels few and yellowish; flesh cream changing to greenish near skin, very slight fiber markings; buttery, nutty flavor; oil content 19%-25%; quality good; seed small for this type, tight in cavity, both seedcoats adhering closely; season Oct.&Nov. Tree: erect, broad; branches stiff;productivity appears to be quite satisfactory. (B&O Register) Origin, Mex.; Race, Mex.; Flowering group, B (Lahav & Gazit)
NESBITTFlowering group, A (Lahav & Gazit)
NETAIMCan be found at South Coast Field Station, Irvine, CA. field 46. (J.R. Frink 1998) Several rows of trees were removed to prevent the proliferation of sun bloch and the Netaim was in that area and was removed in 1999. It had been in the Historic collection prior to 1990 but was removed because it was considered to be of no value. (J.R. Frink 2001) Origin, ISR; Race, MxG; Flowering group, A (Lahav & Gazit)
NEWBERRY(Guat.) Originated 1923 on the J.R. Newberry place, Carlsbad, CA. Fruit color, green; weight, 11-12 ozs.; shape, pyriform; skin, smooth. Seed, medium. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
NEWMANOrigin, CA; Race, MxG; Flowering group, B (Lahav & Gazit)
NEZAHUALCOYOTLOrigin, Mex.; Flowering group, A (Lahav & Gazit)
NICHOLSOrig. in Los Angeles, Calif., by Royce S. Bringhurst, CA Agr. Expt. Sta. Introd. in 1962. Open-pollinated seedling of (Fuerte x Mexicola); planted in 1953 in CA agr. Ext. Serv. test plot at the Ernest R. Nichols orchard by Nichols & Calvin C. Delphey, farm advisor, Ventura County. Fruit: pear-shaped; 12-15 oz; skin green; flesh color creamy; quality excellent to good, very little fiber; oil content 13% in Jan. over 20% in April; resembles Fuerte. Tree: produces heavy crops. Not propagated commercially. (B&O Register)
NIMAH(Guat.) P.I. 45078 Introduced 1917 by F.W. Popenoe USDA, from Guatemala. Fruit color, green; weight, 11-12 ozs.; shape, pyriform, curved neck; skin, rough. Seed, medium. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
NIMLIOH(Guat.) P.I.44440 Introd. 1917 by F.W. Popenoe USDA, from Antigua, Guat.It is propagated also in HI. Fruit season, May-Aug.; color, green; weight, 36-45 ozs.; shape, broadly oval; skin, rough. Seed, med.(CAS Yearbook 1950) Illust.1917:126 (CAS Yearbook 1956) 2 trees at South Coast Research Station, Irvine, CA, field 44, row 3,trees 22&23. Nimlioh is an Indian term, or phrase which means "avocado is large'.Fruit is 28-40 ozs, very round, med. size seed, very good flavor, mature July - Nov., flower type B. Thick, black, rough but not very pebbly skin.Trees are large,vigorous, appear to be resistant to Persea mite&greenhouse thrip & produce generous crops on alternate cycles. (J.R. Frink 1998)(USDA budwood brought from Guat.1917; propagated commercially in 1921); elliptical; lg;skin slightly rough;flesh thick;seed fairly small, tight.Season:late (Jan.&Feb.) in FL; May-Aug. in CA. Tree bears moderate crops on south coast of Puerto Rico. Abandoned in FL in 1925 because tree found to be weak & not prolific. (J.Morton 1987)
NIMLIONSONFlowering group, B (Lahav & Gazit)
NIROrigin, ISR; Race, GxM; Flowering group, A (Lahav & Gazit)
NIRODY(Guat. x W.I.) Florida Originated 1922 from hand pollination by B.S. Nirody of McDonald x Pollock in grove of Coral Reef Nurseries, Rockdale, FL. Fruit season, Sept.-Nov.; color, green; weight, 12-24 ozs.; shape, rounded oblate; skin, thick, sl. undulate; oil, 6-10%. Seed, large. (CAS Yearbook 1950) Origin, FL; Race, GxWI; Flowering group, B (Lahav & Gazit)
NISHIKAWAOrigin, HI; Race, Guat.?; Flowering group, B (Lahav & Gazit) Nishikawa is a 12-18 oz. green pyriform shaped fruit. It bears very rich and nutty flavored fruits in winter. Type B flower. (Frankie's Nursery, Waimanalo, Hawaii,1999)
NN (Nos. 39, 62) Origin, CA; Race, Guat.?; Flowering group, A (Lahav & Gazit)
NN 10Discovered by Gray Martin at the Crawford Teague ranch in the 1980s. Mr. Teague was a cooperator in the breeding program and was growing several hundred seedling trees. Mr. Whitsell who was in the UCR breeding program and Mr. Martin found the NN10 to their liking so they were grafted into the historical collection at the Southcoast Research and Extension Center. Green, pear shaped, 11 to 15 oz fruit is golden, ripens around Christmas, is creamy, and of delicious flavor. Tree is on the small side, produces well. Seed is medium size. The fruit peels very easily and is excellent in fruit baskets and for holiday needs. Pulp does not oxidize quickly so can be sliced ahead of time. This avocado is handsome on the outside but lacks a bit of green and nice contrast of color in the flesh. (JRFrink)
NN 63Discovered by Gray Martin at the Crawford Teague ranch in the 1980s. Mr. Teague was a cooperator in the breeding program and was growing several hundred seedling trees. Mr. Whitsell who was in the UCR breeding program and Mr. Martin found the NN63 to their liking so several were grafted into the historical collection at the Southcoast Research and Extension Center. Very dark green with rough but not overly pebbly skin, round oval shaped, 11 to 19 oz fruit is golden, ripens around Christmas, is rich, and buttery with a very good flavor. Tree is on the small side, produces well. Seed is medium size. The fruit is excellent in fruit baskets and for holiday needs. This avocado lacks a bit of green and nice contrast of color in the flesh. For many years we have called it the Christmas Avocado.(JRFrink)
NO RACEOrigin, Mex.; Flowering group, A (Lahav & Gazit)
NOBEL(Hybrid) Originally BL 667. (Bob Lamb) B flower Hass like, 8-14 ozs, ave. 11 ozs, green when hard April-July, green & black hard Aug.-Dec., black when soft. Best taste test scores, May-Sept. in Irvine, immature Jan.-Mar, very attractive flesh, seed usually of medium size. Skin is less bumpy than Hass. This result of the UCR Avo. breeding program is a promising new variety. Dr. B. Bergh & Gray E. Martin submitted a declaration of invention form in 1997. For more information see p.39 CAS Yearbook 1993. (J.R. Frink 1998)
NOGA(Hybrid) Variety originated in Bay Area of CA. Said to be cold resistant. Two trees growing at South Coast Research Station, Irvine, CA, field 44, row 1, trees 19 &20. Fruit is green, hard & soft, seed, medium large to large, oval shape, season Apr.-June at Irvine,9-16 ozs, Blossom type A, quality average. (J.R.Frink 1998)
NORMANOrig. in the Hyman and Katzin Grove, Homestead, Fla., by the Florida East Coast Fertilizer Co. of Homestead. Introd. in 1957. Parentage unknown; Guatemalan type. Fruit: 16-19 oz; skin bright green; quality good; season Jan. Tree: tall but more spreading than Lula or Taylor: yields averaged 5 bushels per year for 1953-58. Flowering group A; not propagated commercially. (B&O Register) Origin, FL; Race, Guat.?; Flowering group, A (Lahav & Gazit)
NORTHROP(Mex.) (Syn. Eels) Orig. about 1900 on the old J.H. Northrop place near Tustin, CA as seedling from C.P. Taft,propagated 1911.Fruit season,Oct.-Nov.; color, purple; weight, 5-7 ozs.; shape, oblong pyriform. Seed, med. (CAS Yearbook 1950) One tree at South Coast Research Station, Irvine, CA, field 44, row 13, tree,14. Fruit is 4-6 ozs, large pit, smooth black, thin skin, ripe in Nov., short season, anise flavor, poor quality. Large spreading tree, B flower type. Flavor is not as good as Mexicola & flesh is not attractive. Its value is that it is a typical black Mexican variety but much larger. (J.R. Frink 1998) 44, row 13, tree #14. Origin, CA; Race, Mex.; Flower group, B (Lahav & Gazit)(seedling from C.P.Taft planted about 1900 near Tustin, CA; propagated about 1911) sm., 3 1/2 -5 1/2oz(100-150g); skin nearly black; flesh of good quality, 26% oil; seed med. Season: oct.&Nov. in CA; mid-July to mid-Sept. in FL; mid-Sept. to mid-Oct. in IS. Fruit does not keep well; flavor disagreable when over-ripe. Tree bears regularly but has lower yield than Duke. (J.Morton 1987)
NOVEM(Guat. x Mex.) Registered 1938 Originated 1933 at Carlsbad, CA on place of H.L. Cooper. fruit season, Nov.-Jan.; color, green; weight, 9 1/4 ozs.; shape, pyriform; skin, medium thick; flavor, good; oil, 15.73% in Dec. Seed, 1 1/2 ozs. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
NOWELS(Hybrid) Regist.1940 Orig.2538 East 54th St.,Huntington Park, CA by M.E. Nowels. Fruit season, Oct.-Dec. Color, green Weight,10 ozs. Flavor, good. Oil, 18.3% Seed, 1.50ozs.(CAS Yearbook 1950) Orig. in Huntington Park, CA, by M.E. Nowels. Introd. in 1940. Chance seedling. Fruit:5-10oz; small when heavy crops are produced; skin green, russets;flavor good oil content high; season, Oct.- Dec.; less frost tolerance than Fuerte.Tree: open-spreading; tends to bear in alternate years. Not propagated commercially.(B&O Register) 2 trees at South Coast Research Station, field 44, row 12, trees 16&17. Trees are somewhat alternate bearing although there is some fruit each year. Fruit has beautiful flesh, nice flavor, often our best Jan. variety although ripening season varies. B flower type. (J.R. Frink 1998) Origin, CA; Race, MxG; Flowering group, A (Lahav & Gazit)
NOYL(Guat.) Regist. 1932 Originated 1925 at Escondido, CA, from Lyon seed on place of Willis Maple at Fullerton, CA. Fruit season, Feb.-April; color, purple; weight, 11 ozs.; shape, pyriform; skin thin, pebbled; flavor, poor plus; oil, 13.8%; fiber, much. Seed, medium, 2 ozs. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
NUTRegistered 1951 (CAS Yearbook 1956)
NUTMEG(Guat.) P.I. 36604 Hawaii Originated 1907 at Honolulu as a seedling of McDonald. Fruit season, late; color, green; weight, 16-24 ozs.; shape, spherical; skin, rough; flavor, excell.; oil, 26.7%. Illus. Hawaiian Agri. Exp. Sta. Bul. 51. (CAS Yearbook 1950) Origin, HI; Race, Guat.; Flowering group B (Lahav & Gazit)
OAKLEYNo. 1 (Guat.) Originated about 1912 at H.C. Oakley place, Brentwood Park near Los Angeles. Fruit season, July-Nov.; color, black; weight, 12-20 ozs.; shape, oblong; skin, smooth. Seed, large. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
OBISPO(Guat.) Introduced 1911 by Carl Schmidt for West India Gardens, Altadena, CA, from Atlixco, Mex. Fruit season, Jan.-Feb.; color, purple; weight, 14-16 ozs.; shape, pyriform. Seed, medium. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
O'HEARN(Guat.) Regist. 1935 Originated 1927 at Fallbrook, CA, on ranch of V.D. O'Hearn. Fruit season, March-June; color, purple; weight, 8 1/2 ozs.; shape, oval; skin, thin; flavor, fair; oil, 15%. Seed, medium, 14%. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
OLIVETTE(Guat.) Regist. 1941 Originated at Carlsbad, CA from Anaheim seed. Fruit season, July-Sept.; color, green; weight, 12 ozs.; shape pyriform; skin thick, smooth; flavor, fair plus; oil, 15.8%; fiber, considerable. Seed, 3 1/2 ozs. (CAS Yearbook 1950) Registered 1935 (CAS Yearbook 1956)
OLIVIA(Guat.)Regist1949 Tree originated by H.E &Olivia R.Kemp,Encinitas, CA, location, Akin Bax Akers, Leucadia, CA; seed planted 1932; production about 150 lbs. per year; resistance to frost, quite hardy; growth, erect. Fruit season, Aug.-Sept.; color, green; weight, 8.50 ozs.; shape, obloid; skin, medium thick, pebbled, peels from flesh; flavor, good plus; oil, 24.5% Oct.24. Seed, 2 ozs.(CAS Yearbook 1950) Orig. in Leucadia, CA, by H.E. Kemp & Olivia R. Kemp. Introd. in 1952. Parentage unknown; Guat. type; seed planted about 1932; selected in 1949. Fruit: weight about 8.50 oz; skin green, medium pebbled, peels easily; flavor good; oil content 24.5%; seed averages 2 oz; season Aug.&Sept. Tree: upright; quite hardy. Not propagated commercially. (B&O Register) Registered 1941 (CAS Yearbook 1956)
OO67Origin, CA; Race, GxM; Flowering group, A (Lahav & Gazit)
OPDYKE(Mex.) Regist. 1942 Originated at Rancho Santa Fe from Fuerte seed. Fruit season, Dec.-Mar.; color, green turning purple on softening; weight, 8 ozs.; shape, pyriform; skin, thin & smooth; flavor, good minus, nutty; oil, 20.8%. Seed, 2 ozs. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
ORCO(Mex.) Smooth, thin skined, ovate, average weight, 9-20 oz, green hard & soft, poor quality, winter ripening. One tree at South Coast Research Station, Irvine, CA, field 44, row 12, #26. (J.R.Frink 1998)
ORITOrigin, ISR; Race, Guat.; Flowering group, A (Lahav & Gazit)
ORO(Guat.) Introduced by Carl Schmidt for West India Gardens, Altadena, CA, from Atlixco, Mex. Fruit season, May-June; color, green; weight 15-18 ozs.; shape, pyriform; skin, rough, glossy. Seed, small. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
OROTAVAOrigin, Canary Islands; Race, Guat.; Flowering group B (Lahav & Gazit)
OSBORN(Guat.) Originated 1917 on place of Mrs. N.B. Osborn, 2079 Logan Ave., San Diego, CA. Fruit season, Aug.-Nov.; color, green; weight, 14-20 ozs.; shape, oval; skin, rough; flavor, good; oil, 15%. Seed, medium. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
OSHRIOrigin, ISR; Race, Mex.; Flowering group, B (Lahav & Gazit)
OSO(Guat.) Regist. 1938 Originated about 1932 at head of Diamond St., Laguna Beach, CA, on place of Mrs. Byrd Snyder. Fruit season, May-June; color, purple; weight, 13 ozs.; shape, pyriform; flavor, good; oil, 19.4%, July. Seed, 1 1/4 ozs. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
PADRE(Guat.) Regist. 1934 Originated 1926 at San Gabriel, CA, on place of A.L. Healton. Fruit season, May-Aug.; color, green; weight, 15 ozs.; shape, oval; skin, rough, medium thick; flavor, fair; oil, 14.3%. Seed, 2 ozs. (CAS Yearbook 1950) Registered 1938 (CAS Yearbook 1956) Origin, CA; Race, Guat.; Flowering group, B (Lahav & Gazit)
PALTANo. 1 P.I. 31478 Introduced 1911 as seed by USDA from Costa Rica. Fruit color, green; weight, 13 ozs.; shape pyriform to obovoid. Seed, medium. (CAS Yearbook 1950) Registered 1934 (CAS Yearbook 1956)
PALTITAA hardy Chilean variety with small fruits of good quality. Seed introduced by Dr. Franceschi about 1895, most of resulting trees going abroad. A large tree on old Nordhoff place, 1124 Pacific St., Redlands is probably only remaining one (1937) in CA. Fruit size, small; flavor, good. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
PANCHOY(Guat.)P.I.44625 Introd.1917 by F.W.Popenoe,USDA from Antigua, Guat., elevation 5100ft.Parent illus.&desc.USDA Bul.743.A leading variety in HI.Fruit season, Apr.-Aug.; color, green; weight,18-24 ozs.; shape, pyriform; skin, rough, thick; flavor, poor;oil,18%.Illus.in An. Rept.C.A.S.1917. See USDA Bul.743. Marketability is poor.(CAS Yearbook 1950) Illust.1917:127 (CAS Yearbook 1956) Origin, Guat.; Race, Guat.; Flower group, B (Lahav & Gazit)(a USDA introduction into FL from Guat.; fruited in 1919); pear-shaped to almost elliptical; med.-lg.; skin rough, very thick;seed of med.size,tight.Season:very late(Mar.-early Apr.)in FL.;Apr.- Aug. in CA. Formerly a heavy bearer in FL&still is on the south coast of Puerto Rico but subject to die-back.Has been commercially important in CA&HI. (J.Morton 1987)
PANKAY(Guat.) P.I. 44785 Introduced 1917 by F.W. Popenoe, USDA from Guat. Fruit season, May-Aug.; color, green; weight, 12 ozs.; shape, pyriform; skin, smooth. Seed, medium. (CAS Yearbook 1950) Illustrated 1917:25 (CAS Yearbook 1956) Origin, Guat.; Race, Guat.; Flowering group, A (B) (Lahav & Gazit)
PATENT 100(Guat.) (Gano) Plant Patent No. 100, Aug. 7, 1934 Originated 1918 from seed of Colorado planted by Mrs. Jennie C. Gano at 801 No. Citrus Ave., Whittier, CA, propagated 1928. A vigorous upright grower, precocious & prolific; a consistant bearer. Fruit season, July-Aug.; weight, 10-20 ozs.; shape, pyriform; skin, smooth, leathery; flavor, fair; oil 17.7%. Seed, medium. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
PATRICIA(Guat.) Regist. 1932 Originated1928 at Carlsbad, CA, on place of C.D. McClellan. Fruit color, purple; weight, 20 ozs.; shape, pyriform; skin, thick, slightly corrugated, pebbled; flavor, fair minus; fiber, considerable. Seed, medium, 3 3/4 ozs. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
PAULINERegistered 1951 (CAS Yearbook 1956)
PAYAN(Mex.) Registered 1952 Seed brought in from Mexico and planted by M.D. Payan on grove owned by R.C.Payan. 8902 Tustin Street near Olive, CA in 1910. TREE: Thrifty, upright and tall; production very good; cold resistance is very good. FRUIT: Season: Aug. - Nov., usually; Color: black; Weight: 2 3/4 ozs.; Shape: ovoid; Skin: thin and smooth; Flavor: good minus; Oil: 19.9% Keeping Quality: good; Seed: 3/4 oz. (CAS Yearbook1952)
PAZUSA
PEACH(W.I.) Hawaii Originated at Honolulu. Fruit color, red with deeper blush; weight, 10-16 ozs.; shape, spherical; skin, smooth. Seed, medium. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
PEACOCK(W.I.) P.I. 26720 Florida Originated before 1908 with Mr. Peacock at Cocoanut Grove, FL. Fruit season, Nov.; color, maroon, greenish toward apex; shape, pyriform; skin, smooth. Seed, small. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
PEDLEY(Guat.) Regist. 1950 Tree originated at Valley & Magnolia Sts., Carlsbad, CA; on place of E.C. Pedley, from cross of Anaheim & Nabal; seed planted 1945; hardy to cold; large tree. Fruit season, not determined; color, med. green; weight, 16 1/2 ozs.; shape, ovoid; skin, smooth, medium, peels from flesh; flavor, good plus; oil, 14.20%. Keeping quality good. Seed, 2 3/4 ozs. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
PEERLESS(Guat.) Originated 1922 on H.J. Ingersoll place, Los Angeles. Fruit season, Mar.- June; color, green; weight, 14-18 ozs.; shape, pyriform; skin, rough, glossy. Seed, medium. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
PEGRegistered 1953 (CAS Yearbook 1956)
PENGUIN(Mex.) Originated before 1922 on A.R. Rideout place, Whittier, CA. Fruit color, green; weight, 10 ozs. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
PERA NEGRAOrigin, Mex.; Race, Mex.; Flowering group, B (Lahav & Gazit)
PERFECTIONHawaii Reported 1929 on W.R. Haley place, Hawaii as "almost" a perfect variety. Fruit color, green; size, large; shape, pyriform. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
PERFECTO(Guat.) Introduced 1911 by Carl Schmidt for West India Gardens, Altadena, CA from Atlixco, Mex. Fruit season, Jan.-Apr.; color, green; weight, 20 ozs.; shape, pyriform; skin, rough. Seed, medium. (CAS Yearbook 1950) Origin, Mex.; Race, Mex.; Flowering group, A (Lahav & Gazit)
PETERSON Origin, FL; Race, WI; Flowering group, A (Lahav & Gazit)
PETRIE(Hybrid) Originated by Geo. Bjornson, Escondido, CA. Fruit season, Jan.-Feb.; color, dark green; weight, 14 ozs.; shape, pyriform; flavor, good plus; oil, 20-23%; fiber, little; flesh like Fuerte. Seed. 2 1/4 ozs. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
PICKETT(Guat.) Regist. 1934 Originated 1925 at Goleta, CA from Lyon seed on place of E.S. Pickett. Fruit season, July-Sept.; color, green; weight, 16-20 ozs.; shape, oblong; skin, rough, medium thick; flavor, good minus; oil, 17.9%. Seed, medium, 3 1/2 ozs. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
PICO(Mex.) Originated on the Jacob Miller place, Hollywood, CA propagated 1910. Original tree moved about 1915 to Doheny place. Fruit season Sept.-Nov.; color, purple; weight, 3-5 ozs.; shape, obovoid. Seed, large. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
PIERCE(Guat.) Regist. 1938 Originated from a Lyon seed about 1934 on Vista del Mundo Ranch of Dr. Horace F. Pierce, at Santa Barbara; a heavy & regular bearer. Fruit season, July-Aug.; color, green; weight, 17 ozs.; skin, appearance good; flavor, good; oil, 20.17%, July, 1938. Seed, 2 ozs. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
PINELLI(W.I.) Florida Originated at Homestead, FL. Fruit season, Aug.-Oct.; color, green; weight, 24-40 ozs.; skin, smooth. (CAS Yearbook 1950) Origin, FL; Race, WI; Flowering group, A (Lahav & Gazit)
PINKERTONOrig. in Saticoy, Ventura County, CA, by J. Pinkerson, Ventura. Introd.1974. Plant pat. 3712; 29 Apr.1975.Seedling of HassxRincon;discovered1960.Fruit: med.-lg; pyriform; skin green, leathery, peels easily; flesh smooth, buttery, fiberless; oil content up to 25%; seed sm.; excellent commercial variety; possible Fuerte replacement; ripens Nov. through Jan.; hold until late June on tree. Tree; lg., spreading, very vigorous; heavy bearer. (B&O Register) Fruit has been immature until March during most years at South Coast Research Station, never mature in Nov. (J.R. Frink 1998) Origin, CA; Race, GxM; Flowering group, A (Lahav & Gazit) (seedling,probably of Rincon,found on Pinkerton ranch in Ventura Co.,CA,in 1970; patented;early crop roundish;later, pear-shaped with neck; of med.size, 8-14oz (227-397g);skin Med.-leathery,pliable;flesh thick,up to 10%more than in Hass or Fuerte;smooth-textured, of good flavor, high in oil, rated as of good quality but inferior to Hass&Fuerte; tends to darken in the latter part of the season; seed small,separates readily from the flesh with the coat adhering to the seed. Season: first crop,Oct.or Nov.,2nd crop,Dec.or Jan. Fruit ships well&has good shelf-life,but the neck is a disadvantage on the fresh fruit market; accordingly, the late-season fruits are sent to the processing plants.The tree is of low, spreading habit;bears early&heavily;is as cold-sensitive as Hass.About 1200 acres(486ha)in CA in 1984.(J.Morton 1987)
PINTOOrigin, Puerto Rico; Flowering group, A (Lahav & Gazit)
PLATA(Mex.) Introduced 1911 by Carl Schmidt for West India Gardens, Altadena, CA from San Luis Potosi, Mex. Fruit season, Aug., second crop in Feb.; color, green; size small. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
POLLOCK (W.I.) P.I.12936 FL Originated prior to 1896 on place of H.S. Pollock, Miami, FL, propagated 1901.The leading early variety in FL for 25 yrs, not now recommend- ed. Fruit season, July-Sept.; color, green; weight, 20-40 ozs.; shape, oblong to pyriform; skin, smooth, glossy;flavor, excell.; oil, 3-5%. Seed, large.Illus.& desc. in Yearbook USDA 1912, also FL Agr. Exp. Sta. Bul. 272. (CAS Yearbook 1950)Orig. in Miami, FL, by H.S. Pollock before 1896. Introd.1901. West Indian type. Fruit oblong to pyriform,very large 30-50 oz, occasionally to 5 lbs; skin smooth, light glossy green; flesh a rich yellow blending with green near the skin, of excellent quality; oil content 3%-5%;seed size lrg, loose in cavity;season early, July-Sept. Tree: vigorous but a shy bearer. Flower type B; major commercial cultivar in FL. (B&O Register) Origin, FL; Race, WI; Flower B, (Lahav & Gazit) (originated in Miami before 1896; commercially propagated in 1901); oblong to pear-shaped; very large, up to 5 lbs (2.27kg); skin smooth; flesh green near skin, contains 3-5% oil; seed large, frequently loose in cavity. Season: early July-Aug. or Oct. Shy-bearing &too large but of superior quality. (J.Morton)
POMONA(Mex.) Originated at 533 W. 9th St., Pomona. CA. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
PONTEPRINOOrig. in Anaheim, CA, by Meyer E. Ponteprino. Introd. in 1952. Plant patent 1080; 25 Mar. 1952. Parentage unknown, Guatemalan type; discovered in 1937. Fruit: 8-16 oz; pyriform; skin dark green, smooth, medium thickness, peels readily; flesh rich yellow; flavor very good; oil content high; seed small, 1 1/2 oz; harvest season May - Oct.; keeps well. Tree: upright; yield good. No longer propagated. (B&O Register) Registered 1953 (CAS Yearbook 1956)
POPENOE APopenoe (A was added for alphabetizing purposes. JRF)(Nos. 3, 51029) Origin, CA; Race, MxG; Flowering group, A (Lahav & Gazit)
POPENOE BPopenoe (B was added for alphabetizing purposes. JRF) (also 51105) Origin, CA; Race, MxG; Flowering group, B (Lahav & Gazit)
POPOCATEPETL(Guat.) Introduced 1912 by West India Gardens, Altadena, CA from Atlixco, Mex. Fruit color, purple; weight, 20 ozs.; shape, oval to pyriform; skin, thick. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
POWERS(Guat.) Regist. 1936 Originated 1927 at Carlsbad, CA from Dutton seed, at place of L.C. Alles. Fruit season June-Nov.; color, green; weight, 12 1/2 ozs.; shape, pyriform; skin, rough; flavor, good minus; oil, 21.1%. Seed, medium, 2 1/4 ozs. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
PRATT(Guat. x W.I.) Hawaii Originated 1928 as seedling of Case in Hawaii. Fruit color, purple; weight, 24 ozs.; shape, pyriform; flavor, good. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
PREMIER(Guat.) Originated as a Challenge seedling on place of A.R. Rideout, Whittier, CA. A vigorous erect grower. Fruit season, May-Aug.; color, green; weight, 12-20 ozs.; shape, spherical to oval; skin, medium thick, rough; flavor, variable; oil, 10%. Seed, large. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
PRESIDENTE(Guat.) Originated about 1901, seed planted by Juan Murrieta at 765 College St., Los Angeles. Fruit season, June; color, green; weight, 14-18 ozs.; shape, oblong, pyriform. Seed, medium. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
PRESTON(W.I.) Hawaii Originated 1900 at Honolulu. Fruit season, Aug.-Oct.; color, claret; weight, a 1/2-3 lbs.; shape, oblate, spherical; skin, rough. Seed, small. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
PRINCE(Guat.) Originated on E.W. Dickey place, head of La Brea Ave., Hollywood, CA. Fruit season, Aug.-Oct.; color, green; weight, 14-20 ozs.; shape, pyriform; skin, coarse, thick; oil, 15%. Seed, medium. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
PRINCEHOUSE(Guat.) Regist. 1932 Originated 1927 at Long Beach, CA at home of M.A. Princehouse. Fruit season, Jan.-Feb.; color, green; weight, 17 1/2 ozs.; shape, pyriform; skin, thin, rough; flavor, fair plus; oil, 18.9%. Seed, small, 2 ozs. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
PRINCEPECan be found at South Coast Field Station, Irvine, CA. field 46. (J.R. Frink 1998)
PRINCESS(Guat.) Originated on place of A.R. Rideout, Whittier, CA as seedling of Prince x Dickey. The tree is weak & not a good producer. Fruit season, Apr.-July; color, green; weight, 12-18 ozs.; shape, pyriform; skin, pebbled, medium, thick; flavor, good; oil, 15%. Seed, medium. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
PROGRESO LATEFlowering group, B (Lahav & Gazit)
PRONTO(Mex.) Originated at Villa Park, CA. Fruit weight, 5-7 ozs. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
PUEBLA(Mex.) Introd.1911 as No.13 by Carl Schmidt for West India Gardens, Altadena, CA., from Atlixco, Mex., elevaton 6150 feet. Account of original tree in Annual Rept. Cal. Avo. Soc.1919-20. Fruit season, Nov.-Feb. Color, purple. Wt., 6-16 ozs. Shape, obovoid. Skin, smooth, glossy. Flavor, good. Oil, 19.5%. Seed, med. Illus. An. Rept. Cal. Avo. Soc. 1916. Also Cal. Ag. Ext. Serv. Circ. 43 Revised. Jour. Ag. Research, Vol. 54, No. 9. Shipping quality, fair. (CAS Yearbook 1950) Two trees are growing at the South Coast Research Center, listed as Puebla but there is some question if they are the authentic Puebla, Irvine, CA. (J.R. Frink 2000) Origin, Mex.; Race, Mex.; Flower group A, (Lahav & Gazit)(considered pure Mex. but some suggest may be a Mex.x Guat. hybrid; was found in 1911 at Atlixco near where Fuchs originated). Of Med. size; skin smooth, purple; flesh of good flavor; oil content nearly 20% seed med.-lg. Season: Sept.& Oct. in FL; early to mid-winter in cool regions of CA. Tree does not set fruit regularly in CA. or Is & therefore is seldom planted now. Has been recommended for home gardens in Central FL because of hardiness. (J.Morton 1987)
PUERTO RICO R.A.1R.A. 1 Origin, Puerto Rico; Flowering group, A (Lahav & Gazit)
PUERTO RICO R.A.8R.A. 8 Origin, Puerto Rico; Flowering group, B (Lahav & Gazit)
PURDY(Mex.) Originated before 1916 at Whittier, CA. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
PURPLE BEAUTY(Mex.) Listed in a California Nursery Catalogue 1914. Fruit season, Nov.-Dec.; color, purple; shape, pyriform. Seed, small. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
PURPLE PROLIFIC(Guat.) Originated on the C.P. Taft place, Orange, CA. Fruit color, purple; weight, 8 ozs.; shape, oblique, pyriform necked; skin, rough. Seed large. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
QUAKER(Guat.) Originated 1911 on the C.H. Hamburg place, Whittier, CA. Fruit season, Aug.-Oct.; color, green; weight, 16-24 ozs.; shape, obovoid; skin, rough. Seed, medium. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
QUALITYFlorida Fruit season, Sept.; color, green; size, large; shape, pyriform; skin, smooth, Seed, medium. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
QUEEN(Guat.)Introduced 1914 by E.E.Knight of Yorba Linda, CA, from near Antigua, Guat. Parent tree had 80 foot spread. Fruit season, July-Aug.; color, dull purple; weight, 20-30 ozs.; shape, pyriform; skin, rough, medium thick; flavor fine; oil, 13.5%. Seed, small.Illus. in CA. Avo. Soc. Yearbook 1927, & Cal. Ag. Exp. Sta. Circ. 43. Shipping quality good. Fruit too large except for special markets. (CAS Yearbook 1950) Grafted onto large rootstock at South Coast Research Station, Irvine, CA. field 44, row 10, tree 19, spring of 97. (Wood from Atkins nursery, grafted by Shaefer & Brown.) I've been told that Queen fruit make good Christmas gifts so they must hang through Dec. B flower type. (J.R. Frink 1998) Origin, Guat.; Race, Guat.; Flowering group, B (Lahav & Gazit)
QUERETARO(Mex.) Introduced 1911 by Carl Schmidt for West India Gardens, Altadena, CA, from Canyada, Mex. Fruit season, Oct.-Dec.; color, purplish black; weight 6-10 ozs.; shape, oblong; skin, rough. Seed, medium. a poor market fruit. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
RADER(W.I.) Florida Originated before 1914 with Dr. Rader at Miami, Fl. Fruit season, Aug.-Sept.; color, green; weight, 3 1/2-5 lbs.; shape, pyriform; flavor, excellent. Seed, medium. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
RAINEY(Mex.) Originated as seedling of White on place of Mr. Rainey at Santa Barbara, CA, propagated 1912. Fruit weight, 4-6 ozs.; shape, slender, pyriform necked. Seed, medium. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
RAMEY
RAYMOND(Guat.) Regist. 1945 Originated at Henry Bray grove, Encinitas, CA. Fruit season, May-Sept.; color, green; weight, 11 ozs.; shape, ovoid; skin, smooth, thick, peels; flavor, fair minus; oil, 10.60% June 20. Seed, 2 1/2 ozs. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
REASONER(W.I.) Florida A Florida variety. (CAS Yearbook 1950) Origin, FL; Race, WI; Flowering group, A (Lahav & Gazit)
RED LABLE 104104 Red Lable (for alphabetising this was reversed in cultivar list) (JRF) Origin, CA; Race, Guat.; Flowering group, B (Lahav & Gazit)
REDO(W.I.) Introduced 1918 by A. Redo of Los Angeles from Sinaloa, Mex. to Tustin, CA. Fruit season, Nov.-Jan.; color, green shading to purple; weight, 12-24 ozs.; shape, pyriform; skin, smooth. Seed. medium. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
REDONDO(Guat.) Introduced 1911 by Carl Schmidt for West India Gardens, Altadena, CA from Atlixco, Mex. Fruit color, green; weight, 12 ozs.; shape, spherical; skin, rough. Seed, small. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
REEDOrig.Carlsbad,CA, by James S. Reed. introd.1960. Plant patent1967;16 Aug. 1960. Chance seedling;hybrid type;planted in1948.Fruit:small, averaging about3"long & 8-10 oz; ripens in April; flesh smooth, firm, buttery, with oil content averaging 18.9%-20%;may remain on tree for a relatively long time after reaching maturity;skin med.smooth,med.green when mature,thick,peels easily;ships well; keeps well; resembles a small Nabal. Tree: slender, withstands frost to 28F; resistant to salt burn &sun-blotch.Still of minor commercial importance in CA.(B&O Register) Regist.1953(CAS Yearbook1956)Tree upright, round, green, fruit 17-26 oz, excellent buttery flavor, best after Labor Day! Harvest Aug.-Dec. at South Coast Research Station, Irvine,CA (J.R.Frink 1998) Origin, CA; Race, Guat.; Flower,A (Lahav & Gazit)(originated about1948 on Reed property in Carlsbad, CA,as a seedling,possibly of a AnaheimXNabal hybrid;patented in 1960; patent now expired); round;med.-lg.8-18oz(227-510g);skin slightly rough,med. thick,pliable;flesh cream-colored with rich,faintly nutty flavor;doesn't darken when cut;rated as excellent quality;seed sm.-med.,tight;coat adheres to seed. Season;July-Oct.in CA;lateFeb.-Apr.in New Zealand where it is one of the most promising cultivars.Tree erect,can be spaced 1x15ft(4.6x4.6m);bears early& regularly;about as cold-sensitive as Hass.In 1984,about 1,000acres(405ha)in CA.(J.Morton 1987)
REGAL(Hybrid) 8-16 ozs, average 11-14 ozs, ripening time, May - Dec. Skin is thin, of medium texture, green, green/black or black hard & black when soft, seed; medium large to medium small, attractive flesh, fine flavored, oval shape with stem off to the side. May be found at South Coast Research Station, Irvine, CA. (J.R. Frink 1998)
REGINA(Hybrid) Regist. 1944 Originated by V.L. Gerardi at 128 No. Gramercy Place, Los Angeles. Heavy alternate bearer. Fruit season, Feb.-Mar.; color, green; weight, 5 1/4 ozs.; shape, pyriform; skin, med. thick; oil, 23.25%. Seed, 1/4 oz. (CAS Yearbook 1950) Orig. in Los Angeles, Calif., by V.L. Gerardi. Introd. in 1948. Chance seedling; discovered in 1944. Fruit: small, averaging 5 oz; pyriform; skin green, tendency to develop corky spots; flavor good; oil content high; seed small; season Feb. & Mar.; resembles Lodge. Tree: alternate bearer; adapted only to coastal regions. Not propagated commercially. (B&O Register) Origin, CA; Race, Guat.; Flowering group, (A) B (Lahav & Gazit)
REIF(Nos. 1, 2) Flowering group, A (Lahav & Gazit)
REINECKE(Guat.) Regist. 1942 Originated at 6500 Springfield St., San Diego, CA. Fruit; season, June.-Aug.; color, green; weight, 11 ozs.; shape, pyriform; skin, thick & smooth; flavor, good minus; fiber, some; oil, 25.5%. (CAS Yearbook 1950) Origin, CA; Race, Guat.; Flowering group, A (Lahav & Gazit)
RENNIE(Guat.) Regist. 1941 Originated at Santa Barbara by Buell Hammett from Lyon seed planted in 1935. Fruit: season, July-Oct.; color, green; weight, 12-14 ozs.; shape, oval; skin, thick, pebbled; flavor, good plus; oil, 20.10%. Keeps a long time. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
REY(Guat.) Introduced 1914 by E.E. Knight. Yorba Linda, CA. from Guat. Fruit: season, Apr.-Nov.; color, green; weight, 16 ozs.; shape, spherical; skin, rough. Seed, medium. (CAS Yearbook 1950) Origin, Guat.; Race, Guat.; Flowering group, B (Lahav & Gazit)
REY TACAMBAOrigin, Mex.; Race, Mex.; Flowering group, B (Lahav & Gazit)
RHOAD(Guat.) Originated 1900 on C.P. Taft place, Orange. CA. Fruit: season, Apr.-June; color, green; weight, 12 ozs.; shape, rough. Seed, large. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
RICHARDSONFlorida A Florida variety. (CAS Yearbook 1950) Origin, FL; Flowering group, A (Lahav & Gazit)
RICHTER(Guat.) Regist. 1949 Tree: registered by H.L. Gillespie: location, 826 N. Ave. 65, Los Angeles, CA; planted 1911; production, 800 fruits annually since 1930; resistance to frost, hardy; growth, 45 feet tall, 1949, truck divided 6 ft. from ground. Fruit: season, Apr.-Aug.; color, green; weight, 7 3/4 ozs.; shape, pyriform; skin, medium thick, smooth, peels from flesh; flavor, fair plus; oil, 13.5% June 18. Seed, 2 ozs. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
RICO(W.I.) P.I. 13731 Florida Presented 1905 to U.S. Pl. Introduction Garden, Miami, FL by Geo. B. Cellon. Fruit: season, Aug.-Nov.; color, green; weight, 32 ozs.; shape, oblong; skin, rough. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
RINCONOrig. in Carlsbad, CA by Sam Thompson. Introd.1948. Chance seedling; discovered before 1945.Fruit:pyriform;6-10 oz;seed 1-1.50 oz;skin thickness med., smooth, leathery, peels well; flesh fine; oil content med.; flavor rich; season Jan.-April; resembles Fuerte. Tree: med.-small; weak grower; consistent & heavy bearer; minor commercial variety in coastal areas. (B&O Register) Originated by Sam Thompson at Carlsbad, CA. Propagated by Stanley Shepard at Carpinteria, CA. Tree, speading, very precocious relative to bearing, somewhat alternating, but a very good producer. Fruit season, Mar.-May. Color, green (darker than Fuerte). Weight, 8.50 ozs. Shape, pyriform. Skin, smooth, leathery, peels. Flavor, rich. Oil, 16.18%, Mar. 30th. Seed, 1.50 ozs. Registered 1945. (CAS Yearbook 1956) Parent of Pinkerton, two trees are growing at South Coast Research Station, Irvine, CA, field 44, row 11, trees, 13&14. Still sold in nurseries in No. Chile. (J.R. Frink 1998) Origin, CA; Race, MxG?; Flower, A (Lahav & Gazit)(originated at Carpinteria, CA); pear-shaped; sm.-med.; skin fairly thin, smooth, leathery; flesh buttery, contains 15-26.5% oil; fibers in flesh near base turn black when fruit is cut; seed of med. size. Season: Mar. & Apr. in Queensland, where it is rated as of poor quality. It is one of the 6 leading cultivars in CA. Tree has a low spreading habit. (J.Morton 1987)
RIO FRIOCan be found at South Coast Field Station, Irvine, CA. field 46. (J.R. Frink 1998)
RITA(Guat.) Originated 1902 on C.P. Taft place, Orange, CA. Fruit: season, May-July; color, green; weight, 8-14 ozs.; shape, pyriform; skin, rough. Seed, medium. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
RIVER(W.I.) Trinidad Originated on the River Estate, Trinidad. Fruit: weight, 28 ozs.; shape, pyriform. Seed, large, 14.7% of total. Illus. & desc. in Bul. of Dept. of Agr. Trinidad & Tobago 1918 & 1919. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
ROBERTS(Mex.) Originated near Azusa, CA.
ROBERT'S SEEDLINGRace, WI?; Flowering group B (Lahav & Gazit)
ROBINSON(W.I.) Hawaii Originated at Honolulu. Fruit: season, summer; color, brown to purple; weight, 16 ozs.; shape, pyriform; skin, smooth, ridged. Seed, medium. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
ROCKRegistered 1947 (CAS Yearbook 1956)
ROCKWOOD(Hybrid) Originated in the orchard of Manuel Garcia, Duarte, CA. A precocious & consistent producer. Fruit: season, Jan.-July; color, purple; weight, 8-12 ozs.; shape, elongated, irregular; skin, thin, smooth; oil, high. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
RODOLPH(Mex.) Originated about 1906 as a seedling of Chappelow on R.D. Fish place, Monrovia, CA. Fruit: season, Aug.-Nov.; color, purple; weight, 5-8 ozs.; shape, pyriform, long neck. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
RODRIGUEZFlowering group A (Lahav & Gazit)
ROLAND 2-2Flowering group, A (Lahav & Gazit)
ROLFS(=Winslowson) Origin, FL; Race, GxWI; Flowering group, B (Lahav & Gazit)
ROMAINRace, WI; Flowering group, A (Lahav & Gazit)
ROME(=S.P.I. 34831) Flowering group, B (Lahav & Gazit)
ROOP(W.I.) P.I. 32426 Florida Originated before 1912 at Musa Isle Grove, Miami, FL. Fruit: season, Dec.-Jan.; color, green; shape, obliquely pyriform. Seed, large. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
ROSARegistered 1951 (CAS Yearbook 1956)
ROSH HANIKRA IIRosh Hanikra II Origin, ISR; Race, Mex.; Flowering group, A (Lahav & Gazit)
ROSH HANIKRA IIIRosh Hanikra (III, IV) Origin ISR; Race, Mex.; Flowering group, B (Lahav & Gazit)
ROTUND(Guat. x Mex.) Originated by A.R. Rideout at Whittier, CA as seedling of Lyon x Ganter. Said to be a heavy bearer. Fruit: season, Oct.-Nov.; color, green; weight, 6-8 ozs.; shape, spherical; skin, smooth; flavor, good. Seed, large. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
ROUTHOrig. in San Gabriel, Calif., by Herbert L. Gillespie. Introd. in 1953. Plant patent 1208; 4 Aug. 1953. Parentage unknown; Guatemalan type; seed planted in 1942; first fruited in 1948. Fruit: matures over a long period, making for market flexibility; skin bright green, medium smooth surface; pyriform in coastal areas to slightly necked inland; 5.5-8.5 oz. Tree: conpact; flowering & fruit set prolonged through several months. Not propagated commercially. (B&O Register)
ROY(Guat.) Hawaii Originated 1926 in HA. Fruit: season, latefall; color, purple; weight, 30 ozs.; oil, 27%. (CAS Yearbook 1950) Orig. in Kainaliu, HI, on the property of T.C. White by W.T. Pope, Hawaii Agr. Expt. Sta., Honolulu. Introd. in 1926. Macdonald x an unidentified West Indian variety. Fruit: Guat. type; flavor nutty, good; oil content 27%; average weight 30 oz; skin deep purple; matures in late fall. No longer propagated. (B&O Register)
ROYAL(Guat.) Originated 1898 at J.H. Walker place, 1547 Las Palmas Ave., Hollywood, CA. Fruit: season, Feb.-June; color, purple; weight, 14-20 ozs.; shape, obovoid; skin, rough. Seed, medium. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
ROYAL PURPLEFormerly grown in San Diego, CA. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
RUDDERTrinidad Mentioned in 1934 Rept. Agr. Dept. of Antigua, British West Indies as buds from Trinidad. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
RUE(Guat.) Regist. 1944 Originated on Alta Vista Ave., Vista, CA. Fruit: season, July-Sept.; color, green; weight, 13 ozs.; shape, pyriform; skin, smooth, thick, peels; quality, good; oil, 18.24%; keeps well. Seed, 2 ozs. (CAS Yearbook 1950) Origin, CA; Race, Guat.; Flowering group, A (Lahav & Gazit)
RUEHLEOrig. Homestead,FL at the FL. Subtropical Expt. Sta. & described by John Popenoe of this station. Introd. in 1963. Open-pollinated seedling of Waldin; seed planted in 1933;first propagated in1946;West Ind.type; tested as FL27-1.Fruit: averages about 15 oz, ranging from 10-20 oz; pear-shaped; skin bright green, fairly thin; flesh yellow with a thin greenish layer next to skin;flavor good; oil content low, from 2%-5%;seed relatively small, averaging 12% of fruit by weight;ripens with Pollock,about the last week of July, with acceptable fruit on tree through Sept.; fairly resistant to avocado scab,Cercospora spot, &anthracnose.Tree: production very heavy; growth habit more erect than Waldin, more spreading with a better shape than Lula; blooms early, flower type "A"; in home gardens, satisfactory crops produced without cross-pollination; lacks hardiness. Named in memory of George D. Ruehle(1898-1962), director of the station for 18 yrs. Not propagated commercially.(B&O Register)Origin,FL;Race,WI;Flower group,A(B)(Lahav & Gazit) (a seedling of Waldin planted at the Ag. Research & Educ. Center, Homestead, in 1923; first propagated 1946); pear-shaped; of med. size, 10-20oz (280-560g); flesh low in oil (2-5%). Season begins in July in FL; Jan. in Queensland. Heavy bearer in FL (J Morton)
RUF(Guat.) Originated at Baldwin Park, CA. Fruit: season, summer; color, purplish black; weight, 14 ozs.; shape, pyriform; skin, smooth. Seed, medium. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
RUSSELL(W.I.)FL Originated Islamorado,FL from seed of fruit brought from Cuba by John Russel & planted near his home about1880. Top-worked by Harvey Fitzpatrick, Homestead, FL in 1935, shortly before parent tree was destroyed by a hurricane. Fruit: season, Aug.-Sept.; color, green; weight, 24-36 ozs.; shape, clavate; skin, smooth, leathery. Seed, med. Sometimes solid neck of flesh 5-6" long.(CAS Yearbook 1950) Orig. in Islamorado, FL by John Russell. Introd. in 1935. Seedling of West Ind. type from seed of fruit brought from Cuba about 1880. Fruit: large, 24-36 oz; often 12"long; clavate; skin green, smooth, leathery; flesh yellow; seed size med.; cavity low in the broad end of fruit, often a solid neck of flesh 5-6"long;season Aug.&Sept.Tree: vigorous; moderately productive. Flower group A. Not propagated commercially.(B&O Register) Origin, CA; Race, WI; Flower, A (Lahav & Gazit) (originated in Islamorada in FL Keys); pear-shaped at apex with long neck giving it a total length up to 13"(32.5cm); skin, smooth, glossy, thin, leathery; flesh of excellent quality; seed small. Season: Aug.&Sept.Tree bears well & is recommended for home gardens. (J Morton)
RUSTERHOLZOrig. in Whittier, CA by Katherine Lillian Rusterholz. Introd. in 1950. Plant patent 969; 25 July 1950. Parentage unknown; probably a seedling of Lyon; Guat. type discovered in 1925. Fruit: medium to large, 4-5" long, 8-16 oz; oval to pyriform; skin purple, thin, pliant; seed size medium, tight to flesh; flesh smooth, creamy, light green, no fiber; season late Nov. to Jan.; resembles Lyon. Tree: upright; some frost resistance. Not propagated commercially. (B&O Register)
RUTH(Guat.) Regist. 1932 Originated about 1924 at Long Beach, CA at home of J.H. Kalla, probably from Dickinson seed. Fruit: season, June-Nov.; color, purple; weight, 11 ozs.; shape, pyriform; skin, slightly rough, also thick; flavor, good; oil, 12.4%. Seed, 2 1/4 ozs. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
RYAN(Guat. x Mex.) Syn. Summer Fuerte Found about 1927, probably seedling of Amigo, on A.R. Rideout Ranch, at Whittier, CA by Edward R. Ryan. Tree easy to propagate, a vigorous grower but rather an erratic bearer. Fruit: season, May-Sept.; color, green; wt,10-14 ozs.;shape, pyriform;skin, leathery, slightly rough; flavor, good; oil,25%.Seed,lg.(CAS Yearbook 1950) Orig.in Whittier,CA by A.R. Rideout. Introd. in 1936. Hybrid between Guat. & Mex. types; possibly an open-pollinated seedling of Amigo. Fruit: pyriform;10-14 oz;skin green, slightly rough, leathery; seed lg.; quality fair to good;oil content high; season May-Sept.Tree: vigorous; propagates readily; suitable for planting in inland areas of CA. No longer propagated commercially. (B&O Register) Illustrated 1937:44. (CAS Yearbook 1956) Origin, CA; Race, GxM; Flower group, B (Lahav & Gazit)(perhaps seedling of Amigo found in 1927 at Whittier,CA); pear-shaped; of med. size, 8-12oz (226-340g); skin med.-rough; flesh of fair quality; seed rather lg. Season: may-Sept. in CA; July -Oct. in Queensland. Tree lg. & bears regularly but not as heavily as Fuerte or Hass in Queensland. Important in Chile. (J.Morton 1987)
S.P.I. 34831(=Rome) Flowering group, B (Lahav & Gazit)
SAAR IOrigin, ISR; Flowering group; B (Lahav & Gazit)
SABROSO(Hybrid) Regist. 1934 Originated 1929 at Fallbrook, CA as a 2 year old seedling on place of W.L.Truitt. Name in Spanish meaning savory. Fruit: season, Dec.- April; color, green; weight, 6-8 ozs.; shape, pyriform; skin, smooth; flavor, good minus; oil, 22.5%. Seed, 1 1/2 ozs. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
SAMOAN(W.I.) Hawaii Taken to Honolulu from Samoa by Mr. Ehrhorn. Fruit: season, summer; color, green; weight, 17 ozs.; shape, pyriform; skin, smooth to undulating; flavor, good. Seed, medium. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
SAN JAVIER(Nos. 1, 8) Origin, Spain; Race, WIxG; Flowering group, B (Lahav & Gazit)
SAN JUAQUINOrigin, Spain; Race, WIxG; Flowering group, B (Lahav & Gazit)
SAN MIGUELSan Miguel is a high quality fall bearing avocado. The fruits are pyriform shaped and purple when mature. Type A flower. (Frankie's Nursery, Waimanalo, Hawaii,1999)
SAN RAFAEL(Mex.) Originated on place of Dr. Carruthers, 375 San Rafael Hts., Pasadena, CA. Fruit: season, early; color, green; size, large. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
SAN SEBASTIAN(Mex.) Introduced 1911 by Carl Schmidt for West India Gardens, Altadena, CA from San Sebastian, Mex. Fruit: season, Oct.- Dec.; color, black; weight, 12-16 ozs.; shape, oval. Seed, medium. (CAS Yearbook 1950)Origin, Mex.; Race, Mex.; Flowering group, B (Lahav & Gazit)
SANTA ANAThe Santa Ana was growing in the Historical collection at the South Coast Research and Extension Center at Irvine, California but was removed in the 1980s because it was of low quality and not considered worth keeping. (J.R. Frink)
SANTA ANNA(W.I.) Cuba Originated near Santiago de las Vegas, Cuba, propagated 1916. Fruit: season, Oct.- Dec.; color, green; weight, 30-38 ozs.; shape, pyriform. Seed, small. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
SANTANAOrigin, CA; Race, Mex.; Flowering group, B (Lahav & Gazit)
SARTINIFlowering group, A (Lahav & Gazit)
SATO T-53Origin, HI; Flowering group, a (Lahav & Gazit)
SCHAFFRace, WIxG; Flowering group A (Lahav & Gazit)
SCHEDIANA 154Flowering group, B (Lahav & Gazit)
SCHMIDT(Guat.) Introd.1922 by Carl Schmidt for West India Gardens, Altadena, CA from Atlixco,Mex. Fruit:season, July-Oct.;color, green; weight,16-24 ozs.; shape, pyriform; skin, rough.Seed, med.(CAS Yearbook 1950)Orig. in Mex. & imported as budwood in 1911 by Carl Schmidt for the West India Gardens, Altadena, CA Introd. in FL in 1922. Parentage unknown; Guat.type. Fruit: med. to lg.,16-26 oz; pyriform; skin rough, pebbled, dark green; flesh light yellow; good flavor; oil content med.;seed size med., adheres tightly; season 1 Feb.-1 Apr.;does not store well;easily injured by frost.Tree:weak grower;poor bearer. No longer propagated. (B&O Register) Origin, Mex.; Race, Guat.;Flower group, B (Lahav & Gazit)(budwood intro.into CA1911; propagated in FL in 1922); pear-shaped; med.-lg.;skin rough; flesh pale-yellow,12-16%oil; seed of med.size,tight.Season:very late (Feb&Mar.). The tree is a poor bearer&cold-sensitive&the fruit of poor keeping quality. (J.Morton 1987)
SCHNEIDER ACan be found at South Coast Field Station, Irvine, CA. field 46. (J.R. Frink 1998)
SCHNEIDER BCan be found at South Coast Field Station, Irvine, CA. field 46. (J.R. Frink 1998)
SCOTLANDOrigin, ISR; Race, MxG; Flowering group, B (Lahav & Gazit)
SCOTTOrig. in Santa Ana, CA, by Charles C. Scott. Introd. in 1959. Plant patent 1815; 3 Mar. 1959. Apparently a seedling of the Mexican avocado (Persea drymifolia); discovered in 1952. A rootstock clone: vigorous; tolerant to sodium bicarbonate & sodium chloride; apparently resistant to lime induced chlorosis; cuttings root easily. Not propagated commercially. (B&O Register)
SEEDLESSP.I. 14889 Received 1905 by USDA from Mexico City. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
SEEDLESS BUTTERP.I. 14890 Received 1905 by USDA from Mexico City. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
SELLA (Guat.) Regist. 1934 Originated 1928 at Oceansice, CA on place of L.C. Alles, of Carlsbad, CA, probably from Dickinson seed. Fruit: season, Sept.-Nov.; color, green; weight, 12 ozs.; shape, oval; flavor, good; oil, 20.1%. Seed, large, 3 ozs. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
SEMIL A(A added for alphabetizing purposes) (JRF) (Nos. 23, 31, 34, 42, 44) Origin, Puerto Rico; Race, GxWI; Flowering group, A (Lahav & Gazit)
SEMIL BSemil (B added for alphabetizing purposes) (Nos 37, 43, 45-47) Origin, Puerto Rico; Race, GxWI; Flowering group, B (Lahav & Gazit)
SENOR(Guat.) Originated 1901 on C.P. Taft place, Orange, CA. Fruit: season, May-July; color, green; weight, 14-20 ozs.; shape, obovoid; skin, glossy, slightly rough. Seed, large. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
SEXTON FLORIDA(of Florida) Florida Syn. of Waldo (CAS Yearbook 1950)
SEXTON HAWAII(of Hawaii) (Mex.) Hawaii Received at Honolulu 1917 from Joseph Sexton of Goleta, CA, as unnamed budwood. Fruit: season, late summer & fall; color, greenish; weight, 10-14 ozs.; shape, oval-oblong; skin, rough; flavor, fair. (CAS Yearbook 1950)Origin, HI; Race, Mex.; Flowering group, B (Lahav & Gazit)
SEYDE(W.I.) Hawaii Originated about 1917 at Honolulu. Fruit: season, summer; color, purple; weight, 16 ozs.; shape, oval; skin, smooth. Seed, small. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
SHAFER(Mex.) Regist. 1932 Originated 1928 at Vista, CA from a seedling from A.R. Rideout on place of E.R. Mullen. Fruit: season, Dec.-March; color, green; weight, 11 ozs.; shape, oval; flavor, good plus; oil, 16.8%. Seed, large, 3 3/4 ozs. (CAS Yarbook 1950)
SHARPLESSOrig.1901 on B.H. Sharpless place near Tustin, CA as seedling from C.P. Taft planted by T. Gockley, propagated 1913. Parent tree desc.in An. Rept. 1917. Fruit: season, June-Nov.; color, purple; weight, 16-24 ozs.; shape, pyriform; skin, med. thick, slightly rough;flavor, good; oil,16%.Seed, med.Illus. An. Rept. Cal. Avo. Soc. 1916. Parent tree desc. An. Rept. Cal. Avo Soc.1917. A good market fruit but lg. (CAS Yearbook 1950)Origin, CA; Race, Guat.;Flower group,A (Lahav & Gazit) (orig. in CA;propagated in 1913);slender-pear-shaped,sometimes with long neck;lg.to very lg.; skin slightly rough,greenish-purple to dark-purple with many yellowish dots,thick,granular;flesh of superior quality & flavor; seed sm.,tight.Very late (Oct.-Feb.)in CA.(J.Morton 1987)
SHARWELLFlowering group, A (Lahav & Gazit)
SHARWILOrig in Redland Bay,Queensland, Austr. by Frank V. Sharpe of Clayfield, Brisbane. Introd. there in 1954; now grown in three stages in AUS, in Spain,&in the U.S. in FL & CA. Chance seedling;selected 1951. Fruit 7-13 oz; somewhat more ovoid than Fuerte; skin green, thickness med.; seed sm., market quality excellent; season Aug.- Nov. in AUS.(Fuerte's season there is April-July); resembles Fuerte. Tree: hardy; growth dwarf; produces crops regularly; flower group A. (B&O Register) Some commercial activity in HI. Similar to Edranol but thicker skin & greener flesh near skin. Excellent flavor. Fruit is good nearly year round beginning March. 5 trees are med. sm. at South Coast Research Station, Irvine, CA. field 44, row 9, trees 7-11. (J.R. Frink 1998) Sharwil Origin, AUS.; Race, Guat.; Flower group, B (Lahav & Gazit)(originated in AUS);similar to Fuerte in shape but a little more oval; of med. size; skin rather rough, fairly thin; flesh rich in flavor, of high quality;15-26%oil. Season: May & June in New South Wales & Queensland. Tree bears regularly but not heavily. Represents 18-20% of all avocados in New South Wales & Queensland. Disease-free during ripening. (J.Morton 1987) Sharwil is a winter-spring bearing variety originally from Australia that has been well accepted by home gardeners and commercial growers in Kona. It is being marketed as a gourmet avocado because of its rich nutty flavor. Fruits are green skinned when mature. Type B flower.(Frankie's Nursery, Waimanalo, Hawaii,1999)
SHELDONOriginated Ventura County, CA. Fruit: flavor, good; oil, 14.60% (over ripe when tested.) (CAS Yearbook 1950)
SHEPARDOrig. in Carpinteria, CA, by Stanley L. Shepard. Introd. in 1958. Open- pollinated seedling of Edranol; Guat. type; selected in 1952. Fruit: small to medium, 7.50 oz; pyriform; skin green, thick, peels easily; appearance very good; quality high; flavor excellent; oil content medium; keeping quality good; apparently frost resistant; resembles Edranol. Tree: spreading; heavy producer. Not propagated commercially.( B&O Register) Registered by Stanley L. Shepard, Shepard Mesa, Carpinteria, CA, Mar. 9, 1956. Tree age 7 1/2 yr.Spreading growth. Yield, 1955, 3 boxes; about 120 lbs. Hardiness to cold unknown. Season: Oct.-Dec.; Color: green; Weight: 7 1/2 oz.; Shape: pyriform; Skin: thickness med., peels from flesh; Flavor: excellent; Oil content: 13.8%; keeping quality: good. (CAS Yearbook 1956)
SHERMANSyn. of Habersham (CAS Yearbook 1950)
SHILLER 1Origin, ISR; Race, Mex.; Flowering group, B (Lahav & Gazit)
SHIPMAN(W.I.) Hawaii Originated at Hilo, HI, from seed from FL. Fruit: season, Oct. - Nov.; color, green; weight, 19-20 ozs.; shape, pyriform; skin, smooth; flavor, fair. Seed, small. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
SHOMRATOrigin ISR; Race, Guat.; Flowering group, B (Lahav & Gazit)
SILLIMAN (Guat.) Regist. 1952 Origin unknown. Planted in 1930. TREE: Large, spreading, upright; production in 4th to 5th year; moderate to good crops; fairly hardy. FRUIT: Season: April, May, & June; Color: bright green; Weight: 7 1/2 ozs.; Shape: pear; Skin: medium smooth; Flavor: good plus; Oil: 17.15%; Keeping Quality: good; Seed:1 oz. (CAS Yearbook1952)Orig. in LaHabra, CA, on the Stillman place. Introd. about 1945. Chance seedling planted about1930; Mex.xGuat. hybrid type; selected about 1938; propagated by Walter Beck, LaHabra. Fruit: 4-8 oz; pyriform; skin green, leathery, corky; flavor good; seed size med.;season Mar.-June. Tree: large; spreading; upright; central-leader type; not a consistent producer; more susceptible to frost than Fuerte. Not propagated commercially.(B&O Register)
SILVA(W.I.) Hawaii Originated at Honolulu. Fruit: color, greenish yellow; weight 12-18 ozs.; shape, ovoid to oval; skin, smooth; flavor, fair. Seed, small. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
SIMMONDS(W.I.) P.I. 36270 FL Orig. 1908 at USDA, WN, D.C. from seed of Pollock from FL, seedling sent1913 to U.S. Pl.Intro. Gardens,Miami, FL. Distributed 1917,commer- cial propagations 1921.Fruit:season, July-Sept.; color, green; weight,18-34 ozs.; shape, pyriform;skin, smooth; flavor, good; oil,3-6%.Illus.&desc. FL Agr. Exp. Sta. Bul. 272. Has replaced Pollock somewhat.(CAS Yearbook 1950) Orig. WN,D.C., by USDA, probably from a seed of Pollock sent from Miami in 1908. The seedling was sent back to Miami where it grew to maturity & was distributed, without a name, in 1916-17. It was propagated commercially in 1921&was named in 1923. West Ind. type. Fruit:oblong-oval to pyriform, large,18-24 oz; skin smooth, light to yellowish green, flesh rich yellow, green near the skin, of very good quality; oil content3%-6%; midseason, ripening 15 July-15 Sept.Tree:compact, spreading growth less vigorous than Pollock, & more regular in bearing. Flowering type A; major commercial cultivar in FL. (B&O Register) Origin, FL; Race, WI; Flower, A (Lahav & Gazit)(possibly from a seed of Pollock, first fruited in Miami 1913; propagated commercially 1921);oblong-oval to pear-shaped; large; skin smooth, light-green;flesh of good flavor,3-6%oil;seed of med. size, usually tight. Season: mid-July to mid-Sept.Tree bears more regularly than Pollock but is less vigorous; sometimes sheds many of its fruits; no longer planted commercially in FL.(J.Morton)
SIMPSON(of FL)Orig. as root sprout in Robt.Simpson grove near Richmond, FL. Apparently heavy bearing & fruit well distributed. Fruit: season, Nov.-Jan.; color, green; wt, 16-32 ozs.;shape,obovoid-elliptical;skin, med.thick; oil,10.14%.Seed, med. (CAS Yearbook 1950) Orig. Richmond,FL, by Robert Simpson. Introd.1933. Parentage unknown (considered to be a West Ind. x Guat. hybrid); selected in 1925. Fruit: lg.; obovate; skin light green, smooth; season Nov.-Dec. Tree: flower group B; good crops produced consistently; minor commercial cultivar in FL. (B&O Register) Origin, FL; Race, WIxG; Flower group, B (Lahav & Gazit) (a sprout of Collinson; fruited in FL in 1925); obovate-elliptical; rather lg.; skin slightly rough & thick but not brittle; flesh pale, 10-14% oil; seed med.-lg., tight. Season: late (mid-Nov.& Dec.). The tree is a good bearer. (J.Morton 1987)
SIMPSON ACESyn. of Ace (CAS Yearbook 1950)
SINALOA(Guat.) Introduced from Atlixco, Mex., by West India Gardens as No. 37, in 1911. Fruit: season, Apr.-May; color, green; weight, 24-32 ozs.; shape, oval to pyriform; skin, rough; oil, 16.43%. Seed, medium. Illus. Pomona Jour. Econ. Botany 1911. Marketability, poor. (CAS Yearbook 1950) Origin, Mex; Race, Guat.; Flowering group, A (Lahav & Gazit)
SIR PRIZE(Mex.) originally 4-15-18 in UCR Breeding program. B. flower type, appears to be cold tolerant, black skinned, lop sided oval pear shape, skin is not thick or pebbly. Matures earlier than Hass. (J.R. Frink 1998)
SKINNER(Mex.) Originated at Los Angeles, propagated 1913. Frit: similar to Northrop but smaller. (CAS Yearbook 1950) See Dunedin
SLOAN(Guat.) Regist. 1932 Originated 1927 at Corona del Mar from Fuerte seed, on place of H. Cardoza Sloan. Fruit: season 2nd summer; colar, purple; weight, 31 1/2 ozs.; shape, pyriform; skin, smooth, thin; flavor, fair plus; oil, 22.1%. Seed, small, 3 1/2 ozs. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
SMITH(Mex.) Originated 1906 as budded tree at Santa Ana, CA. Fruit: season, Sept.-Oct.; weight, 3-5 ozs. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
SMITH-CLARK(Guat.) Originated 1903 at Orange, CA. Fruit: season, July-Sept.; color, green; weight, 16-24 ozs.; shape, pyriform; skin, smooth. Marketability, poor. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
SNELL(Mex.) Originated about 1910 at Sierra Madre, CA. A shy bearer. Fruit: season, Oct.-Nov.; color, maroon; weight, 5-7 ozs.; shape, pyriform; flavor, good. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
SNYDERRegistered 1953 (CAS Yearbook 1956)
SOLANO(Guat.) P.I. 39372 Originated about 1907 on Solano Estate, Hollywood, CA, from seed from Atlixco, Mex. Fruit: season, Apr.-July; color, green; shape, obovoid; skin, smooth. Seed, small. Marketability, poor. (CAS Yearbook 1950) Origin, CA; Race, Guat.; Flowering group, A (Lahav & Gazit)(originated in CA;propagated in 1912);obovate to oval; beyond med.-lg.;skin nearly smooth,bright-green with many yellowish dots, med.-thick, granular; flesh greenish near skin,of fair quality;seed small,tight.Season:Mar.-May in CA;Oct.to mid-Nov.or Dec.in FL.A good bearer,but not grown in FL for many yrs. (J.Morton 1987)
SORPRESARegistered 1947 (CAS Yearbook 1956)
SOUTH KONA(W.I.) Hawaii Originated in Hawaii. Fruit: season, summer; color, maroon; weight, 26 ozs.; shape, oval; skin, smooth or slightly undulating; flavor, good. Seed, medium. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
SPINKS(Guat.) Orig.1911 on Bradbury Estate, Duarte, CA, from seed from Mazatlan, Mex., propagated 1915.Fruit:season, Mar.-Sept.;color,purple; weight,10-20 ozs.; shape, obovoid; skin, rough, thick;flavor, good; oil,15%. Seed, large. Marketability, poor. Illus. & analysis, CA Agri.Exper.Sta. Bul.365.(CAS Yearbook 1950)A very old, very large Spinks tree is growning at Huntington Botanical Gardens at San Marino (J.R. Frink 1998) Origin, CA; Race, Guat.; Flower group,A (Lahav & Gazit) (orig. in CA;propagated in 1915);broad-obovate;very large;skin rough,dark-purple, thick, granular,brittle;flesh of very good quality & flavor; seed small,tight. Season: Aug. - Apr.in CA.Formerly grown in central FL. (J.Morton 1987)
ST. ANNSTrinidad Originated as probable W.I. seedling in garden of government botanist, Trinidad. Fruit: color, green; weight, 23 ozs.; shape, pyriform. Seed, 18% of weight of fruit. Illus. & desc. Bul. Dept. of Agr. Trinidad & Tabago 18, 1919. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
ST. CLAIRTrinidad Mentioned in Bulletin Dept. of Agri. Trinidad & Tabago, 1918. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
ST. JOSEPHTrinidad Mentioned in Trinidad Low Temp. Research Sta. Memoir 1, 1935. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
ST. JUSTPuerto Rico Listed as a native variety in Rept. Agr. Exper. Sta. University of Puerto Rico 1934-35. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
ST. PETERSBURG(W.I.) Florida P.I. 26699 Originated before 1907 at St. Petersburg, FL. Fruit: season, Sept.- Oct.; color, yellowish; shape, pyriform, to spherical; skin, thin. Seed: loose. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
STANDEFER(Guat.) Regist. 1934 Originated 1923 at Pico, CA on place of Emma Standefer of Rivera, CA, probably from Lyon seed. Fruit: season, Aug.-Oct.; color, green; weight, 15-18 ozs.; shape, oblong; skin, thick, pebbled; flavor, fair plus; oil, 17.8%. Seed, large, 3 1/2 ozs. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
STEARNSThe second avocado variety registered by the California Rare Fruit growers was registered on 4 July 1977 under the name of 'Stearns' and was found in Baldwin Park in the early 1920s by Alex Stearns who propagated and grew it for many years. The fruit resembles the 'Fuerte' variety very much in appearance and was marketed by him as an "early Fuerte", the quality being as good or better than the Fuerte. Fruits weigh 8 to 14 ounces, have a medium sized seed and mature from October to February. Oil tests have shown the fruit to have 10% oil content on 1 September, 15% on 1 October and 20 to 25% the remainder of the season. The tree is upright-spreading, somewhat similar in shape to the 'Hass' variety. Production is good and regular. It is a fall fruit of high quality that could well produce commercial dividends for growers. The tree is frost tolerant to 26 degrees F. (Avocado Growers Handbook, Frank D. Koch1983)
STEFFANIFlorida Originated 1921 on place of Robt. Glenn, Homestead, FL. Fruit: season, Dec.-Jan.; color, green; weight, 14-24 ozs.; shape, oblate-rounded; skin, glossy, smooth, thick; oil, 8-12%. Seed, large. (CAS Yearbook 1950) Origin, FL; Flowering group, B (Lahav & Gazit)
STELLA
STEPHENS(W.I.) P.I. 26691 Florida Originated before 1905 at Buena Vista, FL. Fruit: season, Dec.-Jan.; color, green; skin, glossy. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
STEPHENS 15Syn. of Fifteen (CAS Yearbook 1950)
STEPHENS CHOICESyn of Choice (CAS Yearbook 1950) (=Choice) Origin, Mex.; Race, Guat.; Flowering group, B (Lahav & Gazit)
STERLING(Probably Guat. x W.I.) P.I. 26697 Florida Originated before 1907 in grove of W.J. Booth, Homestead, FL. Fruit: season, Dec.-Jan.; color, dark bronze; weight, 16-24 ozs.; skin, thick. Seed, medium. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
STEVE(Guat.) Registered 1942 Originated at corner of Springfield & Paradise Sts., San Diego, CA, from Dickinson seed planted 1933. Registered by J.M. Reinecke. Fruit: season, Sept.-Dec.; color, green; weight, 11 1/2 ozs.; flavor, fair minus; oil, 12.14%; excellent appearance & good keeping quality. Seed, 1 1/2 ozs. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
STEWARTOrig.in Mentone,San Bernardino County, CA,on the Stewart Ranch.Introd. in 1956; first propagated for trial at the CA Citrus Res.Center,Riverside, in 1952. Chance seedling possibly of Mexicola;Mex. type. Fruit:medium,6-10 oz; pyriform; skin green, but at maturity a rich dark purple, slightly rough, raised lenticels sparse near base but very numerous at apex,corkiness none to very slight, texture soft- leathery, excellent peeling quality; flesh clear, bright, light yellow shading to green toward skin; firm, but melting; excellent quality; ripens from early Oct. to mid-Dec.; oil content about 8% by first of Oct. to about 16% in mid-Nov. Tree: spreading; strong; vigorous; bears good crops. Commercial cultivar in south Africa. (B&O Register) 2 trees are growing at South Coast Research Station, Irvine, CA., field 44, row 10, trees 13&14. These bear well each year, quite fiberous some years, pretty flesh, tasty, small seed. Our observations show the flowers to be B type which does not agree with data from more expert people than we are. For more information see p.90 CAS Yearbook 1963. (J.R.Frink 1998) Origin, CA; Race, Mex.; Flower, A (Lahav & Gazit)
STOREY(W.I.) Hawaii Originated at Honolulu. Fruit: season, summer; color, green; weight 16-20 ozs.; shape, oval; skin, smooth. Seed, medium. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
STORLARG(W.I.) Hawaii Originated at Honolulu. Fruit: season, summer; color, green with purple tinge; weight, 26 ozs.; shape, pyriform; skin, smooth; flavor, excellent. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
STREAMLINERFlowering group, A (Lahav & Gazit)
STRONG(Hybrid) Regist. 1949 Tree: originated by Mrs. Rose M. Strong, 1531 E. 83rd St., Los Angeles, CA, & located at same address. Registered by Geo. Hirschvogel, 1538 E. 85th St. A Fuerte seed planted about 1935; resistance to frost about same as Fuerte; growth more erect than Fuerte. Fruit: season, Dec.-Mar.; color, green; weight, 6-8 ozs.; shape, oblong; skin, smooth, medium thick, does not peel; flavor, fair; oil, 14% Feb. 3. Seed, 1 1/4 ozs. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
SUARDIAOrigin, FL; Flowering group, B (Lahav & Gazit)
SUAREZ(W.I.) Philippines Originated from seed planted in 1926 at Alaminos, Laguna, Phil. More than 400 trees propagated. Fruit: season, June-July; color, yellow; weight, 17.6 ozs.; shape, pyriform; skin, smooth. Seed, 4 1/2 ozs. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
SUAVE(Hybrid) Regist. 1934 Originated 1930 near Tustin, CA on San Joaquin Fruit & Inv. Co. ranch, probably from Puebla seed. Fruit: season, Jan.-Mar.; color, purple; weight, 5 ozs.; shape, pyriform; flavor, good plus; oil, 19%. Seed, small, 1/2 ozs. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
SUPPLYFlowering group, A (Lahav & Gazit)
SURPRISE(Guat.) Originated 1909 on C.F. Wagner place, Hollywood, CA, from seed from Mex. Fruit: season, Feb.-May; color, green; weight, 16-20 ozs.; shape, oblong-pyriform; skin, slightly rough. (CAS Yearbook 1950) Origin, CA; Race, Guat.; Flowering group, B (Lahav & Gazit)
SUSAN(Mex.) Regist.1952 Orig.at 15250 E. Arrow Highway, Baldwin Park, 1944. TREE: Semi-upright.Approximately 12 ' high with 12 foot spread; production, 1949 -1 fruit,1950-50 lbs.,1951-30 lbs.1952-65 lbs.; cold resistant. FRUIT: Season: latter part of Sept. to mid-Nov.; Color: med. green: Weight: 7.50 ozs.; Shape: ovoid; Skin: thin & smooth: Flavor: good plus; Oil: 12.7%; Keeping Quality: good; Seed: 2ozs. (CAS Yearbook 1952) Orig. Baldwin Park, CA, by J.M. Allred, Covina, CA Introd. in 1953. Plant patent 1474; 1 May 1956. Parentage unknown; disc.in 1944; selected 1949; Mex.type. Fruit: 4-8 oz, average of 5.50 oz; ovoid, 3 1/4" long, 2 1/2" in diam.;skin thin, smooth, green; flesh yellow; flavor nutty & rated good plus; consistency buttery; oil content up to 17%; season Sept.-mid-Nov.; resembles Fuerte. Tree: frost resistant; produces well. Limited commercial production in CA. (B&O Register) (evaluated by CA Avocado Society Jan.2,1975; patented but patent has now expired); pear-shaped; of med. size, averaging 8-10oz(227-283g); skin light-green, smooth, thin peels well; flesh pale-cream- color, of bland flavor; ripens unevenly with darkening spots; has slight tendency to turn dark when cut; not attractive; of only fair quality; seed lg. loose; coat adheres to seed. Season: early fall; short. Tree of med. size; grown commercially only in the San Joaquin Valley because of its cold hardiness. (J.Morton 1987)
T 142Origin, CA; Race, Guat.?; Flowering type, B (Lahav & Gazit) Fruit is large and tree is very productive. Fruit is very attractive hanging on tree but when softened flavor is poor and color is pale yellow, somewhat unattractive. T means Thille. This is a seedling of Thille, a grand avocado of Hass. I would consider this to be a Guat.xMex. hybrid with much more Guat. than Mex. Mature in late summer. Flower type B. 5 trees at South Coast Research Station, Irvine, CA (J.R. Frink 1998)
T 205Origin, CA; Race, Guat.; Flowering group, A (Lahav & Gazit) Seedling of Thille which is a seedling of Hass. Our observations show it to be B flower type, skin pebbly, seed, med., weight 8 to 20 oz, medium thickness to skin, black hard and soft, poor colored flesh and flavor is best in very late fall. (J.R. Frink 1998)
TAFT(Guat.) P.I. 39369 Orig.1899 as seed from Mex. planted by C.P. Taft, Orange, CA propagated 1912. Parent tree desc.An. Rept. Cal. Avo. Soc. 1917. Long the leading variety in CA. Original tree is dead. A shy bearer. Fruit; season, May-Dec.; color, green; weight, 10-20 ozs.; shape, oblique, pyriform; skin, thick, slightly rough; flavor, good; oil, 18%. Seed, med. (CAS Yearbook 1950) Origin, CA; Race, Guat.; Flower group, A (Lahav & Gazit) (originated in 1899 in CA;propagated in 1912; broad-pear-shaped;med.to very lg; skin faintly rough,more so at base;many yellowish dots,thick,granular but somewhat pliable; flesh of excellent quality & flavor; seed of med. size, tight. Season: May-Dec.in CA; Feb. & Mar. in FL. Poor bearer in CA; fair in FL but cold-sensitive.(J.Morton 1987)
TAFT HARDYSyn. of Hardy (CAS Yearbook 1950)
TAHITIFormerly grown at San Diego, CA. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
TAMAYO(Mex.) P.I. 53182-54270 Introduced 1921 by F.W. Popenoe USDA from Chota Valley, Ecuador, Fruit: color, green shading to maroon at stem end; weight, 18 ozs. Seed, medium. (CAS Yearbook 1950) Illustrated 1921:37 (CAS Yearbook 1956)
TANAKAOrigin, HI; Flowering group, B (Lahav & Gazit)
TANTALUS(W.I.) Hawaii Originated at Tantalus, Hawaii. Fruit: color, green; weight, 11 ozs.; shape, oval to pyriform; skin, smooth; flavor, good. Seed. large. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
TANTLINGERRegistered 1947 (CAS Yearbook 1956) Origin, CA; Race, MxG; Flowering group, B (Lahav & Gazit)
TAPPENRace, WIxG; Flowering group, B (Lahav & Gazit)
TAYLOR(Guat.) P.I. 26710 FL Orig.1908 at U.S. Pl. Intro. Gardens, Miami, FL from seed of Royal from Los Angeles,propagated 1914.A vigorous tall, slender grower, precocious & bears good crops. It is recommended for central & southern FL. The most cold resistant of commercial varieties there. Fruit:season,Dec.-Jan.; color, green; weight,12-18 ozs.;shape, obovoid to pyriform; skin,rough, pebbled; flavor, good; oil,13-17%.Seed, med.(CAS Yearbook 1950)Orig. in Miami, FL, by USDA. Open-pollinated seedling of Royal;Guat. type. Fruit obovate to pyriform, small to med. size,12-18oz;skin rough, dark green, glossy;seed size med., tight in cavity; flesh light yellow,of very good flavor,oil content 13%-17%;late, ripening Dec.- Feb. Tree:upright,vigorous, cold-hardy.flower type A; minor commercial cultivar in FL. (B&O Register) Origin, FL; Race, Guat.; Flower group,A (Lahav & Gazit)(seed of Royal planted in FL in 1908,propagated commercially in 1914); obovate-pear shaped, occasionally with neck; sm.- med.size;12-18oz(340-510g); skin rough, with many small yellow dots; fairly thin; flesh of excellent quality & flavor, 12-17% oil; seed of med. size,tight. Season:late(Dec.&Jan.or even to end of Mar.). The tree is cold-hardy but excessively tall & slender. (J.Morton 1987)
TAYLOR HAWAII(W.I.) Hawaii Originated at Honolulu. Illus. Hawaii Ag. Exp. Sta. Rept. 1921 (CAS Yearbook 1950)
TAYLORSON(Guat. x W.I.) Florida Originated at Miami, FL shortly before 1921 as seedling of Taylor. Fruit: size, small; flavor, fair. Seed, large. (CAS Yearbook 1950) Origin, FL; Race, GxWI; Flowering group, A (Lahav & Gazit)
TEAGUE(Mex.) smooth, thin, green skin, pear to oval shape, Blossom type B, low quality, 7-16 ozs, med. sized seed, light flesh color, Nov. maturity date. 2 trees, South Coast Research Station, Irvine, CA, field 44, row 7, trees 28 &29. (J.R.Frink 1998) Origin, CA; Race, Mex.; Flowering group, A (Lahav & Gazit)
TEASDALE
TENERIFEOrigin, Canary Islands; Flowering group, B (Lahav & Gazit)
TENEYCK(Mex.) Regist. 1932 Originated 1927 at San Diego, CA on place of Miss Harriet M. DeNick. Fruit: season, Sept.-Feb.; color, green; weight, 8 ozs.; shape, pyriform; flavor, good plus; oil, 13.9%. Seed, medium, 1 1/2 ozs. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
TENSENFlowering group, A (Lahav & Gazit)
TERTOH(Guat.) P.I. 44856 Introduced 1917 by F.W. Popenoe USDA, from near Guatemala City. Fruit: season, April-May; color, purple; weight, 28-36 ozs.; shape oblong; skin, smooth. Seed, small. (CAS Yearbook 1950) Illustrated 1917: 136 (CAS Yearbook 1956) Origin, Guat.; Race, Guat.; Flowering group, B (Lahav & Gazit)
THEVENIN(W.I.) Hawaii Originated at Hawaii. Fruit: weight, 22 ozs.; shape, pyriform; skin, smooth. Seed, large, 10 ozs. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
THILLEOrig. in Santa Paula, Calif., by J. Nicholas Thille. Introd. in 1954. Open- pollinated seedling of Hass; seed planted in 1946; tested as Hass 4 & Thille 4. Fruit: size medium; oblate; skin green, thick, peels reasonably well, appearance good, tends to russet late in season in inland areas; oil content high; flavor good; season July to Nov. Tree: tall; upright; vigorous; good yields. Not propagated commercially. (B&O Register) Tree exists at South Coast Research Station, Irvine, CA. (J.R. Frink 1998)
THOMAS (Mex.) Frequently used rootstock. Blossom type B, ovate shape, seed-large, skin-smooth & thin & black, low quality fruit, high quality rootstock. (J.R.Frink 1998)
THOMPSON(Guat.) Originated 1913 at place of Miss Jessie Thompson, Montebello, CA from seed from small seeded Mex. race tree. Fruit: season, April-June; color, purple; weight, 12-25 ozs.; shape, pyrifom; skin, pebbled; flavor, excellent; oil, 16-23%. Seed small. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
THOMPSON 4000
TIGER(Guat.) Originated 1914 at Bishop Nursery, Highland, CA. Adapted to interior districts. Fruit: season, Jan.-Feb.; color, purple; weight, 10-16 ozs.; shape, pyriform; skin, rough, glossy. Seed, medium. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
TINGLEY(Mex.) Originated at Point Loma, CA, bearing before 1923. Fruit: season, Oct.-Nov.; color, purple to black; weight, 6-9 ozs. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
TIP TOP(Mex.) Regist. 1940 Originated at 1643 College St., Culver City, CA. Registered by Lee H. Collins at 137 So. Maple St., Montebello, CA. Fruit: season, Feb.-May; color, purple; weight, 6 1/2 ozs.; flavor, good; oil, 27.10%. Seed, 1/2 oz. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
TITO PERLAFlowering group, B (Lahav & Gazit)
TOLTECFlowering group, B (Lahav & Gazit)
TOMKO(Guat.) Regist. 1944 Originated by P.L. Kovach at Vista, CA. Fruit: season, June-July; color, green; weight, 9 ozs.; shape pyriform; flavor, fair plus; oil, 24.02%. Seed, 1 1/2 ozs. (CAS Yearbook 1950) Orig. in Carlsbad, CA, by Sam Thompson. Introd. in 1944. Plant patent 628; 6 June 1944; assigned to Paul L. Kovach, Vista, CA. Parentage unknown, but considered to be a seedling of (Cantel x Fuerte). Fruit: 11oz; pyriform, neck prominent, stem offset; ripens after Fuerte; skin green, glossy, leathery, smooth, peels easily; flesh buttery; oil content 24%; seed tight in cavity; ripens from mid-May to mid-July or later, after Fuerte. Tree: upright spreading. Obsolete.(B&O Register) Origin, CA; Race, GxM?; Flowering group, B (Lahav & Gazit)
TONNAGE(Guat.) FL Orig.1916 with Dan M. Roberts, Homestead, FL as seedling of Taylor. Named for heavy bearing tendency. Not propagated commercially. Fruit: season, Oct.-Nov.; color, green; wt.,16-24 ozs.; shape, pyriform; skin, thick, glossy, pebbled; oil, 6-8%. Seed, med. (CAS Yearbook 1950) Orig. in Homestead, FL, by Dan Roberts.Introd.1930. Open-pollinated seedling of Taylor; Guat.type; selected in 1921.Fruit: 16-24 oz; pyriform with stem placed obliquely, often necked; skin dark green, pebbled, rather glossy, thick; flesh pale yellow; oil content 8%-10%; seed size med., fairly tight; season Oct.15-Dec.1. Tree: very productive; flower group B; major commercial cultivar in FL. (B&O Register) Origin, FL; Race, Guat.; Flower group, B (Lahav & Gazit)(seed of Taylor planted in FL 1916;propagated commercially in 1930);pear-shaped, med.-lg;skin dark-green,rough,thick;flesh green near skin, rich in flavor,8-15%oil;seed med.,fairly tight. Season:from mid- Oct.through Nov.in FL;May to mid-Aug.in Argentina. Tree erect,fairly slender, requiring less distance between trees; is a heavy bearer. Cross-pollinated by Lula & Collinson in Argentina.(J.Morton 1987)
TOPA TOPA(Mex.) Originated 1907 from seed at E.S. Thatcher place Ojai, CA. Planted in orchard in 1909, fruited 1912, propagated 1913. Fruit: season, Sept.-Dec.; color, black; weight, 6-10 ozs.; shape, oblique, pyriform; skin, smooth, glossy; flavor, poor; oil, 15.5%. (CAS Yearbook 1950) Origin, CA; Race, Mex.; Flowering group, A (Lahav & Gazit) Seeds are used as rootstock for grafting because they grow early and with vigor. They tend to be susceptible to phytophthora however. The fruit is of very low quality for eating. (JR Frink 1999)
TOPSY(Guat.) Regist. 1933 Originated 1927 at Whittier, CA. on place of D.R. Warnock. Fruit: season, May-June; color, purple; weight, 16 ozs.; shape, pyriform; skin, medium; flavor, good; oil, 15.9%. Seed, small, 2 ozs. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
TORRESWest Indian variety of unknown ancestry. (J Morton)
TOVAOrigin, ISR; Race, GxM; Flowering group, A (Lahav & Gazit) This variety was growing in the Southcoast Research and Extension Center in Irvine, California but was removed because it was of low quality. It was growing in the Historical plot before it was removed in the 1980s. (J.R. Frink)
TOWSE(Guat.) Hawaii Originated at place of E. Towse, Honolulu, as seedling of McDonald, fruiting in 1922. Fruit: season, Nov.-Dec.; color, purple; weight, 26 ozs.; shape, pyriform; skin, rough. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
TRAPP(W.I.) P.I. 26689,12937,16871 FL Originated 1894 on place of H.R. Trapp, Cocoanut Grove, FL, fruited 1898 propagated 1901. A weak grower but is one of the leading varieties in FL on account of heavy & regular bearing & good shipping qualities. Recommended for southern FL. Fruit: season, Sept.-Oct.; color, green; weight, 12-24 ozs.; shape, roundish oblate to slightly pyriform; skin, smooth; flavor, excellent; oil, 3-6%. Seed, large. (CAS Yearbook 1950) Orig. in Coconut Grove, FL, by H.A. Trapp. Introd. in 1901. West Indian type. Fruit: roundish-ovate or slightly pyriform, medium to large size,12-24 oz; skin smooth, light to yellowish green; seed size large, loose in cavity; flesh golden yellow to pale green near the skin, of excellent flavor; oil content 3% to 6%; late midseason, ripening Sept.-Nov. Tree: comparatively weak grower & sometimes carries few fruit to maturity, but usually a consistent bearer of good crops. Flowering type B; minor commercial cultivar in FL. (B&O Register) Origin, FL; Race, WI; Flower group, B (Lahav & Gazit)(originated in Miami in 1894; propagated in 1901); round to pear-shaped; med.-lg; skin smooth; flesh golden-yellow,green near skin, of excellent quality, 3-6%oil; seed lg.,loose in cavity. Season: med.-late (Sept.-Nov. or Dec.); a good shipper. Was prominent in FL for 25yrs despite tendency to overbloom & bear lightly some yrs; usually bore regularly & well. (J.Morton)
TRAPPSON(W.I. x Guat.) Florida P.I. 61740 Originated 1921 at U.S. Pl. Intro. Gardens, Miami, FL, supposedly as a Trapp x Collinson cross. Fruit & foliage are typically West Indian showing no evidence of hybidization. Fruit: season, Oct.-Nov.; color, yellowish green; weight, 12-24 ozs.; shape, obovoid; skin, medium thick, smooth. Seed: large. (CAS Yearbook 1950) Origin, FLl; Race, WIxG; Flowering group, B (Lahav & Gazit)
TRUJILLOWest Indian variety of unknown ancestry. (J Morton)
TUCUATAOrigin, Mex.; Race, Mex.; Flowering group, B (Lahav & Gazit)
TUMIN(Guat.) P.I. 44627 Introduced 1917 by F.W. Popenoe USDA, from Antigua, Guat. Fruit: season, Sept.; color, purplish black; weight, 18-24 ozs.; shape, spherical; skin, smooth, glossy. Seed, medium. (CAS Yearbook 1950) Illustrated 1917:128 (CAS Yearbook 1956) Origin, Guat.; Race, Guat.; Flowering group, B (Lahav & Gazit)
TWO POUND GREEN(Guat.) Introduced 1910 by D.E. Clower, Monrovia, CA, from Atlixco, Mex. Fruit: season, March-June; color, green; weight, 32 ozs.; shape, pyriform; skin, rough. Seed, small. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
TX 531Origin, CA; Race, Guat.; Flowering group, A (Lahav & Gazit) This variety originated on the Crawford Teague ranch. It was one of several hundred seedlings and got the attention of Mr. Teague who got Gray Martin interested in it. Therefore it was grafted into Field 10 at the Southcoast Research Center along with the Esthers, Whitsells and Gwens. After the green-skins went out of favor it had to join other varieties in the non-commercial historic variety pool. Attractive green fruit when hard & soft, excellent flavor, usually quite fiberous, with seed that varies from very small to med. large, very attractive flesh & nice creamy texture. I have found delicious fruit during every month except Feb. Late March is the earliest part of the season but I have had fruit that hung until mid-Jan. some years. Cultivar is susceptible to scirtothrip with the starshaped scab showing up on a majority of the fruit on the stem end last 2 years. Trees are very productive. 5 trees at South Coast Research Station, Irvine, CA. Fiber & sometimes poor peeling quality are negatives. Fruit weight: 8-22 ozs. A type flower. (J.R. Frink, 1998)
ULTIMATE(Guat.) Originated 1902 on C.P. Taft place, Orange, CA. Fruit: season, April-May; color, green; weight, 12 ozs.; shape, pyriform; skin, nearly smooth. Seed, medium. (CAS Yearbook 1950) Origin, CA; Race, Guat.; Flowering group, A (Lahav & Gazit)
UTADOOne tree is growing at South Coast Research Station, Irvine, CA. field 46, row 57, tree #16. (J.R.Frink 1998) Origin, Puerto Rico; Race, GxWI; Flowering group, B (Lahav & Gazit)
VACAOrig. in Homestead, Fla., by W.H. Krome. Introd. about 1945. Chance seedling discovered in 1932. Fruit: 16-24 oz; obovoid to pyriform; skin light green, glossy, smooth, medium thick, slightly granular, separates readily from flesh, lenticels slightly raised; flesh yellow, of very good quality; seed loose in cavity; season Oct. to Feb. (B&O Register)
VAL DE FLOR(Mex.) Introduced 1912 by E.G. Hart of Los Angeles from Oaxaca, Mex. Fruit: season, Oct.-Dec.; color, purple; weight, 6-8 ozs.; shape, pyriform. Seed, small. (CAS Yearbook 1950) Origin, Mex.; Race, Mex.; Flowering group, B (Lahav & Gazit)
VAN KORTRYCK(Mex.) Florida Origin same as Courtright. Trees appear to be productive & hardy. Certified 1942. Fruit: season, Sept.-Oct.; color, purple; weight, 10-14 ozs.; shape, oval; skin, smooth, thin; flavor, good; oil, 16%. Seed, large. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
VANNEL LATEFlowering group, B (Lahav & Gazit)
VEGAPhilippines Introduced 1906 from Cuba to Philippines. A regular but shy bearer. Fruit: season, Sept.; color, green; weight, 10-17 ozs.; shape, obovoid; skin, rough, glossy; flavor, good; fiber, few traces. Seed, large. (CAS Yearbook 1950) Origin, Cuba; Flowering group, A (Lahav & Gazit)
VENEZUELAPuerto Rico Cultivated at University Puerto Rico Agr. Exper. Sta. 1934-35. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
VENUSFlowering group, A (Lahav & Gazit)
VERANERO(W.I.) P.I. 35121 Introduced 1913 by USDA from Caracas, Venezuela. Fruit: color, yellow; shape, pyriform. Seed, medium. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
VERANO(Guat.) Regist. 1944 Originated in Kovach orchard at Vista, CA. Fruit: season, July-Aug.; color, green; weight, 10 1/2 ozs.; shape, pyriform; skin smooth, thick, peels; flavor, good; oil 19.97%, Aug. 28. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
VERDE(Guat.) Syn. California Trapp Introduced 1911 by Carl Schmidt for West India Gardens, Altadena, CA, from Atlixco, Mex. Fruit: season, Dec.-Jan.; color, green; weight, 10-18 ozs.; shape, spherical; skin, nearly smooth; oil, 14.5%. Seed, medium. (CAS Yearbook 1950) Origin, Mex.; Race, Guat.; Flowering group, B (Lahav & Gazit)
VERDES(Guat.) P.I. 43606 Introduced 1916 by USDA from Honduras. Fruit: color, green; size, small; shape, pyriform, long necked. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
VERIBEST(Guat.) Originated at Whittier, CA as seedling of Lyon. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
VERO(Mex. x W.I.) Florida Originated by W.E. Sexton, Vero Beach, FL. (CAS Yearbook 1950) Origin, FL; Race, MxWI; Flowering group, B (Lahav & Gazit)
VICTORY(Guat.) Originated about 1904 at H.A. Phelps place, Hollywood, CA. Fruit: color, green; weight, 16-18 ozs.; shape, spherical; skin, smooth. Seed, medium. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
VILLA(Guat. x Mex.) Florida Originated at Avocado Villa near Orlando, FL, as seedling of Fuerte about 1920. The parent tree bears heavily on heavy, low ground, but trees planted on high sandy soil have been shy bearers. Fruit: Very similar to Fuerte. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
VIRGINIA(Guat.) Originated 1910 as seedling from E.C. Dutton at place of Otto Keup, Palm Ave. & Ball Rd., Anaheim, CA. Fruit: season, April-Aug.; much fiber. Seed, large. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
VISTA(Hybrid) Regist. 1932 Originated 1927 at Vista, CA on place of W.L. Crowell. Fruit: season, summer; color, green; weight, 17 ozs.; shape, pyriform; skin, thin, smooth; flavor, good; oil, 22.2%. Seed, small, 1 1/2 ozs. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
VOLCAN(Guat.) Syn. Ixtaccihuatl & erroneously Itzia. Introduced 1912 by West India Gardens, Altadena, CA from Atlixco, Mex. Fruit: color, purplish black; shape, oval to pyriform. Seed, small. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
WAGNER(Guat.) Syn. California. Originated 1908 at C.F. Wagner place, 1295 Fairfax Ave., Hollywood, CA. Fruit: season Sept.-Oct.; color, green; weight, 8-12 ozs.; shape, spherical; skin, rough. Seed, large. (CAS Yearbook 1950) Origin, CA; Race, Guat.; Flowering group, A (Lahav & Gazit)(seed of Royal planted in CA in 1908; propagated in FL in 1916); rounded to obovate; sm.-med.;skin slightly rough; flesh light-yellow,16-20% oil; seed lg, tight. Season: Late (mid-Jan.to mid-Mar.). Tree lower-growing than Taylor,a heavy bearer, but fruit more subject to black spot than Taylor. Not recommended in FL. (J.Morton 1987)
WAHIAWAOrigin, HI; Flowering group, B (Lahav & Gazit)
WALDIN(W.I.) FL Originated 1909 on place of B.A. Waldin, Homestead, FL, fruited 1913, propagated 1917. A precocious & productive tree & hardy. Recommended for south FL. Fruit: season, Oct.-Nov.; color, green; weight, 14-28 ozs.; shape, oval; skin, smooth; flavor, good; oil, 6-10%. Seed, large. (CAS Yearbook 1950) Orig. in Homestead, FL, by B.A. Waldin. Introd.1917. West Ind. type. Fruit: oblong to oval & characteristically flattened on one side at the blossom end; of med. to large size, 14-28 oz; skin smooth, pale green-greenish yellow; seed size med. to large, tight in cavity; flesh pale to greenish yellow, of good flavor, oil content 6%-10%; midseason, Aug.-Sept. Tree: precocious with a tendency to overbear; hardier than most West Indians. Flowering type A; major commercial cultivar in Florida. (B&O Register) Origin, FL; Race, WI; Flowering group A (Lahav & Gazit) (seed planted in FL in 1909; propagated commercially in 1917); oblong to oval; med.-lg; skin smooth; flesh pale to greenish-yellow, of good flavor, 5-10% oil; seed med.-lg., tight. Season: fairly late)mid-Sept. through Oct.). Tree tends to overbear & die back; is hardy. Has been a leading commercial cultivar in central & southern FL. (J.Morton)
WALDO(Mex. x W.I.) Syn. Sexton (FL) Florida Originated 1927 in W.E. Sexton grove, Vero Beach, FL, propagated 1933. Fruit: season, Oct.; color, green; weight, 12-24 ozs.; shape, obovoid; skin, smooth, thin. Seed, medium. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
WALKER(Guat.) Syn. Walker Prolific Originated 1897 at the J.H. Walker place, 1547 Las Palmas Ave., Hollywood, CA from seed of Miller. Original tree a heavy & regular producer. Fruit: season, Aug.-Nov.; color, green; weight, 6-12 ozs.; shape, obovoid; skin, rough, thick, woody; flavor, poor. Seed, large. (CAS Yearbook 1950) Origin, CA; Race, Guat.; Flowering group, B (Lahav & Gazit)
WALL(W.I.) Hawaii Originated at Honolulu. Fruit: season, June-Sept.; color, green; weight, 24 ozs.; shape, oval; skin, smooth; flavor, fair. Seed, small. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
WALTER HOLE(Mex.) Fruit: seqason, Sept.-Oct.; color, purplish black; weight, 3-5 ozs.; shape, pyriform; skin, smooth, thin; flavor, fair plus; oil, high. Seed, small. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
WARD(Guat.x Mex.) Originated 1914 at Ward Nursery, Sierra Madre, CA. Fruit: season, Nov.-March; color, purple; weight, 8-16 ozs.; shape, pyriform; skin, coarse. Seed, small. (CAS Yearbook 1950) Origin, CA; Race, GxM; Flowering group, A (Lahav & Gazit)
WARWICK(Mex.) Regist. 1932 Originated 1926 at El Cajon, CA on place of A.S. Copps. Fruit: season, Nov.; color, purple; weight, 6 1/2 ozs.; shape, pyriform; flavor, fair; oil, 19.7%. Seed, medium, 1 oz. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
WEIGHT(W.I. x Guat.) Hawaii Originated at Wailuku, Maui, Hawaii. Fruit: season, Oct.; color, green; weight, 2 1/2 lbs.; shape, pyriform; skin, rough; flavor, good. Seed, 5 1/2 ozs. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
WEISL(=Fuerte) Origin, CA; Race, MxG; Flowering group, B (Lahav & Gazit)
WEISS LYON(Guat.) Fruit: color, black; weight, 20 ozs.; skin, peels from flesh; oil, 16.12%, August 9. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
WELDONSyn. Dr. Weldon Originated at W.A. Spinks place, Duarte, CA, fruiting before 1923. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
WESTER(W.I.) P.I. 19297 Florida Originated 1871 by J.T. Peacock at Cocoanut Grove, FL, probably as seed from Key West. Fruit: season, Aug.-Sept.; color, purple; weight, 16-20 ozs.; shape, pyriform; skin, smooth, glossy. Seed, large. (CAS Yearbook 1950) Origin, FL; Race, WI; Flowering group, A (Lahav & Gazit)
WESTWOOD
WHITCOMBFlowering group, B (Lahav & Gazit)
WHITE (Mex.) P.I. 30080 Syn. Santa Barbara Early Originated 1895 from seed from Mex. by Dr. Franceschi, later planted on G.A. White place, 24 West Arellaga St., Santa Barbara, CA. Fruit: season, Nov.-Dec.; color, black; weight, 6-8 ozs.; shape, pyriform; skin, smooth, glossy. Seed, large. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
WHITSELL8-18 oz, average 11-12 oz fruit, round-ovate, very pebbly, B. blossom type, flesh is sometimes attractive, sometimes too pale and putty colored, thick skin, green hard & soft, quality varies but often comes in low in taste tests, tree is susceptible to Persea Mite. Fall season. A number of these trees are growning at South Coast Research Station, Irvine, CA. (J.R.Frink 1998) Origin, CA, Race, Guat.; Flowering group, B (Lahav & Gazit)
WHITTIER (Guat)(Guat) Originated from Lyon seed on A.R. Rideout place, Whittier, CA, fruiting before 1923. Fruit: season, Jan.-Mar.; color, green; weight, 12-14 ozs.; shape, pyriform. Seed, medium. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
WHITTIER (Mex)(Mex.) Originated on C.H. Hamburg place, Whittier, CA. Fruit: color, purple; shape, oblong. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
WILDER(Guat.) P.I. 55625 and 61084 Hawaii Originated 1900 as seedling of McDonald, planted on G.P. Wilder place, Honolulu. Fruit: season, Oct.-Jan.; color, green; weight, 20 ozs.; shape, spherical; skin, thick; flavor, excellent. Seed, large. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
WILLIAMS(Guat.) Regist. 1937 Originated 1927 near Whittier, CA on ranch of Mr. Williams located on road which is Los Angeles-Orange County line. Fruit: season, like Fuerte; color, purple; weight, 8 1/2 ozs.; shape, pyriform; skin, medium thick; flavor, fair plus; oil, 20.2%. Seed, medium, 1 1/2 ozs. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
WILLIEBELL(Hybrid) Regist. 1943 Originated on Paradise St., San Diego, CA by John Reinecke. Fruit: season, Dec.-Mar.; color, green; weight, 7 ozs.; oil, 21.9%. Seed, 2 ozs. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
WILSHIRE(Guat.) Originated about 1911 in yard of Mrs. Wm. Jones, Wilshire Pl., Los Angeles. Fruit: season, July-Sept.; color, green; weight, 8 ozs.; shape, oval; skin, smooth. Seed, large. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
WILSON(W.I.) P.I. 40982 Introduced 1915 by F.W. Popenoe USDA, form Joaquin Wilson near Placetas, Cuba. Fruit: color, green; weight, 8-10 ozs.; shape, spherical. Seed, small. (CAS Yearbook 1950) Origin, Cuba; Race, WI; Flowering group, A (Lahav & Gazit)
WILSON POPENOEFlowering group, A (Lahav & Gazit)
WINSLOW(Guat.) P.I. 10978 Florida Originated 1904 at U.S. Pl. Intro. Gardens, Miami, FL from seed from Guat. Fruit: season, April-July; color, green; weight, 10-15 ozs.; shape, spherical. (CAS Yearbook 1950) Origin, FL; Race, Guat.; Flowering group, B (Lahav & Gazit)
WINSLOWSON(Guat. x W.I.) Syn. Rolfs P.I. 58444 FL Orig. 1911 from seed of Winslow on P.H. Rolf's place, Miami, FL, fruited 1917, propagated 1921. It does well in Ridge section of FL. Fruit: season, Oct.-Dec.; color, green; wt., 20-40 ozs.; shape, roundish-oblate; skin, smooth, leathery. Seed, med.(CAS Yearbook 1950) (=Rolfs) Origin, FL; Race, GxWI; Flower group, B (Lahav & Gazit)(seed of Winslow planted in Miami in 1911; propagated commercially in 1921); round-oblate; lg.; skin smooth; flesh pale, 9-15% oil; seed of med. size, loose.Season: late (oct.-Dec. in FL; Dec.& Jan. in Puerto Rico).This hybrid is closer to the West Ind. race than the Guat. & therefore popular in Puerto Rico. Formerly commercial in FL but abandoned because of loose seed, overblooming, tendency to shed crop, & tree & fruit are susceptible to anthracnose.(J.Morton 1987)
WINTER MEXICAN(Guat.xMex.) FL Originated at Palm Beach & first propagated there in 1922. Now propagated on west coast of FL since 1936. A vigorous growing tree, bearing well & regularly in Pinellas Co. Hardy to cold & said to be resistant to scab. Promising for west coast. Fruit: season, Dec.-Jan.; color, green; weight, 12-18 ozs.; shape, oblong, skin, thick, leathery. Seed, med. (CAS Yearbook 1950) Orig. in Palm Beach, FL. Introd. in 1936. Hybrid of Guat.xMex. types; discovered in 1922. Fruit: 12-18 oz; oblong to pyriform; skin thick, leathery, dark green; seed size med., tight in cavity; season Dec.&Jan. Tree: very vigorous, bearing heavily & regularly; hardy; resistant to scab; susceptible to anthracnose; flowering group B. Obsolete. (B&O Register) Origin, FL; Race, GxM; Flowering group, B (Lahav & Gazit)
WISCONSIN(Guat. x Mex.) Regist. 1934 Originated about 1926 at La Habra heights, CA from Fuerte seed on place of R.G. Hass. Fruit: season, early winter; color, green; weight, 11 ozs.; shape, obovoid; skin, thin; flavor, good plus; oil 15.7%; fiber, considerable. Seed, medium. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
WOOD(Guat.) Regist. 1937 Originated 1930 Encinitas, CA. on place of W.M. Wood. Fruit: season, May-July color, green; weight, 12 1/2 ozs.; shape, pyriform; flavor, good plus; oil, 18.2%. Seed, large, 2 ozs. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
WOODFIN(Mex.) Regist. 1932 Originated 1926 at Carlsbad, CA on place of Mrs. Casey Woodfin. Fruit: season, Sept.-Nov.; color, green; weight, 8 1/2 ozs.; shape, pyriform; flavor, good; oil, 18.3%; fiber, considerable. Seed, large, 2 ozs. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
WORSHAM(Guat. x Mex.) Originated 1910 from seed on M.B. Worsham place, had of Earlham Dr., Whittier, CA. Tree is prolific. Fruit: season, Dec.-Feb.; color, green; weight, 12-14 ozs.; shape, oval; skin, smooth, glossy; flavor, fine. Seed, medium. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
WRIGHTOrig. in Whittier, Calif. by Carter Barrett. Introd. in 1949. Chance seedling of Mexican type; planted about 1930; selected about 1945. Fruit: 5-8 oz; pyriform; skin green, very thin; flavor good; oil content high; season early, Oct. & Nov. Tree: large; spreading; foliage sparse; frost tolerance excellent; production generally light. Not propagated commercially. (B&O Register) Originated in the city of Whittier, CA. Tree, spreading, frost resistant, production satisfactory. Fruit season, Oct.-Nov. Color, green. Weight, 6-8 ozs. Shape, pyriform. Skin, quite thin. Flavor, good minus. Oil, high. Seed, small. (CAS Yearbook 1956) Origin, CA; Race, Mex.; Flowering group, B (Lahav & Gazit)
WURTZ(Guat.) Regist.1940 Orig.1935 at place of Roy E. Wurtz, Encinitas, CA. Fruit; season, May-Sept.;color, green;weight, 8-10 oz.; shape, pyriform. (CAS Yearbook 1950) Orig. Encinitas, CA, by Roy Wurtz. Introd.1948. Chance seedling planted about 1935;selected about 1940. Fruit: Mex.-Guat. hybrid type; quality good; skin green, med.thick;long oval; size 7-10 oz.Tree:production fair to good; distinctive weeping growth habit, with dense cover of leaves & sm. limbs. (B&O Register) Easily available for the home garden through nurseries. Also called Littlecado or Minicado or Dwarf Hybrid depending on propagating nursery.(J.R. Frink 2000) Origin, CA; Race GxM; Flower group, A (Lahav & Gazit) (originated in 1935 at Encinitas, CA; cultivated in Queensland for only the past12 or13 yrs.);pear shaped,sm.-med.;8-12oz(226-240g); seed lg. Season:May-Sept. in CA;late in Queensland. Tree is small&slow-growing, bears moderately but regularly. More than 100 trees may be planted per acre (240 per ha). (J.Morton 1987)
WW5(=Mayo B) Origin, CA; Race, GxM?; Flowering group, A (Lahav & Gazit)
XX 102 Origin, CA; Race, Guat.; Flowering group, B (Lahav & Gazit)
XX3(Guat) 18-28 oz. fruit, pear shaped, green, dark yellow flesh, excellent flavor, medium pit, peels easily, glossy leaves, persea mite and thrip resistant, small tree with skirting shape, A blossom type. Produces well. Fruit is hidden inside tree. Holds well. Tree should be made available to the home gardener for it has the best fruit for a small tree that I am familiar with &is better that any available at nurseries at this time. Several trees at South Coast Research Station, Irvine, CA. (J.R.Frink 1998)This is a "grandchild" of the old "Murrieta Green" variety, which had a green, good-quality fruit, commercially too large; on a tree that was short & spreading-easy to pick,& to spray if necessary. XX3 is a good producer of rather similar large, fine, green fruits. The tree is almost unique among thousands of seedlings in that it tends to sprawl on the ground. This latter trait rules it out commercially-plus the over-sized fruit. Commercially, XX3 is without value. But, for backyard purposes it might be useful in CA. An avocado tree that remains very low could be desirable where a view, or sunlight transmission, is wanted; or, it could be grown on a (sturdy) fence. The green skin would be no detriment, & the large fruit size could be a non-commercial advantage. (Bergh 2000)
YAMA(Mex.) Originated in Cucamonga, CA by S. Yamaguchi. Precocious & consistent in production. Fruit: season, Sept.-Oct.; color, green; weight, 6-8 ozs.; shape, pyriform; skin, smooth; oil, high. Seed, med. (CAS Yearbook 1950) As a fruit, Yama has little in its favor, for it has a very easily injured skin, seed coats which adhere to the flesh, & a large cavity in which the seed rattles about. As a tree, however, it has attracted a great deal of interest because of its observed high degree of tolerance to cold, showing little injury from tempertures below 22 degrees F. for six hours. (This & more data about YAMA in CAS Yearbook 1963 p.92.) Origin, CA; Race, Mex.; Flowering group, A (Lahav & Gazit)
YAMA 175Origin, CA?; Race, Mex.?; Flowering group, A (Lahav & Gazit)
YAMA 381Origin CA; Race, Mex.; Flowering group, B (Lahav & Gazit)
YAMA AOrigin, CA?; Race, Mex.?; Flowering group, A (Lahav & Gazit)
YAMAGATAOrigin, HI; Flowering group, B (Lahav & Gazit)
YATESFlowering group, B (Lahav & Gazit)
YEHIAM IIIOrigin, ISR; Race, GxM; Flowering group, B (Lahav & Gazit)
YON(Guat. x W.I.) Florida Originated at Orlando, FL on place of J. Hugh Yon, from seed planted in 1926. Fruited first in 1932 & propagated in 1937. Hardy & recommended for central FL. Fruit: season, Dec.-Feb.; color, green; weight, 2-4 lbs.; shape, oval-oblong; skin, slightly rough, thick, leathery. Seed, med. (CAS Yearbook 1950) Orig. in Orlando, FL, by J. Hugh Yon. Introd. in 1937. Hybrid of Guat.xWest Indian types; selected in 1932 from seed planted in 1926. Fruit: 2-4 lb; oval-oblong; skin dark bronzed-green, almost smooth, thick, leathery; seed medium-small; flesh very thick; season Dec. to Feb. in Florida. Tree: hardy; poor bearer. Flower group B. Obsolete. (B&O Register)
YOUNGFruit: color, green with red spots; weight, 16 ozs.; shape, spherical. Seed, large. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
YOUNG 2Flowering group, B (Lahav & Gazit)
YOUNG SPECIALFlowering group, A (Lahav & Gazit)
YUCATAN(Guat.) Regist. 1950 Tree: originated 1944 at 1060 Urania Ave., Leucadia, CA on place of D.W. Thompson. Probably cross between Anaheim & Nabal; production, 100 lbs. per tree for each of the last 4 years; growth upright, 20 feet tall. Fruit: season, May-Oct.; color, dark green; weight, 10 ozs.; shape, pyriform; skin, smooth, thick, peels from flesh; flavor, good plus; oil, 12.70%; keeping quality good. Seed, 2 3/4 ozs. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
ZAK(Guat.) Originated 1915 in Hollywood, CA. Fruit: season, June-Nov.; color, green; weight, 12-16 ozs.; shape, pyriform; skin, smooth. Seed, large. (CAS Yearbook 1950)
ZRIFIN 99Origin, ISR; Flowering group, B (Lahav & Gazit)
ZUTANO(Mex.) Regist.1932 Orig.1926 at Fallbrook by W.L.Truitt. A consistent producer & more hardy than Fuerte. Fruit season, Dec.-Jan.; Color, green. Wt. 8 ozs. Shape, pyriform. Skin, thin. Flavor, good. Oil,16%. Seed, med.,1.5 ozs. (CAS Yearbook 1950) Orig. in Fallbrook, CA by W.L. Ruitt. Introd.1941. Parentage unknown; probably a hybrid between Mex. & Guat. types; selected in 1926. Fruit: 8-12 oz; pyriform; skin very thin, light green, russets in inland areas; oil content med.; flavor fair to good;season Oct- Dec. in San Gabriel valley of Los Angeles County, CA; season Jan. & Feb. in Ventura County, CA. Tree: consistent producer; more hardy than Fuerte; vigorous; upright grower. Still grown in marginal areas in CA. (B&O Register) Origin, CA; Race, MxG?; Flower group, B (Lahav & Gazit) (hybrid, orig.1926 at Fallbrook,CA; regis.1932); pear-shaped; med.-sm.; skin light-green, very thin,leathery; flesh watery, 15-22% oil; seed med. Season: Dec.&Jan. in CA; Apr.&May in Queensland where it is considered of poor quality, delicate to handle, & prone to disease during ripening. Tree is a good bearer. Ranks among 6 leading commercial cultivars in CA,being grown where it is too cold for Hass. Mex. race. (J.Morton 1987) Used as a pollinator in CA. Bears heavily. It is not high on my list of avocados but if it were the only one I could get I would be happy to have it. Flavor quality is not excellent but neither is it nasty. (JR Frink 1999)
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